Third Reich Biographies

“Make the lie big, make it simple, keep saying it, and eventually they will believe it.”  Adolf Hitler

Biographical information can be found by searching a library’s online catalog. Just type in a name and the word “biography,” and the online catalog will list biographical sources available in print or electronic form. “[T]o locate biographical sources for people in a certain subject area or profession, your keyword search would combine the words describing the profession/subject with the terms “biography” and “dictionaries.”

Always remember that biographical information may not be accurate. Cross-check biographical information against other sources. The most trustworthy material is articles in popular references, such as encyclopedias and scholarly journals. “Scholarly or critical biographies are acceptable sources of biographical information as they most always feature extensive end notes of list of references …”

To begin your research consult a biographical index to find biographical information with citations to published sources. These indexes are available in your library and online on the internet. Be careful with online biographical information. Make sure that you are using a legitimate source.

The Facts on File Guide to Research, 2010


Ayer, Eleanor H. In the Ghettos: Teens Who Survived the Ghettos of the Holocaust. N.p.: Saddleback Pub, 2002. Print. Juvenile literature. Chronicles the deportation of Jews into ghettos during Hitler’s Third Reich …”

Biddle, Wayne. Dark Side of the Moon: Wernher Von Braun, the Third Reich, and the Space Race. New York: W.W. Norton, 2009. Print.

Boatner, Mark Mayo. Biographical Dictionary of World War II. Novato, CA: Presidio, 1996. Print. This book is “a monumental, single-volume reference that contains authoritative single-victim accounts of more than 1,000 key personalities from the war years.”

Breuer, William B. Nazi Spies in America: Hitler’s Undercover War. New York: St. Martin’s Paperbacks, 1990. Print. Lists “Espionage agents convicted in the United States, 1937-1945.”

Cohn-Sherbok, Dan. The Dictionary of Jewish Biography. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2005. Print. “[A]nindispensable guide for anyone interested in the history of the Jewish people. …”

Delattre, Lucas. A Spy at the Heart of the Third Reich: The Extraordinary Story of Fritz Kolbe, America’s Most Important Spy in World War II. New York: Atlantic Monthly, 2005. Print. The extraordinary story of American spy Fritz Kolbe.

Dietrich, Otto. The Hitler I Knew: The Memoirs of the Third Reich’s Press Chief. New York, NY: Skyhorse Pub., 2010. Print. The author gathered information for 12 years to write this book.

Edwards, John Carver. Berlin Calling: American Broadcasters in Service to the Third Reich. New York: Praeger, 1991. Print. “Expatriates posing as detached yet patriotic American commentators, and using ‘the newspaper-of-the-day’ voice of the stereotypical radio announcer, sought to turn U.S. opinion against the British and achieve the political objectives of of the media-savvy employer-master propagandist Paul Josef Goebbels.”

Fest, Joachim C., and Michael Bullock. The Face of the Third Reich: Portraits of the Nazi Leadership. London: I.B. Tauris, 2011. Print. Portraits of the Nazi leadership.

Frick, Lisa. Encyclopedia of World Biography. 2006. Web. 23 Sept. 2011. <>. Simon Wiesenthal (1908-2005) was a Nazi War crimes investigator and human-rights activist.

Gehlen, Wilhelm R., and Don A. Gregory. Jungvolk: The Story of a Boy Defending Hitler’s Third Reich. Philadelphia, PA: Casemate, 2008. Print. Very interesting story of a boy in the Hitler Youth.

Gerwarth, Robert. Hitler’s Hangman: The Life of Heydrich. New Haven: Yale UP, 2011. Print. “Reinhard Heydrich is widely recognized as one of the great iconic villains of the twentieth century, an appalling figure even within the context of the Nazi leadership.”

Gill, Anton. An Honorable Defeat: A History of German Resistance to Hitler, 1933-45. New York: H. Holt, 1994. Print. Who’s who in the German Resistance.

The Historian. “Biography: Simon Wiesenthal, Nazi Hunter.” Helium. Helium Inc., 13 Apr. 2008. Web. 15 Sept. 2011. <>. Simon Wiesenthal, a famous Nazi hunter, is a survivor of Mauthausen Concentration Camp. Most of his family were killed by the Nazis.

Kjelle, Marylou Morano. Hitler’s Henchmen. San Diego: Lucent, 2003. Print. Juvenile literature. “Profiles five men who held positions of power in Hitler’s regime …”

Larson, Erik. In the Garden of Beasts: Love, Terror, and an American Family in Hitler’s Berlin. New York: Crown, 2011. Print. “Documents the efforts of the first American ambassador to Hitler’s Germany, William E. Dodd …”

Leuner, Heinz David. When Compassion Was a Crime: Germany’s Silent Heroes, 1933-1945. London: Wolff, 1978. Print. A long list of rescuers is included.

Manvell, Roger, and Heinrich Fraenkel. The Men Who Tried to Kill Hitler. New York: Skyhorse Pub., 2008. Print. The book contains information on 14 men who tried to kill Hitler.

Manz, Bruno. A Mind in Prison: The Memoir of a Son and Soldier of the Third Reich. Washington, DC: Brassey’s, 2000. Print. “Manz recounts how the advice of his elders and Hitler’s charisma induced him to join the Hitler Youth at age 11 … ”

McKale, Donald M. Nazis after Hitler: How Perpetrators of the Holocaust Cheated Justice and Truth. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2012. Print. “This deeply researched and informative book traces the biographies of thirty ‘typical’ perpetrators of the Holocaust–some well known, some obscure–who survived World War II.”

Meding, Dorothee Von. Courageous Hearts: Women and the Anti-Hitler Plot of 1944. Providence, RI: Berghahn, 1997. Print. The book is focused on eleven women who took part in the anti-Nazi resistance.

Metaxas, Eric. Bonhoeffer: Pastor, Martyr, Prophet, Spy : A Righteous Gentile vs. the Third Reich. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 2011. Print. Dietrich Bonhoeffer, resistance leader, is examined.

O’Donnell, Patrick K. They Dared Return: The True Story of Jewish Spies behind the Lines in Nazi Germany. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo, 2009. Print. “A never-before-told World War II story of Jewish soldiers on a dangerous mission within the Third Reich …”

Poland in Exile. Web. 03 Dec. 2011. <>. “This web site is dedicated to the men and women who left Poland to fight against the Nazis and Russian Communism in the 1939 – 1945 War. These pages are a tribute to their unselfish valour and acts as a memorial in their honour.

Posner, Gerald L. Hitler’s Children: Sons and Daughters of Leaders of the Third Reich Talk about Their Fathers and Themselves. New York: Random House, 1991. Print.

Schmidt, Ulf. Karl Brandt: The Nazi Doctor Medicine and Power in the Third Reich. London: Hambledon Continuum, 2007. Print. German war criminal’s biography.

Snyder, Louis L. Encyclopedia of the Third Reich. London: Robert Hale, 1995. Print.

Speer, Albert. Inside the Third Reich Memoirs. N.p.: Paw Prints, 2008. Print. Hitler’s architect wrote his memoirs.

Spicer, Kevin P. Hitler’s Priests: Catholic Clergy and National Socialism. DeKalb: Northern Illinois UP, 2008. Print. Appendix 2 contains biographical data on 138 brown priests, 109 diocesan priests, 19 ordained members of religious orders, and 10 priests from dioceses outside Germany.

Stürmer, Michael. The German Empire: A Short History. New York: Modern Library, 2000. Print. Key figures in the history of the German Empire.

Von, Hassell Agostino., Sigrid Von Hoyningen-Huene. MacRae, and Simone Ameskamp. Alliance of Enemies: The Untold Story of the Secret American and German Collaboration to End World War II. New York: Thomas Dunne, 2006. Print. “A brief introduction to some of the principal players, many of whom may be unfamiliar to readers, and their OSS code names and/or numbers.”

Wick, Steve. The Long Night: William I. Shirer and the Rise and Fall of the Third Reich. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011. Print. William L Shirer started the Berlin bureau of Edward R. Murrow’s CBS News in the 1930s.

World War II Documents

“Buchenwald Concentration Camp Prisoner Data Card for Symcho Dymant”

“Universal education is the most corroding and disintegrating poison that liberalism has ever invented for its own destruction.” Adolf Hitler

Atrocities and Other Conditions in Concentration Camps in Germany. Document No. 47, 79th Congress, 1st Session. Washington: United States Government Printing Office, 1945. Web. 23 Mar. 2012. “Report of the Committee Requested by Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower through the Chief of Staff, Gen. George C. Marshall to the Congress of the United States Relative to Atrocities and Other Conditions in Concentration Camps in Germany.”

“Avalon Project – The International Military Tribunal for Germany.” Avalon Project. Yale University Law School, 2008. Web. 28 Mar. 2012. <>. The International Military Tribunal for Germany Contents of The Nuremberg Trials Collection.

“Avalon Project – World War II : Documents.” Avalon Project., 2008. Web. 28 Mar. 2012. <>.

“Documents on Nazism, 1919-1945 (Book Review).” Rev. of Documents on Nazism, 1919-45, by Jeremy Noakes. International Affairs 51.2 (1975): 263+. EBSCOhost. Web. 21 May 2011. “The book is divided into six parts: the Rise of Nazism, the Seizure of power, the Political Structure of the The Reich, the New Social Order, Idea and Reality, Foreign Policy 1933-39, and Germany at War 1939-45.”

“Documents of the Holocaust – Germany and Austria.” Yad Vashem: The Holocaust Martyrs’ and Heroes’ Remembrance Authority, 2011. Web. 28 Mar. 2012. <>. Part I contains primary source documents regarding the Holocaust in Germany and Austria. Poland and the Soviet Union are included in Parts I and II.

“Documents on Nazism, 1919-1945 (Book Review).” Rev. of Documents on Nazism, 1919-45, by Jeremy Noakes. International Affairs 51.2 (1975): 263+. EBSCOhost. Web. 21 May 2011. “The book is divided into six parts: the Rise of Nazism, the Seizure of power, the Political Structure of the The Reich, the New Social Order, Idea and Reality, Foreign Policy 1933-39, and Germany at War 1939-45.”

“Documents Related to World War II.” Documents Related to World War II. Mount Holyoke College, n.d. Web. 22 June 2012. <>.
64 pages of World War II documents chronologically. A great find!

Dodd, William E. “1935 Letter from William E. Dodd to FDR about William Randolph Hearst.” Letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt. 20 Mar. 1935. Web. 24 Mar. 2012. <>. William E. Dodd is writing to the president to give “an exact narrative of the conversation I had on March 15 with Karl von Wiegand, for more than 25 years principal correspondent of the International News Service in Central Europe.”

“Germany: National Socialism and World War II.” – EuroDocs. 29 Dec. 2011. Web. 28 Mar. 2012. <>. Primary documents from Nazi Germany.

Himmler, Heinrich. “The Complete Text of the Poznan Speech.” Speech. Secret Speech to OSS Officers. Poznan, Poland. 4 Oct. 1943. Holocaust History Project, 4 Mar. 2004. Web. 24 Mar. 2012. <>. “Himmler is finishing talking about weapons factories. He is about to remind his officers of the loyalty he expects in their extermination of the Jews.”

“Holocaust Documents.” A Teacher’s Guide to the Holocaust. Florida Center for Instructional Technology. Web. 30 Mar. 2012. <>. “Many educators appreciate the value of using primary source materials in the classroom. The documents selected for this section provide many possibilities for classroom discussion or student activities.”

The Jaeger Report: A Chronicle of Nazi Mass Murder: One Unit, One Area, Five Months – and 137,000 Victims. Rep. Holocaust History Project. Holocaust-history. Web. 24 Mar. 2012. <>. “Among all Nazi documents detailing dastardly acts of mass murder and other atrocities, the ‘Jaeger Report’ is one of the most horrifying. After his arrest by the German Police, the former SS-Standartenfuehrer Karl Jaeger defended himself by stating: ‘I was always a person with a heightened sense of duty.’”

“News Directive on Reporting the Concentration Camps.” BBC News Archive. BBC. Web. 23 Mar. 2012. <>. 19th April 1945. From the Director of European News Department. “There has never been a greater opportunity than there is now to reveal to the the world the essential truth about Nazism — Buchenwald and Belson.”

Operation Reinhard Secrecy Oath. 18 July 1942. Participants in Operation Reinhard had to swear an oath of secrecy. The oath is reproduced and translated. “Signed Obligation by SS Men Taking Part In an Extermination Operation To Observe Secrecy July 18, 1942.”

Rauff, Walter. “…ninety-seven Thousand Have Been Processed…” Letter to Walter Just. 5 June 1942. The Holocaust History Project. Web. 24 Mar. 2012. <>. “This letter, sent by Willy Just to Walter Rauff on June 5, 1942, describes in great detail the “Spezialwagen” (special vans) and their operation in the gassing murders of thousands.”

Some Documents Relevant to Germany’s Invasion of Poland and Response to Great Britain’s Ultimatum. Rep. Web. 23 Mar. 2012. <>. Documents include proclamations and an address by Adolf Hitler, and communication from the German Government to the British Government.

United States. Cong. Committee on Foreign Affairs. Punishment of War Criminals. By Samuel Rajzman. 79th Cong., 1st sess. Cong. Rept. Washington, DC: GPO, 1945. Holocaust History Project, 10 Mar. 2009. Web. 24 Mar. 2012. <>. Samuel Rajzman is one of the very few survivors of the Treblinka death camp – he was lucky enough to escape. The testimony he gave, more than 60 years ago, is still important to understand the enormity of the crimes committed in that death camp and in the Final Solution. Before the war he was employed in the Miedzyrzecki Overseas Import & Export Company in Warsaw. His account, given before the American House Committee on Foreign Affairs in 1945, follows.

Wetzel, Dr. Erhard. “Vergasungsapparate” – “Gassing Devices.” Letter to Heinrich Lohse. Reich Commissar for the East. 25 Oct. 1941. The Holocaust History Project. Web. 24 Mar. 2012. <>. “This letter, marked Secret, is thus one of the important links in the chain leading directly from the murder by gas of mentally and physically handicapped German citizens to the murder by gas of Jews behind the Eastern Front. It is especially valuable because, unlike most communications regarding the Final Solution, it refers to gassing using that word, rather than a euphemism.”

Wiesenthal Center Annual Report Points to Lack of Political Will and Holocaust Distortion as Major Obstacles to Prosecution of Nazi War Criminals; Praises Hungary for Indictment of Dr. Sandor Kepiro; Three New Names on Center’s “Most Wanted”. Rep. Wiesenthal Center. Web. 23 Mar. 2012. <>. “Jerusalem – The Simon Wiesenthal Center today released the initial findings of its tenth Annual Status Report on the Worldwide Investigation and Prosecution of Nazi War Criminals, which covers the period from April 1, 2010 until March 31, 2011 and awarded grades ranging from A (highest) to F to evaluate the efforts and results achieved by more than three dozen countries which were either the site of Nazi crimes or admitted Holocaust perpetrators after World War II.”

Addendum #1

“General Roll Call of NSDAP in Berlin” 

“What good fortune for governments that the people do not think.” Adolf Hitler


Anderson, Anthony. “A Forgotten Chapter: Holland Under the Third Reich.” Lecture. University of Southern California. University of Southern California, 18 Nov. 1996. Web. 25 Mar. 2012. <>. “The German Occupation was to have many lasting effects both in Holland and how the Dutch were to see the world. One major consequence was the decision to abandon their traditional neutrality and to work more actively in world affairs. Holland became a charter member of both the United Nations and NATO.”

“Anti-jewish Law Creates Embittered Jobless Class in Hungary.” JTA Jewish News Archive. JTA, 7 May 1940. Web. 26 Mar. 2012. <>. “[T]hanks to the Jewish law, several thousand equally intelligent, equally capable young Hungarian Jews can’t even get a job sweeping streets. That is the real tragedy of Hungary’s anti-Semitic legislation”

Arhein, Jaime. “”It Was Not as Simple as It Seems”: Collaboration, Petainism, and Resistance in Vichy France.” The Journal of Undergraduate Research, University of Notre Dame (2008-2009). Print. Pdf at “[Vichy] France was not merely territorially divided. French citizens were also ideologically and politically divided between collaboration with and resistance to the new Vichy regime. To understand the ways in which the French split in their reactions to Vichy, it is first essential to define the labels being applied to them.”

Baranowski, Shelley. Nazi Empire: German Colonialism and Imperialism from Bismarck to Hitler. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2011. Print. “This book, a synthesis that draws primarily upon the findings of recent scholarship, argues that Germany offers an example of a less-appreciated ‘tension of empire,’ the aspiration to imperialist expansion and the simultaneous fear of dissolution at the hands of its imperialist rivals.”

Barnett, Victoria J. “The Role of the Churches: Compliance and Confrontation.” Dimensions: A Journal of Holocaust Studies 12.2 (1998). ADL: Fighting Anti-Semitism, Bigotry and Extremism. Anti-Defamation League, 2000. Web. 21 Mar. 2012. <>. “[I]t has become abundantly clear that [the Churches'] failure to respond to the horrid events … was not due to ignorance; they knew what was happening. Ultimately, the Churches’ lapses during the Nazi era were lapses of vision and determination.”

Becker, Howard Paul. German Youth; Bond or Free,. London: K. Paul, Trench, Trubner., 1946. Print. “No one can understand the rise of the German youth movement, its unhappy fate, and its uncertain future, unless he succeeds in projecting himself, however imperfectly, into the myth-inspired minds of the boys and girls, men and women, who strove to realize what they held to be an ideal Germany.”

Breitman, Richard. Official Secrets: What the Nazis Planned, What the British and Americans Knew. New York: Hill and Wang, 1998. Print. “When did Great Britain and the United States learn of the monstrous events that we today call the Holocaust? When and how did Nazi leader plan to destroy the Jewish people? An what were the attitudes and participation of ordinary Germans in these activities?”

Burleigh, Michael. The Third Reich: A New History. London: Macmillan, 2000. Print. “There is no better interpretative history of the period, nor is there likely to be one soon. His mastery of the sources, old as well as very recent, is remarkable, his judgment is sound, and the narrative could not be bettered.”

Cohen, Debra N. “Analysis: Response to Vatican Paper; Open the Holocaust Archives.” JTA: Jewish News Archive. Jewish Telegraphic Agemcy, 17 Mar. 1998. Web. 13 Mar. 2012. <>. “A long-awaited Vatican document addressing its role in the Holocaust is being greeted with nearly universal dismay and anger by Jewish experts on Catholic-Jewish relations.”

Dunstan, Simon, and Gerrard Williams. Grey Wolf: The Escape of Adolf Hitler : The Case Presented. New York: Sterling, 2011. Print. “Did Hitler–Code Name “Grey Wolf”–Really Die In 1945? Gripping New Evidence Shows What Could Have Happened … When Truman asked Stalin in 1945 whether Hitler was dead, Stalin replied bluntly, “No.” As late as 1952, Eisenhower declared: “We have been unable to unearth one bit of tangible evidence of Hitler’s death. What really happened.”

“From the Holocaust to the Secret Service: Michael Maor”. Online Torchlighter Film Archive. Yadvashem. Web. 08 Apr. 2012. <!prettyphoto/0/>. Michael Maor recounts his experience, as a child, fleeing from German soldiers and his work in the Massod.

“German Deportation Ships Sabotaged in Denmark; Mass-arrests of Jews Continue.” JTA Jewish News Archive. JTA, 5 Oct. 1943. Web. 26 Mar. 2012. <>. “Two large German vessels were damaged last night in Copenhagen harbor while they were being prepared to transport Danish Jews to Germany, it was reported by the Swedish radio today. The broadcast also stated that clashes have broken out between Danish non-Jews and German police at Hellerup, north of Copenhagen, as a result of protests by the population against the Nazi round-up of Jews which is continuing throughout Denmark.”

Hitler, Adolf, and Ralph Manheim. Mein Kampf. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1943. Print. Hitler’s political program, regarded inside Germany as the bible of National Socialism. It was an accurate blueprint of what Hitler intended to do.

“Hitler Proclaims Austria’s Inclusion in Reich; Jews Lose Citizenship.” JTA: Jewish News Archive. Jewish Telegraphic Agency, 16 Mar. 1938. Web. 13 Mar. 2012. <>. “Chancellor Adolf Hitler today formally proclaimed the incorporation of Austria into the Nazi Reich and told cheering thousands in this ancient Austrian capital that their nation would be transformed into a “National Socialist fortress.”

“Hitler’s Policy to Exterminate the Jews Emphasized in New Campaign by Nazi Press.” JTA Jewish News Archive. Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Web. 28 Mar. 2012. <>. “December 4, 1941. Led by the Voelkischer Beobachter, Hitler’s personal organ, the Nazi press throughout Germany today started a campaign to impress the German population with the fact that ‘it is the Fuehrer’r policy to exterminate the Jews by whatever means possible.’”

“Holocaust Encyclopedia: Third Reich.” United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Web. 13 Mar. 2012. <>. “Both inside and outside Germany, the term “Third Reich” was often used to describe the Nazi regime in Germany from January 30, 1933, to May 8, 1945.”

“Holocaust Survivor and Israeli Combat Officer: Meir Brand.” Online Torchlighter Film Archive. Vadyashem. Web. 08 Apr. 2012. <>. A young Jew, rescued by a young women in the Zionist underground, describes his heartbreaking and incredible life including his years as an Israel combat officer.

“Holocaust Survivor Remembers Fallen Survivor-Soldiers: Yehuda Szternfeld.” YouTube. Web. 8 Apr. 2012. <>. “After the war, Yehuda, the only surviving member of his family, immigrated to Palestine. In 1998 Yehuda launched an initiative to commemorate Holocaust survivors who fell in Israel’s War of Independence.” The Holocaust History Project. Web. 24 Mar. 2012. <>. “The Holocaust History Project is a free archive of documents, photographs, recordings, videos and essays regarding the Holocaust, including direct refutation of Holocaust-denial.”

Kershaw, Ian. The End: The Defiance and Destruction of Hitler’s Germany, 1944-1945. New York: Penguin, 2011. Print. “The Third Reich did not surrender until Germany had been left in ruins and almost completely occupied. Even in the near-apocalyptic final months, when the war was plainly lost, the Nazis refused to sue for peace. Historically, this is extremely rare.”

Kogon, Eugen, Hermann Langbein, and Adalbert Rückerl. Nazi Mass Murder: A Documentary History of the Use of Poison Gas. New Haven: Yale UP, 1994. Print. “This book is an essential tool in debunking Holocaust-denial.”

Larson, Erik. In the Garden of Beasts: Love, Terror, and an American Family in Hitler’s Berlin. New York: Crown, 2011. Print. “The time is 1933, the place, Berlin, when William E. Dodd becomes America’s first ambassador to Hitler’s Germany in a year that proved to be a turning point in history.”

McDonough, Frank. Hitler and Nazi Germany. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge UP, 1999. Print. “By isolating key problems areas within current historical debates and by including a selection of primary source documents, this book provides a stimulating, authoritative and balanced introduction to the study of Hitler and Nazi Germany.”

McFee, Gordon. “In the Nazis’ Words.”4 Apr. 2004. Web. 6 Apr. 2012. <>. “This collection of quotations by Nazi leaders speaks for itself. The common thread running through all of these quotations is the annihilation of the Jews. All quotations are from Nazi documents, books or speeches, and the German original has in most cases been provided.”

Moorehead, Caroline. A Train in Winter: An Extraordinary Story of Women, Friendship, and Resistance in Occupied France. New York: HarperCollins, 2011. Print. In occupied France the Gestapo hunted down 230 disparate women who had one thing in common–they were engaged in resistant activities. The women turned to one other and “found solace and strength in their deep affection camaraderie.”

“Noemi Shadmi.” Online Torchlighter Film Archive. Yadvashem. Web. 08 Apr. 2012. <>. A Holocaust survivor who became an officer in the Israel Defense Forces remembers her sad life in Nazi concentration camps.

Online Torchlighter Film Archive. Yadvashem. Web. 8 Apr. 2012. <!prettyPhoto>. “Each year, during the official Holocaust Martyrs’ and Heroes’ Remembrance Day ceremony that takes place at Yad Vashem, six torches, representing the six million Jews, are lit by Holocaust survivors. Since 1995 short films depicting the stories of the survivors are shown as each torch is lit. All of these films, containing documentary footage and video testimony, can be accessed (by name, date, country, or year of ceremony) in the Online Torchlighter Film Archive.”

“Ostfront 1944 Deutsch Wochenschau. Deutsche Wochenschau, 1945.” YouTube. Web. 28 Mar. 2012. <>. “German troops defend the homeland during the war’s final months. … German refugees flee westwards.”
Pressac, Jean-Claude. Auschwitz: Technique and Operation of the Gas Chambers. New York, NY: Beate Klarsfeld Foundation, 1989. Print.”Pressac’s analysis is at once exhaustive and convincing. It is based on primary documents and testimonies, original architectural plans, photographs, drawings, worksheets, and schematics.”

Reich, Simon. “The Ford Motor Company and The Third Reich.” Dimensions: A Journal of Holocaust Studies 13.2. Anti-Defamation League. Web. 21 Mar. 2012. <>. “[Ford's German subsidiary] remained an isolated and marginalized business, despite Hitler’s personal admiration for the anti-Semitism of Henry Ford and the mass production techniques Ford had made famous.”

Rosenberg, Jennifer. “Gypsies and The Holocaust.” 20th Century History. Web. 16 Mar. 2012. <>. “The Gypsies of Europe were registered, sterilized, ghettoized, and then deported to concentration and death camps by the Nazis. Approximately 250,000 to 500,000 Gypsies were murdered during the Holocaust – an event they call the Porajmos (the ‘Devouring’).”

Rosenberg, Jennifer. “Wannsee Conference.” 20th Century History. Web. 16 Mar. 2012. <>. “On November 29, 1941, Reinhard Heydrich sent out invitations to a “Final Solution” conference. Although the decision to kill the Jews had already been made, Heydrich realized that there were several impediments to carrying out this policy; he hoped to eliminate these at this conference.”

Seidelman, William E. “Medicine and Murder in the Third Reich.” Dimensions: A Journal of Holocaust Studies 13.1 (1999). Anti-Defamation League. Web. 21 Mar. 2012. <>. “Every captive of the Nazi state was considered to be a potential subject for inhuman research. Helpless victims, the inmates of psychiatric hospitals and concentration camps, were available for exploitation while alive.”

Shirer, William L. The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich; a History of Nazi Germany. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1960. Print. The classic history and commentary on the Third Reich.

“Shoah.” Dir. Claude Lanzmann. Parafrance, 1985. Film. “When ‘Shoah’ was released, 1985, it was instantly historic. The nine-and-a-half hour film about the German death camps in Poland is composed mainly of interviews with Jews who survived them, Germans who helped run them, and Poles who lived alongside them.”

Speer, Albert. Inside the Third Reich: Memoirs. New York: Galahad, 1995. Print. “In this fascinating book, Speer takes a brutally honest look at his role in the war effort, and gives us as complete a view as we are likely to get of the inside of the Nazi state.”

“Surviving the Holocaust: Yaakov Hollander’s Story.” Yadvashem, 24 Apr. 2008. Web. 08 Apr. 2012. <>. “Deported from his home and eventually crammed into the Krakow ghetto, Ya’akov passed through twelve different concentration camps during the Holocaust. … Despite all of the horror he faced as a child, through the help of music, Yaakov has managed to remain an optimistic person.”

“Surviving the Holocaust: Zanne Farbstein.”  Yadshem: Online Torchlighter Film Archive. Yadvashem. Web. 08 Apr. 2012. <>. Zanne Farbstein recounts her horrible days in Nazi concentration camps.

“Third Reich: An Overview.” United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Web. 13 Mar. 2012. <>. “The Nazi rise to power brought an end to the Weimar Republic, a parliamentary democracy established in Germany after World War I. Following the appointment of Adolf Hitler as chancellor on January 30, 1933, the Nazi state (also referred to as the Third Reich) quickly became a regime in which Germans enjoyed no guaranteed basic rights.”

“Twin Holocaust Survivors Describe Arriving at Auschwitz.”  Yadvashem. Web. 8 Apr. 2012. <>. “Identical twin sisters Iudit Barnea and Lia Huber (nées Tchengar) were born in 1937 in the town of Şimleul Silvaniei (Szilagysomlyo), Transylvania. … At Auschwitz, Iudit and Lia suffered the infamous medical experiments of Josef Mengele. The twins always stayed close together. Every night, their mother would sneak into their block and give them her meager portion of bread.”

“The Weimar Republic and the Third Reich.” Wesleyan University. Web. 13 Mar. 2012. <>. A German timeline from 1918 to 1945.

Wiessen, S. Jonathan. “German Industry and the Third Reich: Fifty Years of Forgetting and Remembering.” Dimensions: A Journal of Holocaust Studies. Anti-Defmation League’s Braun Holocaust Institute. Web. 20 Mar. 2012. <>. “The great majority of German businessmen behaved in a decidedly unheroic manner during the Nazi era. Most of them, especially leaders of larger companies, not only refrained from risking their lives to save Jews, but actually profited from the use of forced and slave labor, the ‘Aryanization’ of Jewish property, and the plundering of companies in Nazi-occupied Europe.”

Wilde, Robert. “Top 9 Best World War 2 Films – Other Regions.” European History. Web. 16 Mar. 2012. <>. “There was much more to World War Two in Europe than the Western and Eastern Fronts … and these are films based elsewhere: at sea, in Germany and in numerous other regions.”