World War II Documents

“Buchenwald Concentration Camp Prisoner Data Card for Symcho Dymant”

“Universal education is the most corroding and disintegrating poison that liberalism has ever invented for its own destruction.” Adolf Hitler

Atrocities and Other Conditions in Concentration Camps in Germany. Document No. 47, 79th Congress, 1st Session. Washington: United States Government Printing Office, 1945. Web. 23 Mar. 2012. “Report of the Committee Requested by Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower through the Chief of Staff, Gen. George C. Marshall to the Congress of the United States Relative to Atrocities and Other Conditions in Concentration Camps in Germany.”

“Avalon Project – The International Military Tribunal for Germany.” Avalon Project. Yale University Law School, 2008. Web. 28 Mar. 2012. <http://avalon.law.yale.edu/subject_menus/imt.asp>. The International Military Tribunal for Germany Contents of The Nuremberg Trials Collection.

“Avalon Project – World War II : Documents.” Avalon Project. Avalon.law.yale.edu, 2008. Web. 28 Mar. 2012. <http://avalon.law.yale.edu/subject_menus/wwii.asp>.

“Documents on Nazism, 1919-1945 (Book Review).” Rev. of Documents on Nazism, 1919-45, by Jeremy Noakes. International Affairs 51.2 (1975): 263+. EBSCOhost. Web. 21 May 2011. “The book is divided into six parts: the Rise of Nazism, the Seizure of power, the Political Structure of the The Reich, the New Social Order, Idea and Reality, Foreign Policy 1933-39, and Germany at War 1939-45.”

“Documents of the Holocaust – Germany and Austria.” Yadvashem.org. Yad Vashem: The Holocaust Martyrs’ and Heroes’ Remembrance Authority, 2011. Web. 28 Mar. 2012. <http://www1.yadvashem.org/about_holocaust/documents/part_one.html>. Part I contains primary source documents regarding the Holocaust in Germany and Austria. Poland and the Soviet Union are included in Parts I and II.

“Documents on Nazism, 1919-1945 (Book Review).” Rev. of Documents on Nazism, 1919-45, by Jeremy Noakes. International Affairs 51.2 (1975): 263+. EBSCOhost. Web. 21 May 2011. “The book is divided into six parts: the Rise of Nazism, the Seizure of power, the Political Structure of the The Reich, the New Social Order, Idea and Reality, Foreign Policy 1933-39, and Germany at War 1939-45.”

“Documents Related to World War II.” Documents Related to World War II. Mount Holyoke College, n.d. Web. 22 June 2012. <http://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/ww2.htm>.
64 pages of World War II documents chronologically. A great find!

Dodd, William E. “1935 Letter from William E. Dodd to FDR about William Randolph Hearst.” Letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt. 20 Mar. 1935. Rationalrevolution.com. Web. 24 Mar. 2012. <http://rationalrevolution.net/war/1935_letter_from_william_e.htm>. William E. Dodd is writing to the president to give “an exact narrative of the conversation I had on March 15 with Karl von Wiegand, for more than 25 years principal correspondent of the International News Service in Central Europe.”

“Germany: National Socialism and World War II.” – EuroDocs. 29 Dec. 2011. Web. 28 Mar. 2012. <http://eudocs.lib.byu.edu/index.php/Germany:_National_Socialism_and_World_War_II>. Primary documents from Nazi Germany.

Himmler, Heinrich. “The Complete Text of the Poznan Speech.” Speech. Secret Speech to OSS Officers. Poznan, Poland. 4 Oct. 1943. Holocaust-history.org. Holocaust History Project, 4 Mar. 2004. Web. 24 Mar. 2012. <http://holocaust-history.org/himmler-poznan/speech-text.shtml>. “Himmler is finishing talking about weapons factories. He is about to remind his officers of the loyalty he expects in their extermination of the Jews.”

“Holocaust Documents.” A Teacher’s Guide to the Holocaust. Florida Center for Instructional Technology. Web. 30 Mar. 2012. <http://fcit.usf.edu/holocaust/resource/document/document.htm>. “Many educators appreciate the value of using primary source materials in the classroom. The documents selected for this section provide many possibilities for classroom discussion or student activities.”

The Jaeger Report: A Chronicle of Nazi Mass Murder: One Unit, One Area, Five Months – and 137,000 Victims. Rep. Holocaust History Project. Holocaust-history. Web. 24 Mar. 2012. <http://www.holocaust-history.org/works/jaeger-report/htm/intro000.htm>. “Among all Nazi documents detailing dastardly acts of mass murder and other atrocities, the ‘Jaeger Report’ is one of the most horrifying. After his arrest by the German Police, the former SS-Standartenfuehrer Karl Jaeger defended himself by stating: ‘I was always a person with a heightened sense of duty.’”

“News Directive on Reporting the Concentration Camps.” BBC News Archive. BBC. Web. 23 Mar. 2012. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/archive/holocaust/5133.shtml>. 19th April 1945. From the Director of European News Department. “There has never been a greater opportunity than there is now to reveal to the the world the essential truth about Nazism — Buchenwald and Belson.”

Operation Reinhard Secrecy Oath. 18 July 1942. Participants in Operation Reinhard had to swear an oath of secrecy. The oath is reproduced and translated. “Signed Obligation by SS Men Taking Part In an Extermination Operation To Observe Secrecy July 18, 1942.” http://holocaust-history.org/operation-reinhard/reinhard-oath.shtml

Rauff, Walter. “…ninety-seven Thousand Have Been Processed…” Letter to Walter Just. 5 June 1942. The Holocaust History Project. WWW.holocaust-history.org. Web. 24 Mar. 2012. <http://www.holocaust-history.org/19420605-rauff-spezialwagen/>. “This letter, sent by Willy Just to Walter Rauff on June 5, 1942, describes in great detail the “Spezialwagen” (special vans) and their operation in the gassing murders of thousands.”

Some Documents Relevant to Germany’s Invasion of Poland and Response to Great Britain’s Ultimatum. Rep. Wiretap.area.com. Web. 23 Mar. 2012. <http://wiretap.area.com/Gopher/Gov/US-History/WWII/german.39>. Documents include proclamations and an address by Adolf Hitler, and communication from the German Government to the British Government.

United States. Cong. Committee on Foreign Affairs. Punishment of War Criminals. By Samuel Rajzman. 79th Cong., 1st sess. Cong. Rept. Washington, DC: GPO, 1945. Holocuast-History.org. Holocaust History Project, 10 Mar. 2009. Web. 24 Mar. 2012. <http://holocaust-history.org/operation-reinhard/uprising-in-treblinka.shtml>. Samuel Rajzman is one of the very few survivors of the Treblinka death camp – he was lucky enough to escape. The testimony he gave, more than 60 years ago, is still important to understand the enormity of the crimes committed in that death camp and in the Final Solution. Before the war he was employed in the Miedzyrzecki Overseas Import & Export Company in Warsaw. His account, given before the American House Committee on Foreign Affairs in 1945, follows.

Wetzel, Dr. Erhard. “Vergasungsapparate” – “Gassing Devices.” Letter to Heinrich Lohse. Reich Commissar for the East. 25 Oct. 1941. The Holocaust History Project. Holocaust-history.org. Web. 24 Mar. 2012. <http://www.holocaust-history.org/19411025-wetzel-no365/>. “This letter, marked Secret, is thus one of the important links in the chain leading directly from the murder by gas of mentally and physically handicapped German citizens to the murder by gas of Jews behind the Eastern Front. It is especially valuable because, unlike most communications regarding the Final Solution, it refers to gassing using that word, rather than a euphemism.”

Wiesenthal Center Annual Report Points to Lack of Political Will and Holocaust Distortion as Major Obstacles to Prosecution of Nazi War Criminals; Praises Hungary for Indictment of Dr. Sandor Kepiro; Three New Names on Center’s “Most Wanted”. Rep. Wiesenthal Center. Wiesenthal.com. Web. 23 Mar. 2012. <http://www.wiesenthal.com/site/apps/nlnet/content2.aspx?c=lsKWLbPJLnF&b=4441467&ct=9378529&printmode=1>. “Jerusalem – The Simon Wiesenthal Center today released the initial findings of its tenth Annual Status Report on the Worldwide Investigation and Prosecution of Nazi War Criminals, which covers the period from April 1, 2010 until March 31, 2011 and awarded grades ranging from A (highest) to F to evaluate the efforts and results achieved by more than three dozen countries which were either the site of Nazi crimes or admitted Holocaust perpetrators after World War II.”

Addendum #1

“General Roll Call of NSDAP in Berlin” 


“What good fortune for governments that the people do not think.” Adolf Hitler

 

Anderson, Anthony. “A Forgotten Chapter: Holland Under the Third Reich.” Lecture. University of Southern California. University of Southern California, 18 Nov. 1996. Web. 25 Mar. 2012. <http://www-lib.usc.edu/~anthonya/war/main.htm>. “The German Occupation was to have many lasting effects both in Holland and how the Dutch were to see the world. One major consequence was the decision to abandon their traditional neutrality and to work more actively in world affairs. Holland became a charter member of both the United Nations and NATO.”

“Anti-jewish Law Creates Embittered Jobless Class in Hungary.” JTA Jewish News Archive. JTA, 7 May 1940. Web. 26 Mar. 2012. <http://archive.jta.org/article/1940/05/07/2850738/antijewish-law-creates-embittered-jobless-class-in-hungary>. “[T]hanks to the Jewish law, several thousand equally intelligent, equally capable young Hungarian Jews can’t even get a job sweeping streets. That is the real tragedy of Hungary’s anti-Semitic legislation”

Arhein, Jaime. “”It Was Not as Simple as It Seems”: Collaboration, Petainism, and Resistance in Vichy France.” The Journal of Undergraduate Research, University of Notre Dame (2008-2009). Print. Pdf at http://www.nd.edu/~ujournal/archive/08-09/print/. “[Vichy] France was not merely territorially divided. French citizens were also ideologically and politically divided between collaboration with and resistance to the new Vichy regime. To understand the ways in which the French split in their reactions to Vichy, it is first essential to define the labels being applied to them.”

Baranowski, Shelley. Nazi Empire: German Colonialism and Imperialism from Bismarck to Hitler. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2011. Print. “This book, a synthesis that draws primarily upon the findings of recent scholarship, argues that Germany offers an example of a less-appreciated ‘tension of empire,’ the aspiration to imperialist expansion and the simultaneous fear of dissolution at the hands of its imperialist rivals.”

Barnett, Victoria J. “The Role of the Churches: Compliance and Confrontation.” Dimensions: A Journal of Holocaust Studies 12.2 (1998). ADL: Fighting Anti-Semitism, Bigotry and Extremism. Anti-Defamation League, 2000. Web. 21 Mar. 2012. <http://www.adl.org/braun/dim_14_1_role_church.asp>. “[I]t has become abundantly clear that [the Churches'] failure to respond to the horrid events … was not due to ignorance; they knew what was happening. Ultimately, the Churches’ lapses during the Nazi era were lapses of vision and determination.”

Becker, Howard Paul. German Youth; Bond or Free,. London: K. Paul, Trench, Trubner., 1946. Print. “No one can understand the rise of the German youth movement, its unhappy fate, and its uncertain future, unless he succeeds in projecting himself, however imperfectly, into the myth-inspired minds of the boys and girls, men and women, who strove to realize what they held to be an ideal Germany.”

Breitman, Richard. Official Secrets: What the Nazis Planned, What the British and Americans Knew. New York: Hill and Wang, 1998. Print. “When did Great Britain and the United States learn of the monstrous events that we today call the Holocaust? When and how did Nazi leader plan to destroy the Jewish people? An what were the attitudes and participation of ordinary Germans in these activities?”

Burleigh, Michael. The Third Reich: A New History. London: Macmillan, 2000. Print. “There is no better interpretative history of the period, nor is there likely to be one soon. His mastery of the sources, old as well as very recent, is remarkable, his judgment is sound, and the narrative could not be bettered.”

Cohen, Debra N. “Analysis: Response to Vatican Paper; Open the Holocaust Archives.” JTA: Jewish News Archive. Jewish Telegraphic Agemcy, 17 Mar. 1998. Web. 13 Mar. 2012. <http://archive.jta.org/article/1998/03/17/2888504/analysis-response-to-vatican-paper-open-the-holocaust-archives>. “A long-awaited Vatican document addressing its role in the Holocaust is being greeted with nearly universal dismay and anger by Jewish experts on Catholic-Jewish relations.”

Dunstan, Simon, and Gerrard Williams. Grey Wolf: The Escape of Adolf Hitler : The Case Presented. New York: Sterling, 2011. Print. “Did Hitler–Code Name “Grey Wolf”–Really Die In 1945? Gripping New Evidence Shows What Could Have Happened … When Truman asked Stalin in 1945 whether Hitler was dead, Stalin replied bluntly, “No.” As late as 1952, Eisenhower declared: “We have been unable to unearth one bit of tangible evidence of Hitler’s death. What really happened.”

“From the Holocaust to the Secret Service: Michael Maor”. Online Torchlighter Film Archive. Yadvashem. Web. 08 Apr. 2012. <http://www1.yadvashem.org/yv/en/remembrance/torchlighters.asp#1!prettyphoto/0/>. Michael Maor recounts his experience, as a child, fleeing from German soldiers and his work in the Massod.

“German Deportation Ships Sabotaged in Denmark; Mass-arrests of Jews Continue.” JTA Jewish News Archive. JTA, 5 Oct. 1943. Web. 26 Mar. 2012. <http://archive.jta.org/article/1943/10/05/2860884/german-deportation-ships-sabotaged-in-denmark-massarrests-of-jews-continue>. “Two large German vessels were damaged last night in Copenhagen harbor while they were being prepared to transport Danish Jews to Germany, it was reported by the Swedish radio today. The broadcast also stated that clashes have broken out between Danish non-Jews and German police at Hellerup, north of Copenhagen, as a result of protests by the population against the Nazi round-up of Jews which is continuing throughout Denmark.”

Hitler, Adolf, and Ralph Manheim. Mein Kampf. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1943. Print. Hitler’s political program, regarded inside Germany as the bible of National Socialism. It was an accurate blueprint of what Hitler intended to do.

“Hitler Proclaims Austria’s Inclusion in Reich; Jews Lose Citizenship.” JTA: Jewish News Archive. Jewish Telegraphic Agency, 16 Mar. 1938. Web. 13 Mar. 2012. <http://archive.jta.org/article/1938/03/16/2841444/hitler-proclaims-austrias-inclusion-in-reich-jews-lose-citizenship>. “Chancellor Adolf Hitler today formally proclaimed the incorporation of Austria into the Nazi Reich and told cheering thousands in this ancient Austrian capital that their nation would be transformed into a “National Socialist fortress.”

“Hitler’s Policy to Exterminate the Jews Emphasized in New Campaign by Nazi Press.” JTA Jewish News Archive. Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Web. 28 Mar. 2012. <http://archive.jta.org/article/1941/12/04/2855964/hitlers-policy-to-exterminate-the-jews-emphasized-in-new-campaign-by-nazi-press>. “December 4, 1941. Led by the Voelkischer Beobachter, Hitler’s personal organ, the Nazi press throughout Germany today started a campaign to impress the German population with the fact that ‘it is the Fuehrer’r policy to exterminate the Jews by whatever means possible.’”

“Holocaust Encyclopedia: Third Reich.” United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Web. 13 Mar. 2012. <http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007331>. “Both inside and outside Germany, the term “Third Reich” was often used to describe the Nazi regime in Germany from January 30, 1933, to May 8, 1945.”

“Holocaust Survivor and Israeli Combat Officer: Meir Brand.” Online Torchlighter Film Archive. Vadyashem. Web. 08 Apr. 2012. <http://www1.yadvashem.org/yv/en/remembrance/torchlighters.asp>. A young Jew, rescued by a young women in the Zionist underground, describes his heartbreaking and incredible life including his years as an Israel combat officer.

“Holocaust Survivor Remembers Fallen Survivor-Soldiers: Yehuda Szternfeld.” YouTube. Web. 8 Apr. 2012. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?NR=1&feature=endscreen&v=y3mYzrkGOCI>. “After the war, Yehuda, the only surviving member of his family, immigrated to Palestine. In 1998 Yehuda launched an initiative to commemorate Holocaust survivors who fell in Israel’s War of Independence.”

Holocaust-History.org. The Holocaust History Project. Web. 24 Mar. 2012. <http://holocaust-history.org/>. “The Holocaust History Project is a free archive of documents, photographs, recordings, videos and essays regarding the Holocaust, including direct refutation of Holocaust-denial.”

Kershaw, Ian. The End: The Defiance and Destruction of Hitler’s Germany, 1944-1945. New York: Penguin, 2011. Print. “The Third Reich did not surrender until Germany had been left in ruins and almost completely occupied. Even in the near-apocalyptic final months, when the war was plainly lost, the Nazis refused to sue for peace. Historically, this is extremely rare.”

Kogon, Eugen, Hermann Langbein, and Adalbert Rückerl. Nazi Mass Murder: A Documentary History of the Use of Poison Gas. New Haven: Yale UP, 1994. Print. “This book is an essential tool in debunking Holocaust-denial.”

Larson, Erik. In the Garden of Beasts: Love, Terror, and an American Family in Hitler’s Berlin. New York: Crown, 2011. Print. “The time is 1933, the place, Berlin, when William E. Dodd becomes America’s first ambassador to Hitler’s Germany in a year that proved to be a turning point in history.”

McDonough, Frank. Hitler and Nazi Germany. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge UP, 1999. Print. “By isolating key problems areas within current historical debates and by including a selection of primary source documents, this book provides a stimulating, authoritative and balanced introduction to the study of Hitler and Nazi Germany.”

McFee, Gordon. “In the Nazis’ Words.”4 Apr. 2004. Web. 6 Apr. 2012. <http://www.holocaust-history.org/nazis-words/>. “This collection of quotations by Nazi leaders speaks for itself. The common thread running through all of these quotations is the annihilation of the Jews. All quotations are from Nazi documents, books or speeches, and the German original has in most cases been provided.”

Moorehead, Caroline. A Train in Winter: An Extraordinary Story of Women, Friendship, and Resistance in Occupied France. New York: HarperCollins, 2011. Print. In occupied France the Gestapo hunted down 230 disparate women who had one thing in common–they were engaged in resistant activities. The women turned to one other and “found solace and strength in their deep affection camaraderie.”

“Noemi Shadmi.” Online Torchlighter Film Archive. Yadvashem. Web. 08 Apr. 2012. <http://www1.yadvashem.org/yv/en/remembrance/torchlighters.asp>. A Holocaust survivor who became an officer in the Israel Defense Forces remembers her sad life in Nazi concentration camps.

Online Torchlighter Film Archive. Yadvashem. Web. 8 Apr. 2012. <http://www1.yadvashem.org/yv/en/remembrance/torchlighters.asp#!prettyPhoto>. “Each year, during the official Holocaust Martyrs’ and Heroes’ Remembrance Day ceremony that takes place at Yad Vashem, six torches, representing the six million Jews, are lit by Holocaust survivors. Since 1995 short films depicting the stories of the survivors are shown as each torch is lit. All of these films, containing documentary footage and video testimony, can be accessed (by name, date, country, or year of ceremony) in the Online Torchlighter Film Archive.”

“Ostfront 1944 Deutsch Wochenschau. Deutsche Wochenschau, 1945.” YouTube. Web. 28 Mar. 2012. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tCewEYCPHow>. “German troops defend the homeland during the war’s final months. … German refugees flee westwards.”
Pressac, Jean-Claude. Auschwitz: Technique and Operation of the Gas Chambers. New York, NY: Beate Klarsfeld Foundation, 1989. Print.”Pressac’s analysis is at once exhaustive and convincing. It is based on primary documents and testimonies, original architectural plans, photographs, drawings, worksheets, and schematics.”

Reich, Simon. “The Ford Motor Company and The Third Reich.” Dimensions: A Journal of Holocaust Studies 13.2. Anti-Defamation League. Web. 21 Mar. 2012. <http://www.adl.org/braun/dim_13_2_ford.asp>. “[Ford's German subsidiary] remained an isolated and marginalized business, despite Hitler’s personal admiration for the anti-Semitism of Henry Ford and the mass production techniques Ford had made famous.”

Rosenberg, Jennifer. “Gypsies and The Holocaust.” About.com 20th Century History. About.com. Web. 16 Mar. 2012. <http://history1900s.about.com/od/holocaust/a/gypsies.htm>. “The Gypsies of Europe were registered, sterilized, ghettoized, and then deported to concentration and death camps by the Nazis. Approximately 250,000 to 500,000 Gypsies were murdered during the Holocaust – an event they call the Porajmos (the ‘Devouring’).”

Rosenberg, Jennifer. “Wannsee Conference.” About.com 20th Century History. About.com. Web. 16 Mar. 2012. <http://history1900s.about.com/od/holocaust/a/wannsee.htm>. “On November 29, 1941, Reinhard Heydrich sent out invitations to a “Final Solution” conference. Although the decision to kill the Jews had already been made, Heydrich realized that there were several impediments to carrying out this policy; he hoped to eliminate these at this conference.”

Seidelman, William E. “Medicine and Murder in the Third Reich.” Dimensions: A Journal of Holocaust Studies 13.1 (1999). Anti-Defamation League. Web. 21 Mar. 2012. <http://www.adl.org/braun/dim_13_1_med_murder.asp>. “Every captive of the Nazi state was considered to be a potential subject for inhuman research. Helpless victims, the inmates of psychiatric hospitals and concentration camps, were available for exploitation while alive.”

Shirer, William L. The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich; a History of Nazi Germany. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1960. Print. The classic history and commentary on the Third Reich.

“Shoah.” Dir. Claude Lanzmann. Parafrance, 1985. Film. “When ‘Shoah’ was released, 1985, it was instantly historic. The nine-and-a-half hour film about the German death camps in Poland is composed mainly of interviews with Jews who survived them, Germans who helped run them, and Poles who lived alongside them.”

Speer, Albert. Inside the Third Reich: Memoirs. New York: Galahad, 1995. Print. “In this fascinating book, Speer takes a brutally honest look at his role in the war effort, and gives us as complete a view as we are likely to get of the inside of the Nazi state.”

“Surviving the Holocaust: Yaakov Hollander’s Story.” Yadvashem, 24 Apr. 2008. Web. 08 Apr. 2012. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1PHPd67kYp0>. “Deported from his home and eventually crammed into the Krakow ghetto, Ya’akov passed through twelve different concentration camps during the Holocaust. … Despite all of the horror he faced as a child, through the help of music, Yaakov has managed to remain an optimistic person.”

“Surviving the Holocaust: Zanne Farbstein.”  Yadshem: Online Torchlighter Film Archive. Yadvashem. Web. 08 Apr. 2012. <http://www1.yadvashem.org/yv/en/remembrance/torchlighters.asp>. Zanne Farbstein recounts her horrible days in Nazi concentration camps.

“Third Reich: An Overview.” United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Web. 13 Mar. 2012. <http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005141>. “The Nazi rise to power brought an end to the Weimar Republic, a parliamentary democracy established in Germany after World War I. Following the appointment of Adolf Hitler as chancellor on January 30, 1933, the Nazi state (also referred to as the Third Reich) quickly became a regime in which Germans enjoyed no guaranteed basic rights.”

“Twin Holocaust Survivors Describe Arriving at Auschwitz.”  Yadvashem. Web. 8 Apr. 2012. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MWJyjAYyF8E&feature=endscreen&NR=1>. “Identical twin sisters Iudit Barnea and Lia Huber (nées Tchengar) were born in 1937 in the town of Şimleul Silvaniei (Szilagysomlyo), Transylvania. … At Auschwitz, Iudit and Lia suffered the infamous medical experiments of Josef Mengele. The twins always stayed close together. Every night, their mother would sneak into their block and give them her meager portion of bread.”

“The Weimar Republic and the Third Reich.” Wesleyan University. Web. 13 Mar. 2012. <http://dmorgan.web.wesleyan.edu/materials/weimar.htm>. A German timeline from 1918 to 1945.

Wiessen, S. Jonathan. “German Industry and the Third Reich: Fifty Years of Forgetting and Remembering.” Dimensions: A Journal of Holocaust Studies. Anti-Defmation League’s Braun Holocaust Institute. Web. 20 Mar. 2012. <http://www.adl.org/braun/dim_13_2_forgetting.asp>. “The great majority of German businessmen behaved in a decidedly unheroic manner during the Nazi era. Most of them, especially leaders of larger companies, not only refrained from risking their lives to save Jews, but actually profited from the use of forced and slave labor, the ‘Aryanization’ of Jewish property, and the plundering of companies in Nazi-occupied Europe.”

Wilde, Robert. “Top 9 Best World War 2 Films – Other Regions.” About.com European History. Web. 16 Mar. 2012. <http://europeanhistory.about.com/od/dvdandfilmresources/tp/aatpww2dvdof.htm>. “There was much more to World War Two in Europe than the Western and Eastern Fronts … and these are films based elsewhere: at sea, in Germany and in numerous other regions.”

 

Fiction, Nazi Germany

     

“The day of individual happiness has passed.” Adolf Hitler

 

Author Philip Kerr does an enormous amount of research for his historical World War II era novels. His original “Berlin Noir” trilogy has stretched to eight novels. The series jumps back and forth in time. Louisville’s Courier Journal says: “There is also the history lesson. The accuracy and detail of time and place are exquisite –things such as slang, power relationships, views of everyday life–are deftly and unobtrusively worked into the narrative.” April 21, 2012.  Rebecca Cantrell is also a Nazi novel author who strives for accuracy. Start one of these books: you will be hooked.

Auslander, Shalom. Hope: A Tragedy. New York: Riverhead, 2012. Print. “The critically acclaimed writer Shalom Auslander’s debut novel is a hilarious and disquieting examination of the burdens and abuse of history, propelled with unstoppable rhythm and filled with existential musings and mordant wit. It is a comic and compelling story of the hopeless longing to be free of those pasts that haunt our every present.”

Begley, Louis. Wartime Lies. New York: Knopf, 1991. Print. “As the world slips into the throes of war in 1939, young Maciek’s once closetted existence outside Warsaw is no more. When Warsaw falls, Maciek escapes with his aunt Tania. Together they endure the war, running, hiding, changing their names, forging documents to secure their temporary lives—as the insistent drum of the Nazi march moves ever closer to them and to their secret wartime lies.”

Blake, Richard A. “While Warsaw Burns.” America Magazine. 24 Mar. 2003. Web. 19 Feb. 2013. <http://americamagazine.org/issue/427/film-review/while-warsaw-burns>. The film “The Pianist,” directed by Roman Planski, is reviewed. “The Pianist sets these questions in the context of the Holocaust. As director, Roman Polanski brings a fearful authenticity to the film. A Jewish child in Crakow, he could observe the frantic efforts to preserve humanity under the Nazis. In the best of his earlier work, such as ‘Rosemary’s Baby’ (1968) and ‘Chinatown’ (1974), he probed the effects of evil on those powerless to resist. Now at age 70, he has dared to lift the scab and drain the source of the infection.”

Byrd, Max. “‘Mission to Paris,’ by Alan Furst.”  The New York Times, 24 June 2012. Web. 02 July 2012. <http://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/24/books/review/mission-to-paris-by-alan-furst.html>. “’Mission to Paris’ is the 12th of his enormously successful historical spy novels, and one of the best. Its protagonist, the Austrian-born American actor Fredric Stahl, is, like most of Furst’s heroes, in his early 40s, stoic, resourceful, quietly sympathetic. In his films Stahl plays ‘a warm man in a cold world.’ And he has come to Paris in the autumn of 1938 not on a mission but simply to make a movie. Soon enough, though, as the wheels and gears of the plot engage, he stumbles into the clutches of Nazi conspirators who want to exploit his celebrity for pro-­German propaganda.”

Cantrell, Rebecca. A Game of Lies. New York: Forge, 2011. Print. Hannah Vogel, “posing as travel reporter Adelheid Zinsli and lover of SS officer, … has been collecting Nazi secrets from Lang and smuggling them back to Switzerland.”

Cantrell, Rebecca. A Night of Long Knives. New York: Forge, 2010. Print. “Journalist Hannah Vogel has vowed to never again set foot in her homeland of Germany while the Nazis are still in power.”

Cantrell, Rebecca. A Trace of Smoke. New York: Forge, 2009. Print. “Even though hardened crime reporter Hannah Vogel knows all too well how tough it is to survive in 1931 Berlin, she is devastated when she sees a photograph of her brother’s body in the Hall of the Unnamed Dead.”

Cavanaugh, Jack. His Watchful Eye. Minneapolis, MN: Bethany House, 2002. Print. “The thrilling sequel to the Christy-award winning ‘While Mortals Sleep.’ Konrad Reichmann, an outstanding product of Hitler’s youth movement, becomes disillusioned as the reality of the Russian front bears no resemblance to the ‘glory’ of the Third Reich.”

Cavanaugh, Jack. While Mortals Sleep. Minneapolis, MN: Bethany House, 2001. Print. “In the first installment of the “Songs in the Night” series, Josef Schumacher, pastor of a small church on the outskirts of Berlin, is infuriated when a Nazi youth rally pulls the teens away from church services.”

Dietrich, William. Blood of the Reich: A Novel. New York, NY: Harper, 2011. Print. “On the eve of World War II, explorer Kurt Raider receives an order from Reichsfuhrer-SS Heinrich Himmler to set out from Berlin in search of a legendary energy source hidden among the mountains of Tibet–one that could bring victory to the Nazis.”

Doughty, Louise. Fires in the Dark. New York: HarperCollins, 2004. Print. “Fires In the Dark reveals the highly secretive and misunderstood world of the coppersmith gypsies. In 1927, when prosperity still reigns in Central Europe.”

Fallada, Hans, and Michael Hofmann. Every Man Dies Alone. Brooklyn, NY: Melville House, 2009. Print. “This never-before-translated masterpiece–by a heroic best-selling writer who saw his life crumble when he wouldn’t join the Nazi Party–is based on a true story.”

Friedman, Daniel. Don’t Ever Get Old. New York: Minotaur, 2012. Print. This mystery is the story of Baruch “Buck” Schatz, an 88-year-old. “Called to the deathbed of Jim Wallace, a fellow survivor of the POW death camp in Chelmno, Poland, Buck learns that Heinrich Ziegler, the sadistic guard who enjoyed tormenting Jewish prisoners, did not die at the end of the war as Buck believed, but escaped with a trunk load of Nazi gold.”

Furst, Alan. Dark Star: A Novel. New York: Random House Trade Paperbacks, 2002. Print. “Paris, Moscow, Berlin, and Prague, 1937. In the back alleys of nighttime Europe, war is already under way. André Szara, survivor of the Polish pogroms and the Russian civil wars and a foreign correspondent for Pravda, is co-opted by the NKVD, the Soviet secret intelligence service, and becomes a full-time spymaster in Paris.”

Furst, Alan. The Foreign Correspondent: A Novel. New York: Random House, 2006. Print. “From Alan Furst, whom The New York Times calls ‘America’s preeminent spy novelist,’ comes an epic story of romantic love, love of country, and love of freedom-the story of a secret war fought in elegant hotel bars and first-class railway cars, in the mountains of Spain and the backstreets of Berlin. It is an inspiring, thrilling saga of everyday people forced by their hearts’ passion to fight in the war against tyranny.”

Furst, Alan. Kingdom of Shadows: A Novel. New York: Random House, 2001. Print. “In spymaster Alan Furst’s most electrifying thriller to date, Hungarian aristocrat Nicholas Morath–a hugely charismatic hero–becomes embroiled in a daring and perilous effort to halt the Nazi war machine in eastern Europe.”

Furst, Alan. Night Soldiers: A Novel. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1988. Print. “‘Night Soldiers’ masterfully re-creates the European world of 1934-45: the struggle between Nazi Germany and Soviet Russia for Eastern Europe, the last desperate gaiety of the beau monde in 1937 Paris, and guerrilla operations with the French underground in 1944. ‘Night Soldiers’ is a scrupulously researched panoramic novel, a work on a grand scale.”

Furst, Alan. The Polish Officer: A Novel. New York: Random House, 1995. Print. “Capt. Alexander de Milja is a chameleon. A cartographer by profession, de Milja works as an intelligence officer in the Polish underground at the outset of World War II. When the Germans discover de Milja’s identity in Poland, he goes to France and later Russia to continue his work.”

Furst, Alan. Red Gold: A Novel. New York: Random House, 1999. Print. “In World War II, a French film director working for the Vichy resistance has to smuggle a large shipment of arms under the nose of the Nazis. The guns are the price the Communists demand for cooperation with the resistance.”

Furst, Alan. Spies of the Balkans: A Novel. New York: Random House, 2010. Print. “As war approaches northern Greece, the spies begin to circle–from the Turkish legation to the German secret service. In the ancient port of Salonika, Costa Zannis, a senior police official, head of an office that handles special ‘political’ cases, risks everything to secure an escape route for those hunted by the Gestapo.”

Furst, Alan. The Spies of Warsaw: A Novel. New York: Random House, 2008. Print. “In 1937 Warsaw, on the eve of World War II, intelligence operatives on both sides of the forthcoming struggle wage their own espionage battle in a world of betrayal, intrigue, and abduction.”

Glazener, Mary. The Cup of Wrath: A Novel Based on Dietrich Bonhoeffer’s Resistance to Hitler. Savannah, GA: F.C. Beil, 1992. Print. “Discover the dedication, humanity, and intrigue of Dietrich Bonhoeffer, a young German pastor and theologian who was executed by the Nazis at age 39 for his part in the ‘Officers’ Plot.”

Gondelman, Jonathan. “Life Goes On.” Jewish Ideas Daily. 4 Feb. 2013. Web. 15 June 2013. <http://www.jewishideasdaily.com/5885/features/life-goes-on/>. “There is a story behind the recent publication of Hans Keilson’s ‘Life Goes On’. It was the Jewish author’s first novel, based on his youth and early adulthood in Depression-era Germany. When the book was published in 1933, Keilson was just 23 years old and finishing medical school. A year later the Nazi Party banned the book and forbade him to practice medicine. In 1936, a year after the passage of the Nuremberg Laws, Keilson left Germany for the Netherlands, where he lived under a false name and established a pediatric practice. When the Germans occupied the Netherlands, he joined the Resistance and traveled around the country treating Jewish children who were separated from their parents and living underground. He wrote two more novels, ‘Death of the Adversary’ and ‘Comedy in a Minor Key’, both about the war.”

Herman, David. “The Origin of Violence.” The Origin of Violence. 02 Apr. 2012. Web. 04 Dec. 2012. <http://www.thejc.com/print/66000>. “In the past few years there has been a wave of acclaimed French novels about Vichy and the Holocaust – Irène Némirovsky’s Suite Française, Jonathan Littell’s The Kindly Ones, Tatiana de Rosnay’s Sarah’s Key and now Fabrice Humbert’s The Origin of Violence, winner of the first-ever French Orange Prize.”

“The Holocaust.” Mitchell.libguides. Mitchell College. Web. 04 May 2013. <http://mitchell.libguides.com/content.php?pid=220805>. A list of books covering the Holocaust.

Jenoff, Pam. The Kommandant’s Girl. Ontario, Canada: Mira, 2007. Print. “Set in a time when loyalties were tested and no one could be trusted, [the author] … faithfully explores the timeless theme of hope, struggle and defiance in the face of overwhelming odds.”

Kerr, Philip. A German Requiem. London, England: Viking, 1991. Print. “In ‘A German Requiem,’ the private eye has survived the collapse of the Third Reich to find himself in Vienna. Amid decaying imperial splendor, he traces concentric circles of evil and uncovers a legacy that makes the wartime atrocities seem lily-white in comparison.”

Kerr, Philip. A Quiet Flame. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 2009. Print. “A Quiet Flame opens in 1950. Falsely fingered a war criminal, Bernie Gunther has booked passage to Buenos Aires, lured, like the Nazis whose company he has always despised, by promises of a new life and a clean passport from the Perón government.”

Kerr, Philip. Field Gray. New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 2011. Print. “In a historical suspense novel, chain-smoking, hard-drinking Bernie Gunther moves from riot-torn Berlin in 1931 to Adenauer’s Germany in 1954–with a stop at a Russian prisoner-of-war camp along the way.”

Kerr, Philip. Hitler’s Peace: A Novel of the Second World War. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 2005. Print. “A stunning World War II ‘what if’ thriller in which the fate of Europe-and of its remaining 3 million Jews-hangs in the balance.”

Kerr, Philip. If the Dead Not Rise. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 2010. Print. “Berlin, 1934: The Nazis have secured the 1936 Olympiad for the city but are facing foreign resistance.”

Kerr, Philip. March Violets. London, England: Viking, 1989. Print. “March Violets introduces readers to Bernie Gunther, an ex-policeman who thought he’d seen everything on the streets of 1930s Berlin-until he turned freelance and each case he tackled sucked him further into the grisly excesses of Nazi subculture.”

Kerr, Philip. The One from the Other. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 2006. Print. “Working as a private detective in Munich in 1949, Bernie Gunther copes with the chaos of postwar Germany when a woman hires him to find out the fate of her missing husband, a war criminal whose death she wants to confirm.”

Kerr, Philip. The Pale Criminal. London, England: Viking, 1990. Print. “The Pale Criminal brings back Bernie Gunther, an ex-policeman who thought he’d seen everything on the streets of 1930s Berlin-until he turned freelance and each case he tackled sucked him further into the grisly excesses of Nazi subculture.”

Kosinski, Jerzy. The Painted Bird. New York: Grove, 1995. Print. “Kosinski’s story follows a dark-haired, olive-skinned boy, abandoned by his parents during World War II, as he wanders alone from one village to another, sometimes hounded and tortured, only rarely sheltered and cared for. ”

Kuehn, Heinz R. “At the Heart of Nazi Germany.” Rev. of The Cup of Wrath: A Novel Based on Dietrich Bonhoeffer’s Resistance to Hitler. Sewanee Review Summer 1995. MasterFILE Premier. Web. 10 Jan. 2012. A novel about Dietrich Bonhoeffer’s resistance to Hitler.

Némirovsky, Irène, and Sandra Smith. Suite Française. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2006. Print. “Irene Nemirovsky “was a highly successful writer living in Paris, But she was also a Jew, and in 1942 she was arrested and deported to Auschwitz; a month later she was dead at the age of thirty-nine.” “Suite Francaise is a singularly piercing evocation.”

Styron, William. Sophie’s Choice. New York: Random House, 1979. Print. “this complex and ambitious novel opens with Stingo, a young southerner, journeying north in 1947 to become a writer. It leads us into his intellectual and emotional entanglement with his neighbors in a Brooklyn rooming house: Nathan, a tortured, brilliant Jew, and his lover, Sophie, a beautiful Polish woman whose wrist bears the grim tattoo of a concentration camp…and whose past is strewn with death that she alone survived.”

Szeman, Sherri. The Kommandant’s Mistress: A Novel. New York: HarperCollins, 1993. Print. “‘The Kommandant’s Mistress’ focuses on a female inmate of a concentration camp who sexually services the camp Kommandant. The novel is built on the juxtaposition of two narratives, one by the Kommandant and one by his prisoner. The Kommandant imagines that the woman shares his pleasure in the encounter. Other prisoners regard her with envy and disgust, imagining her experience as less harsh than theirs. Her narrative makes clear that the acts that the Kommandant forces her to perform are yet another component of the atrocity inflicted upon the Jews of the camp on the way to their murder.”

Wiseman, Thomas. Children of the Ruins: A Novel. Boston: Little, Brown, 1986. Print. “Wiseman’s seventh novel, a two-part story, focuses on a Cologne youth gang. During World War II particularly such groups of petty delinquents provided a form of resistance to the Nazis.”

Book, DVD Reviews

“Books burned by Nazis.”

“I use emotion for the many and reserve reason for the few.”           Adolf Hitler

 

See other bibliographies for additional reviews.

 

Bethune, Brian. “Why No One Was Able to Kill Hitler.” Rev. of Killing Hitler. Maclean’s 119.17 (2006): 46-48. EBSCOhost. Web. 13 Nov. 2011. Review of the book Killing Hitler, by Roger Morehouse.

“Book: Disobeying Hitler: German Resistance after July 20, 1944.” Rev. of Disobeying Hitler: German Resistance after July 20, 1944. AndrewLownie.co.uk. Andrew Lownie Literary Agency. Web. 5 Dec. 2011. <http://www.andrewlownie.co.uk/authors/randall-hansen/books/disobeying-hitler-german-resistance-after-july-20-1944>. “Disobeying Hitler tells the story of resistance to National Socialism and Hitler after July 20, 1944, the date of Colonel Claus Graf Schenk von Stauffenberg’s failed attempt to kill the dictator. The book explores (i) the extent and nature of German resistance after July 20th and (ii) the effect it had on the course of the war.”

Burrin, Fritz. “Hitler and the Jews: The Genesis of the Holocaust; Anatomy of the Auschwitz Death Camp; Against All Hope: Resistance in the Nazi Concentration Camps. 1938-1945.” Rev. of Hitler and the Jews: The Genesis of the Holocaust; Anatomy of the Auschwitz Death Camp; Against All Hope: Resistance in the Nazi Concentration Camps. 1938-1945. Foreign Affairs 1994th ser. September/October (1994). ForeignAffairs.com. Web. 1994. <http://www.foreignaffairs.com/search/Hitler%20and%20the%20jews>. Review of the three books in the title.

Cline, Austin. “Book Review – Betrayal: German Churches and the Holocaust, Edited by Robert P. Ericksen, Susannah Heschel.” Agnosticism / Atheism – Skepticism & Atheism for Atheists & Agnostics. About.com. Web. 09 Nov. 2011. <http://atheism.about.com/od/bookreviews/fr/Betrayal.htm>. “The Nazis would not have been able to achieve what they did in Germany and Europe without the active assistance of millions of Christians. This, in turn, was achieved in large part by the assistance of German churches: whether through silent acquiescence or active participation, German churches helped make the Nazi control of Germany possible.”

Cline, Austin. “Book Review – Catholic Theologians in Nazi Germany, by Robert A. Krieg.” Agnosticism / Atheism – Skepticism & Atheism for Atheists & Agnostics. About.com. Web. 09 Nov. 2011. <http://atheism.about.com/od/bookreviews/fr/CathTheoNazi.htm>. “The role of Christian theologians in Nazi Germany, including members of the Catholic Church, cannot be underestimated. The cooperation between Catholic leaders and Nazi leaders was conditioned in large part on the writings of Catholic theologians who paved the way for this to happen.”

Cline, Austin. “Book Review – The ‘Hitler Myth’: Image and Reality in the Third Reich, by Ian Kershaw.” Agnosticism / Atheism – Skepticism & Atheism for Atheists & Agnostics. About.com. Web. 09 Nov. 2011. <http://atheism.about.com/od/bookreviews/fr/HitlerMyth.htm>. “Hitler enjoyed more personal popularity in Germany than perhaps any other world leader in history. Many scholars have sought to understand why he was so popular and thus why so many people in a modern, industrialized nation were willing to follow him into madness, barbarism, and self-destruction.”

Cline, Austin. “Book Review – The Holy Reich: Nazi Conceptions of Christianity, 1919-1945, by Richard Steigmann-Gall.” Agnosticism / Atheism – Skepticism & Atheism for Atheists & Agnostics. About.com. Web. 09 Nov. 2011. <http://atheism.about.com/od/bookreviews/fr/HolyReich.htm>. “A popular belief is that Nazism was the polar opposite of Christianity: in Germany, the Nazis planned to eliminate Christian churches while devout Christians opposed the Nazi agenda. Is this perception accurate? No.”

Cline, Austin. “Book Review – The Logic of Evil: The Social Origins of the Nazi Party, 1925-1933, by William Brustein.” Agnosticism / Atheism – Skepticism & Atheism for Atheists & Agnostics. About.com. Web. 09 Nov. 2011. <http://atheism.about.com/od/bookreviews/fr/LogicOfEvil.htm>. “One of the most important questions for historians and sociologists has long been the reasons why so many people willingly, even eagerly, joined or just voted for the Nazi Party in Germany. Many different explanations have been offered, for example German inclinations towards authoritarianism and virulent anti-Semitism.”

Field, Michael. “Morality Played No Part in Hitler Plot.” Letter to Editor. 25 July 1990. Nytimes.com. 7 Aug. 1990. Web. 10 Feb. 2012. <http://www.nytimes.com/1990/08/07/opinion/l-morality-played-no-part-in-hitler-plot-041490.html>. The letter writer is offended by historian Klemens von Klemperer’s attempt to “distort history regarding the small group of Nazis who attempted to assassinate Hitler late in the war.”

Heilbrunn, Jacob. “Himmler and Heydrich: Hitler’s Lieutenants.” Rev. of Heinrich Himmler; Hitler’s Hangman: The Life of Heydrich. The New York Times 6 Jan. 2012nytimes. Nytimes.com. Web. 8 Dec. 2012. <http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/08/books/review/books-about-heinrich-himmler-and-reinhard-heydrich-review.html>. Heinrich Himmler by Peter Longerich and Hitler’s Hangman by Robert Gerwarth are reviewed.

“Hitler and the Jews: The Genesis of the Holocaust; Anatomy of the Auschwitz Death Camp; Against All Hope: Resistance in the Nazi Concentration Camps, 1938-1945.” Rev. of Hitler and the Jews: The Genesis of the Holocaust; Anatomy of the Auschwitz Death Camp; Against All Hope: Resistance in the Nazi Concentration Camps, 1938-1945, by Fritz Stern. Foreign Affairs Sept.-Oct. 1994. Foreign Affairs. 2010. Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <http:www.foreignaffairs.com/print/50236>.

Hoffman, Stanley. “Hitler 1936-1845: Nemesis.” Rev. of Hitler 1936-1845: Nemsis. Foreign Affairs (2000). ForeignAffairs.com. Web. 3 Oct. 2011. <http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/56569/stanley-hoffmann/hitler-1936-45-nemesis>. A favorable review of Ian Kershaw’s Hitler 1936-45: Nemesis.

Hoffman, Stanley. “Hitler’s Pope: The Secret History of Pius XII.” Rev. of Hitler’s Pope: The Secret History of Pius XII. Foreign Affairs (200). ForeignAffairs.com. Web. 3 Oct. 2011. <http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/55750/stanley-hoffmann/hitlers-pope-the-secret-history-of-pius-xii>. A favorable review of Hitler’s Pope: The Secret of Pius XII.

Hoffman, Stanley. “Hitler’s Scientists: Science, War, and the Devil’s Pact.” Rev. of Hitler’s Scientists: Science, War, and the Devil’s Pact. Foreign Affairs Nov.-Dec. 2003. Print. The book in the title is unfavorably reviewed.

Hoffman, Stanley. “Making Friends with Hitler: Lord Londonderry, the Nazis, and the Road to War.” Rev. of Making Friends with Hitler: Lord Londonderry, the Nazis, and the Road to War. Foreign Affairs Mar.-Apr. 2005. Web. 3 Oct. 2011. <http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/60538/stanley-hoffmann/making-friends-with-hitler-lord-londonderry-the-nazis-and-the-ro>. Review of Making Friends with Hitler: Lord Londonderry, the Nazis, and the Road to War by Ian Kershaw.

Hoffman, Stanley. “The Pity of It All: A History of the Jews in Germany, 1743-1933.” Rev. of  The Pity of It All: A History of the Jews in Germany. Foreign Affairs Nov.-Dec. 2002. Print. Review of the book in the title.

Hoffmann, Stanley. “Hitler’s Willing Executioners: Ordinary Germans and the Holocaust.” Review. Foreign Affairs (1996). Foreign Affairs. Council on Foreign Relations, June-July 1996. Web. 8 Mar. 2012. <http://foreignaffairs.com/articles/51931/stanley-hoffmann/hitler%C3%82%E2%80%99s-willing-executioners-ordinary-germans-and-the-holocaust>. “A challenging, powerfully argued, and morally passionate account of the extermination of the Jews by Nazi Germany. Goldhagen has done prodigious research in order to find out who the ‘willing executioners’ were and what they did. The result is overwhelming and devastating, not only because of the detailed account of the crimes, but also because the author shows that tens of thousands of ordinary Germans — not just the SS or Nazis — took part in the Holocaust … ”

Jenkins, Mark. “‘Garbo the Spy’: A Nazi Double Age, Mystery Intact.” Rev. of Garbo the Spy. NPR 18 Nov. 2011. NPR.org. Web. 18 Nov. 2011. <http://www.npr.org/2011/11/17/142249740/garbo-the-spy-a-nazi-double-agent-mystery-intact>. Review of the documentary “Garbo the Spy.”

Kershaw, Ian. “A Different Drum.” Rev. of Contending with Hitler. Varieties of German Resistance in the Third Reich by David Clay Large, The Unnecessary War. Whitehall and the German Resistance to Hitler, by Patricia Meehan and `Different Drummers. Jazz in the Culture of Nazi Germany,’ by Michael Kater. History Today 1993: 55. Academic Premier. Web. 10 Jan. 2012.

Laskin, David. “A Horrifying History of the Reich’s Violent End.” Rev. of The End: The Defiance and Destruction of Hitler’s Germany, 1944-1945. The Seattle Times 24 Sept. 2011. The Seattle Times. Web. 14 Nov. 2011. <http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/books/2016278436_br25theend.html>. A review of The End: The Defiance and Destruction of Hitler’s Germany, 1944-1945 by Ian Kershaw.

“No, Mein Fuhrer.” Rev. of Letters to Freya: 1939-1945, by Helmut James Von Moltke. New York Times 1 July 1990. Web. 10 Feb. 2012. <http://www.nytimes.com/1990/07/01/books/no-mein-fuher.html?src=pm>. Review of the book of Helmuth James von Moltke’s letters to his wife before he was executed in 1945.

Phayer, Michael. “(Untitled).” Rev. of Women Against Hitler: Christian Resistance in the Third Reich. The American Historical Review 101.4 (1996): 1237. JSTOR. The University of Chicago Press. Web. 19 Nov. 2011. <http://www.jstor.org/pss/2169738>.

“Resisting the Third Reich: The Catholic Clergy in Hitler’s Berlin … ” Rev. of Resisting the Third Reich: The Catholic Clergy in Hitler’s Berlin, Kevin P. Spicer (DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press). Journal of Social History:Holocaust and Genocide Studies Spring 2006: 117-20. OxfordJournals. Web. 3 Oct. 2011. <http://hgs.oxfordjournals.org/content/20/1/117>. Review of Resisting the Third Reich: The Catholic Clergy in Hitler’s Berlin by Kevin P. Spicer.

“The Resistible Rise of Adolf Hitler.” Rev. of Htler 1889-1936: Hubris. International Socialism Journal 81 (1998). Pubs.socialistreviewindex.org.uk. International Socialism Journal. Web. 5 Dec. 2011. <http://pubs.socialistreviewindex.org.uk/isj81/ovenden.htm>. “How did a talentless, unemployed house painter come to lead Europe’s most powerful country, smash organised working class in the world and establish a monstrous dictatorship?”

Samuel, Henry. “‘Muslim Schindler’ Who Risked Life to save Iranian Jews in Wartime Paris – Telegraph.” Telegraph.co.uk – Telegraph Online, Daily Telegraph and Sunday Telegraph – Telegraph. 21 Dec. 2011. Web. 21 Dec. 2011. <http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/world-war-2/8970672/Muslim-Schindler-who-risked-life-to-save-Iranian-Jews-in-wartime-Paris.html>. A review of In the Lion’s Shadow. “A Muslim ‘Oskar Schindler’ saved the lives of thousands of Iranian Jews in wartime Paris, risking all to help compatriots excape the Nazis, a new book claims.”

“This Land Is My Land.” Rev. of The Wrath of Nations: Civilizaion and the Furies of Nationalism, by William Pfaff. New York Times 7 Nov. 1993. Nytimes.com. Web. 10 Feb. 2012. “Nationalism is bloody-minded and backward.” Review of The Wrath of Nations.”

Vitone, Elaine. “True Story of Warsaw Zoo That Harbored Jewish Refigees during WWII.” Rev. of The Zookeeper’s Wife: A War Story. San Francisco Chronicle 9 Sept. 2007: M-2. SFGate. Hearst Communications Inc. Web. 4 Dec. 2011. <http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2007/09/09/RVA5RNJ4L.DTL>. “With its biblical allusions, cuddly characters and well-covered historical subject matter, “The Zookeeper’s Wife” might have been a gamble, had anyone else but Diane Ackerman tackled it. Not surprisingly, the writer who brought us A Natural History of the Senses succeeds not only in averting these pitfalls but also in using them to her advantage, crafting a fresh and compelling addition to Holocaust literature.”

Weinberg, Gerhard L. Rev. of German Resistance against Hitler: The Search for Allies Abroad, 1938-1945 by Klemens Von Klemperer. The Journal of Modern History 67.1 (1995): 222-23. JSTOR. Web. 22 Feb. 2012.