Third Reich Biographies

“Make the lie big, make it simple, keep saying it, and eventually they will believe it.”  Adolf Hitler

Biographical information can be found by searching a library’s online catalog. Just type in a name and the word “biography,” and the online catalog will list biographical sources available in print or electronic form. “[T]o locate biographical sources for people in a certain subject area or profession, your keyword search would combine the words describing the profession/subject with the terms “biography” and “dictionaries.”

Always remember that biographical information may not be accurate. Cross-check biographical information against other sources. The most trustworthy material is articles in popular references, such as encyclopedias and scholarly journals. “Scholarly or critical biographies are acceptable sources of biographical information as they most always feature extensive end notes of list of references …”

To begin your research consult a biographical index to find biographical information with citations to published sources. These indexes are available in your library and online on the internet. Be careful with online biographical information. Make sure that you are using a legitimate source.

The Facts on File Guide to Research, 2010


Ayer, Eleanor H. In the Ghettos: Teens Who Survived the Ghettos of the Holocaust. N.p.: Saddleback Pub, 2002. Print. Juvenile literature. Chronicles the deportation of Jews into ghettos during Hitler’s Third Reich …”

Biddle, Wayne. Dark Side of the Moon: Wernher Von Braun, the Third Reich, and the Space Race. New York: W.W. Norton, 2009. Print.

Boatner, Mark Mayo. Biographical Dictionary of World War II. Novato, CA: Presidio, 1996. Print. This book is “a monumental, single-volume reference that contains authoritative single-victim accounts of more than 1,000 key personalities from the war years.”

Breuer, William B. Nazi Spies in America: Hitler’s Undercover War. New York: St. Martin’s Paperbacks, 1990. Print. Lists “Espionage agents convicted in the United States, 1937-1945.”

Cohn-Sherbok, Dan. The Dictionary of Jewish Biography. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2005. Print. “[A]nindispensable guide for anyone interested in the history of the Jewish people. …”

Delattre, Lucas. A Spy at the Heart of the Third Reich: The Extraordinary Story of Fritz Kolbe, America’s Most Important Spy in World War II. New York: Atlantic Monthly, 2005. Print. The extraordinary story of American spy Fritz Kolbe.

Dietrich, Otto. The Hitler I Knew: The Memoirs of the Third Reich’s Press Chief. New York, NY: Skyhorse Pub., 2010. Print. The author gathered information for 12 years to write this book.

Edwards, John Carver. Berlin Calling: American Broadcasters in Service to the Third Reich. New York: Praeger, 1991. Print. “Expatriates posing as detached yet patriotic American commentators, and using ‘the newspaper-of-the-day’ voice of the stereotypical radio announcer, sought to turn U.S. opinion against the British and achieve the political objectives of of the media-savvy employer-master propagandist Paul Josef Goebbels.”

Fest, Joachim C., and Michael Bullock. The Face of the Third Reich: Portraits of the Nazi Leadership. London: I.B. Tauris, 2011. Print. Portraits of the Nazi leadership.

Frick, Lisa. Encyclopedia of World Biography. 2006. Web. 23 Sept. 2011. <>. Simon Wiesenthal (1908-2005) was a Nazi War crimes investigator and human-rights activist.

Gehlen, Wilhelm R., and Don A. Gregory. Jungvolk: The Story of a Boy Defending Hitler’s Third Reich. Philadelphia, PA: Casemate, 2008. Print. Very interesting story of a boy in the Hitler Youth.

Gerwarth, Robert. Hitler’s Hangman: The Life of Heydrich. New Haven: Yale UP, 2011. Print. “Reinhard Heydrich is widely recognized as one of the great iconic villains of the twentieth century, an appalling figure even within the context of the Nazi leadership.”

Gill, Anton. An Honorable Defeat: A History of German Resistance to Hitler, 1933-45. New York: H. Holt, 1994. Print. Who’s who in the German Resistance.

The Historian. “Biography: Simon Wiesenthal, Nazi Hunter.” Helium. Helium Inc., 13 Apr. 2008. Web. 15 Sept. 2011. <>. Simon Wiesenthal, a famous Nazi hunter, is a survivor of Mauthausen Concentration Camp. Most of his family were killed by the Nazis.

Kjelle, Marylou Morano. Hitler’s Henchmen. San Diego: Lucent, 2003. Print. Juvenile literature. “Profiles five men who held positions of power in Hitler’s regime …”

Larson, Erik. In the Garden of Beasts: Love, Terror, and an American Family in Hitler’s Berlin. New York: Crown, 2011. Print. “Documents the efforts of the first American ambassador to Hitler’s Germany, William E. Dodd …”

Leuner, Heinz David. When Compassion Was a Crime: Germany’s Silent Heroes, 1933-1945. London: Wolff, 1978. Print. A long list of rescuers is included.

Manvell, Roger, and Heinrich Fraenkel. The Men Who Tried to Kill Hitler. New York: Skyhorse Pub., 2008. Print. The book contains information on 14 men who tried to kill Hitler.

Manz, Bruno. A Mind in Prison: The Memoir of a Son and Soldier of the Third Reich. Washington, DC: Brassey’s, 2000. Print. “Manz recounts how the advice of his elders and Hitler’s charisma induced him to join the Hitler Youth at age 11 … ”

McKale, Donald M. Nazis after Hitler: How Perpetrators of the Holocaust Cheated Justice and Truth. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2012. Print. “This deeply researched and informative book traces the biographies of thirty ‘typical’ perpetrators of the Holocaust–some well known, some obscure–who survived World War II.”

Meding, Dorothee Von. Courageous Hearts: Women and the Anti-Hitler Plot of 1944. Providence, RI: Berghahn, 1997. Print. The book is focused on eleven women who took part in the anti-Nazi resistance.

Metaxas, Eric. Bonhoeffer: Pastor, Martyr, Prophet, Spy : A Righteous Gentile vs. the Third Reich. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 2011. Print. Dietrich Bonhoeffer, resistance leader, is examined.

O’Donnell, Patrick K. They Dared Return: The True Story of Jewish Spies behind the Lines in Nazi Germany. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo, 2009. Print. “A never-before-told World War II story of Jewish soldiers on a dangerous mission within the Third Reich …”

Poland in Exile. Web. 03 Dec. 2011. <>. “This web site is dedicated to the men and women who left Poland to fight against the Nazis and Russian Communism in the 1939 – 1945 War. These pages are a tribute to their unselfish valour and acts as a memorial in their honour.

Posner, Gerald L. Hitler’s Children: Sons and Daughters of Leaders of the Third Reich Talk about Their Fathers and Themselves. New York: Random House, 1991. Print.

Schmidt, Ulf. Karl Brandt: The Nazi Doctor Medicine and Power in the Third Reich. London: Hambledon Continuum, 2007. Print. German war criminal’s biography.

Snyder, Louis L. Encyclopedia of the Third Reich. London: Robert Hale, 1995. Print.

Speer, Albert. Inside the Third Reich Memoirs. N.p.: Paw Prints, 2008. Print. Hitler’s architect wrote his memoirs.

Spicer, Kevin P. Hitler’s Priests: Catholic Clergy and National Socialism. DeKalb: Northern Illinois UP, 2008. Print. Appendix 2 contains biographical data on 138 brown priests, 109 diocesan priests, 19 ordained members of religious orders, and 10 priests from dioceses outside Germany.

Stürmer, Michael. The German Empire: A Short History. New York: Modern Library, 2000. Print. Key figures in the history of the German Empire.

Von, Hassell Agostino., Sigrid Von Hoyningen-Huene. MacRae, and Simone Ameskamp. Alliance of Enemies: The Untold Story of the Secret American and German Collaboration to End World War II. New York: Thomas Dunne, 2006. Print. “A brief introduction to some of the principal players, many of whom may be unfamiliar to readers, and their OSS code names and/or numbers.”

Wick, Steve. The Long Night: William I. Shirer and the Rise and Fall of the Third Reich. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011. Print. William L Shirer started the Berlin bureau of Edward R. Murrow’s CBS News in the 1930s.

Germany, Nazis, War #1


“Flag of German Reich (1935-1945)”

“Demoralize  the enemy from within by surprise, terror, sabotage, assassination. This is the war of the future.” Adolf Hitler


Third Reich is “The official Nazi designation for the regime in power in Germany from January 1933 to May 1945. Hitler regarded his government as a logical extension of two previous German empires.” The Holy Roman Empire was the First Reich. Otto Bismarck established the Second Reich in 1871. Hitler adopted the term because he planned a new empire, the greatest empire of all, the Third Reich, which was  to last for a thousand years.      


What is the Difference between the German Army, Gestapo, Nazi Party, SA, SS, and Wehrmacht?


Ailsby, Christopher. Hitler’s Renegades: Foreign Nationals in the Service of the Third Reich. Dulles, VA: Brassey’s, 2004. Print. “This book is about foreign volunteers in the service of the German armed forces in World War II.”

Allan, Phillip. “Nazi Ideas in Action (Germany, 1918-1945).” Hindsight 18.2th ser. (2008): S52-53. General OneFile. Web. 10 Jan. 2012. Covers the Nazis’ first steps: the Nuremberg Laws, Kristallnacht, the Final Solution, and opposition to the Nazi rule.

Ascherson, Neal. “Hitler’s Revenge on Germany.” Rev. of Inside Hitler’s Bunker: The Last Days of the Third Reich. 11 Apr. 2004. Guardian/ Observer. Guardian, 2001. Web. 31 May 2011. <>. Review of Inside Hitler’s Bunker: The Last Days of the Third Reich by Joachim Fest.

Bartov, Omer. “Soldiers, Nazis, and War in the Third Reich.” The Journal of Modern History 63.1 (1991): 44. Print. “From its very inception until the present day the Wehrmacht has presented admirers … with a series of conflicting images … to what extent did the Wehrmacht constitute an Integral part of the Nazi state.’

Beall, Lewis L. “Academic Freedom and the Third Reich: Can It Happen Here?” The Clearing House 43.8 (1969): 483-87. JSTOR. Web. 10 Jan. 2012. “Germany has provided us with a stark example that academic freedom is not an inalienable right.”

Beck, Ludwig, and Carl F. Goerdeler. “Plans for a Government: Governmental Declaration” by Beck/Goerdeler Draft, Summer 1944. Rep. German Resistance Center. Print. “The original is missing: the present version was reconstructed from the documents of the Special Commission for Investigating the Assassination Attempt against Hitler of July 20, 1944.”

Benz, Wolfgang, and Thomas Dunlap. A Concise History of the Third Reich. Berkeley: University of California, 2006. Print. “A compact yet comprehensive and authoritative history of the twelve years of the Third Reich.”

Bytwerk, Randall. “Nazi and East German Propaganda Guide Page.” Calvin College – Minds In The Making. German Propaganda Archive. Web. 31 Dec. 2011. <>. “Propaganda was central to Nazi Germany and the German Democratic Republic. The German Propaganda Archive includes both propaganda itself and material produced for the guidance of propagandists. The goal is to help people understand the two great totalitarian systems of the twentieth century by giving them access to the primary material.”

Collins, Glenn. “Women In Nazi Germany: Paradoxes.” NY Times. The New York Times, 2 Mar. 1987. Web. 20 Dec. 2011. <>. “Time and again during the decade she spent researching the history of the forgotten women of the Third Reich, Claudia Koonz was struck by a paradox: the very women who were so protective of their children, so warm, nurturing and giving to their families, could at the same time display extraordinary cruelty.”

Darby, Graham. “Hitler’s Rise and Weimar’s Demise.” History Reviews 67 (Sep 2010). MasterFILE Premier. Web. 30 May 2011.

Davidson, Martin P. The Perfect Nazi: Uncovering My Grandfather’s Secret Past. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 2011. Print. “Searching for the truth about his German grandfather, Martin Davidson discovered Hitler’s Everyman: the enthusiastic fascist functionary, unquestioning, unrepentant, chillingly ordinary.”

Dempsey, Judy. “Reich Bureaucrats Seen in a New Light –” Breaking News, World News & Multimedia. The New York Times, 26 Dec. 2010. Web. 07 Jan. 2012. <>. The Nazis used the Reich’s Finance Ministry to plunder the assets of the Jews: savings, assets, anything with a financial or material value. “Plundering Jewish assets could not have been possible without an efficient civil service.”

“Denmark Apologizes for Aiding Nazis.” Home | Deutsche Welle. DW-WORLD.DE, 5 May 2005. Web. 03 Dec. 2011. <,,1573618,00.html>. I am puzzled by this article since the Denmark people saved over 7,000 Jews during the Holocaust.

Dombrowski, John. “The Greatest War Crimes: How Elitist Intervention Prolonged World War II and Perpetuated Nazi Horrors.” Culture Wars Magazine and Fidelity Press, Dec. 1997. Web. 31 May 2011. <>. “Historical documents … make clear that there was a serious effort, from many points at the highest level … to surrender Germany’s armed forces to the Western Allies.”

Gajewski, Jarek. “Ravensbruck Concentration Camp: Medical Experiments.” UTORweb. Web. 23 Dec. 2011. <>. “After reading the book A Wartime Memoir by Karolina Lanckorońska a former prisoner in the Ravensbrück Concentration Camp, I decided to learn more about circumstances surrounding the inhuman medical experiments conducted on 74 polish women, who were the political prisoners in the camp. I was particularly moved by the heroic stance of the survivors of the experiments and incredible support they received from all Ravensbrück’s inmates.”

Gates, David. “Monsters on the Couch: Interviews with the Nazi Defendants.” Newsweek International 25 Oct. 2004. General OneFile. Web. 1 June 2011. “Prevarication and rationalization” were heard by U.S. Army psychiatrist Leon Goldensohn when he interviewed defendants at the Nuremberg war-crimes trial in 1946.

Gellately, Robert. Backing Hitler: Consent and Coercion in Nazi Germany. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2001. Print. The author “reveals the astonishing truth that the Nazi terror was not hidden from the German people but carried out openly, with their consent, and even their active participation.”

“Germany Under the Nazis – World War II Multimedia Database.” 30 Sept. 2011. Web. 2012. <>. After German President Paul von Hindenburg died “Hitler folded the powers of the Presidency into his own. He became Führer, or leader, of all of Germany. He proclaimed the Third Reich, following a history theory that German unity would be achieved in the Third Kingdom. After The Holy Roman Empire and Otto von Bismarck, Adolf Hitler proclaimed his rule would last a thousand years.”

Goeschel, Christian. “Suicide at the End of the Third Reich.” Journal of Contemporary History 41.1 (2006): 153-73. JSTOR. Web. 24 Feb. 2012. “In the spring of 1945 the Third Reich ended in a massive wave of suicides. Historians have so far not tried to analyse this upsurge in self-destruction, although such a study potentially has much to tell about the ways in which Germans responded to the decline and fall of the nazi regime and the ‘people’s community.’ Allied occupation and the trnsformation from war-time to a peace-time society.”

Goulding, Ossian. “I Fought for the Nazis.” Saturday Evening Post 29 Jan. 1944. EBSCO. Web. 2012. This excellent article “is of unusual interest because it comes from a man who fought with the army before Stalingrad and it gives our first full picture of what is happening in the minds of the Nazi legions.” The author interviews a “Finn who enlisted with the German army, participated in the Russian campaign and has been an object of search by the Gestapo since he deserted and escaped. …”

Graham, Robert A. “The ‘Right to Kill’ in the Third Reich: Prelude to Genocide.” The Catholic Historical Review 62.1 (Jan., 1976): 56-76. JSTOR. Web. 22 Feb. 2012. “[T]he doctors were happy and joyful in Nazi times when they could dispose of human lives, the lives of others.”

Harry, Tim. “The Rationale for the Night and Fog Decree.” Helium. Helium Inc., 2011. Web. 15 Sept. 2011. <>. “The Night and Fog Decree dealt with political prisoners” in the Nazi period.

Herring, Debra. “Biography: Anne Frank.” Helium. Helium Inc., 1 Aug. 2008. Web. 15 Sept. 2011. <>. Anne Frank’s family hid from the Nazis in a secret space converted by her father in the annex portion of his office building. The family lived there for 2 1/2 years. She died at the Belgen-Belsen camp.

“Hidden Archive Exposes WWII Slaughters.” – Breaking News, U.S., World, Weather, Entertainment & Video News. CNN. Web. 28 Sept. 2011. <>. “An archive forgotten for decades helps bring some justice for Italian victims of Nazi atrocities. In San Pancrazio, locals remember massacre victims with an annual candlelight vigil.”

A History of Hitler’s Empire. Perf. Professor Thomas Childers. The Teaching Company: Great Courses, 2001. DVD.

“Hitler’s Rise to Power.” DSU Computer Services. Web. 01 June 2011. <>. Chronicle of “Hitler’s rise to power.”

“Hitler-Saluting Dog Outraged Nazis.” World War II May-June 2011: 16. MasterFILE Premier. Web. 23 May 2011. “What’s a good way to get a Nazi hot under the collar? Train your dog to Heil.”

Irwin, Will. Abundance of Valor: Resistance, Survival and Liberation: 1944-45. New York: Ballantine, 2010. Print. “An important book on the brave men of the Jedburgh teams who led the way into Holland for Operation Market-Garden; it is an amazing story of courage and determination that should have been told years ago.”

“John Demjanjuk: Prosecution of An Alleged Nazi Collaborator.” United States Holocaust Memorial Museum: Holocaust Encyclopedia. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Web. 30 May 2011. <>. John Demjanjuk has been tried in 4 different court proceedings denying crimes that he committed while he was a collaborator of the Nazi regime.

Kampeas, Ron. “Nazi Declassifiers Issue Report.” Mémoires De Guerre. 1 Oct. 2007. Web. 22 Nov. 2011. <>. “The difficulties faced by the U.S. government body researching Nazi war crimes underscore the need to make government records more accessible, the body said in its conclusion.”

Kershaw, Ian. The End: The Defiance and Destruction of Hitler’s Germany, 1944-45. New York: Penguin, 2011. Print. “A fascinating and original exploration of how the Third Reich was willing and able to fight to the bitter end of World War II.”

Kimmelman, Michael. “Art’s Survivors of Hitler’s War.” Breaking News, World News & Multimedia. The New York Times, 30 Nov. 2010. Web. 07 Jan. 2012. <>. “[W]orkers digging for a new subway station near City Hall unearthed a bronze bust of a woman, rusted, filthy and almost unrecognizable. Researchers learned the bust was a portrait by Edwin Scharff, a nearly forgotten German modernist, from around 1920.”

Klemperer, Victor. I Will Bear Witness: A Diary of the Nazi Years. New York: Random House, 1998. Print. “Nazism racism comes through forcefully in Klemperer’s litany of daily humiliations. …”

Koch, H. W. In the Name of the Volk: Political Justice in Hitler’s Germany. New York: St. Martin’s, 1989. Print. “The German judiciary during … Hitler’s rule … seemed to embody one of the most chilling aspects of the Third Reich. …”

Kremer, Hannes. “New Meanings for “Inherited” Customs?” Calvin College – Minds In The Making. Calvin College – Minds In The Making, 1937. Web. 31 Dec. 2011. <>. “Background: The Nazis set about establishing their own rituals and holidays immediately after taking power.”

Krulwich, Robert. “Dissolve My Nobel Prize! Fast! (A True Story) : Krulwich Wonders… : NPR.” NPR : National Public Radio : News & Analysis, World, US, Music & Arts. 3 Oct. 2011. Web. 10 Oct. 2011. <>. “It’s 1940. The Nazis have taken Copenhagen. They are literally marching through the streets, and physicist Niels Bohr has just hours, maybe minutes, to make two Nobel Prize medals disappear.”

Lawson, Dorothea S. “World War Memories: “Aryanization” of Germany in 1933 and Mass Book Burning.” German Culture. Web. 09 Nov. 2011. <>. “Here are some behind-the-scene personal experiences from the 1930′s that might be of interest.”

Leahigh, James. “Geopolitik.” Special Libriaries 38.3 (1944): 88-91. Web. 5 Feb. 2012. Geopolotik “is inseparably identified with the Nazis’ grand strategy for world-wide aggression which would end with National Socialist Germany as supreme lord and master of the globe, its inhabitants and its resources.”

Lightbody, Bradley. “Invasion of Poland.” BBC World Wars. BBC, 30 Mar. 2011. Web. 10 Feb. 2012. <>. “When Hitler invaded Poland, he was confident that Britain and France would continue their policy of appeasement and broker a peace deal. … [The author] considers his gross miscalculation and how it led Europe to stumble into war.”

Loewenstein, Karl. “Law in the Third Reich.” The Yale Law Review 45.5 (1936): 779-815. JSTOR. Web. 22 Feb. 2012. “The ubiquity of public law in the sphere of private law explains the reversal of systematic law in Germany; much of what belonged formerly to private law becomes now an object of political command.”

McDonald, Jason. “Germany under the Nazis.” The World War II Multimedia Database. 2 Aug. 2011. Web. 25 Sept. 2011. <>. Life under the Nazis was brutal. If you expressed disagreement and were caught, death was the punishment meted out.

Minerbi, Alessandra. A New Illustrated History of the Nazis. Newton Abbot: David & Charles, 2005. Print. This book “contains many previously unseen photographs and illustrations from the Nazi regime.”

Müller, Ingo. Hitler’s Justice: The Courts of the Third Reich. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1991. Print. Concerning the German legal system during Hitler’s rule, this book “tells a depressing tale, one that reminds us how fragile the safeguards of a civilized society can be in the face of the powers of darkness.”

Newby, Leroy W. “Your Mission: Kill Hitler.” American Heritage Oct. 1998: 26+. General OneFile. Web. 30 June 2011. “A bombardier is ordered on a mission to bomb Adolf Hitler’s headquarters that never materializes.”

Newman, Klaus. “Germans as Victims of Nazism.” The Age Company Ltd, 22 Apr. 2005. Web. 14 Apr. 2011. “Joachim Fest’s new film, ‘Downfall,’ panders to a revisionist view of Hitler’s legacy.”

Nichol, John, and Tony Rennell. “Escape or Die: The Untold WWII Story.” Mail Online. Daily Mail, 16 Mar. 2007. Web. 20 Dec. 2011. <>. “It’s one of the great untold stories of the war. How 5,000 Allied airmen, shot down behind Nazi lines, played cat and mouse with Hitler’s dreaded secret police, and made a home run back to Blighty. Terry Bolter stood on the landing of the tall Brussels townhouse, a revolver in each hand, and peered out of the window. Below in the street, leather-coated Gestapo officers were hammering at the door.”

“On This Day: Nazi Germany Invades Poland, Starting World War II.” FindingDulcinea | Online Guides | Internet Library | Web Resources. 1 Sept. 2011. Web. 15 Jan. 2012. <–Nazi-Germany-invades-Poland–starting-World-War-II.html>. “On Sept. 1, 1939, Nazi Germany launched an invasion of Poland. Two days later, Polish allies Britain and France declared war on Germany, marking the start of World War II.”

“Our Shared Legacy: World War II and The Joint.” Our Shared Legacy – JDC Archives. Joint Distribution Committee. Web. 1 June 2011. <>. More than 500,000 names and over 1,000 photographs of the relief organization’s efforts during World War II in a searchable collection.

Peukert, Detlev J. K. Inside Nazi Germany: Conformity, Opposition, and Racism in Everyday Life. New Haven: Yale UP, 1987. Print. The author “tried to evaluate the wide and uneven range of historiographical information available on everyday life and everyday experience under National Socialism in Germany, and to present the most important findings in the literature.”

Poltawska, Wanda. “And I Am Afraid of My Dreams.” The Sarmatian Review. Rice University — Web Services, 21 July 2003. Web. 23 Dec. 2011. <>. “This memoir describes the fate of a young Polish Catholic woman taken to the Nazi concentration camp in Ravensbrück where medical experiments were conducted upon her body.”

Rennell, Tony. “When Hitler Took on Russia He Fought a Brutal War That Was an Orgy of Rape and Genocide.” Mail Online. Daily Mail, 23 June 2011. Web. 20 Dec. 2011. <>. “Going east: Hitler hoped his invasion of Russia would be concluded in a matter of week. Collision course: Hitler broke his non-aggression pact with Stalin in the hope of conquering Russia in a matter of weeks The numbers of troops involved were colossal, almost too large to take in.”

Rice, Earle. The Third Reich: Demise of the Nazi Dream. San Diego, CA: Lucent, 2000. Print. “Describes the rise and fall of Nazi Germany and explores the philosophical, economic, and military principles on which it was based.”

Roberts, Andrew. “Hitler’s Lightning Strike.” History Today Sept. 2009: 12-18. EBSCO. Web. 2012. “This article discusses the military tactics of the German army during World War II. The author details the army’s training, discipline, and Blitzkrieg tactics, which combined to sweep away the Polish resistance in 1939. …”

Rodman, Selden. “Forty Years After: The Nazi Heartland.” National Review 11 May 1979: 622+. Academic Search Premier. Web. 10 Jan. 2012. “The article considers whether the European nations involved in World War II should feel guilty that they have contributed to the promotion of Nazism and antisemitism during Adolf Hitler’s time. According to the author, every country that Hitler penetrated had discovered a sense of racism just lying under almost every nation’s surface.”

Rosenbaum, Ron. “Revisiting the ‘Rise and Fall of the Third Reich’” Smithsonian Feb. 2012. Web. 5 Feb. 2012. “Recently reissued, William L. Shirer’s seminal 1960 history of Nazi Germany [The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich] is still important reading.”

Rosenberg, Jennifer. “Kurt Gerstein: A German Spy in the SS.” 20th Century Hisotry., 2011. Web. 30 Aug. 2011. <>. “An anti-Nazi, Kurt Gerstein never intended to be a witness to the Nazi murder of the Jews. Yet he joined the SS and soon saw, first hand, gassings at Betzec.” After spending years trying to convince the Allies of what was happening, he was put in a French prison and either committed suicide or was murdered by German prisoners.

Rosenberg, Jennifer. “Sterilization.” 20th Century History. Web. 29 Nov. 2011. <>. “In the 1930′s, the Nazis introduced a massive, compulsory sterilization of a large segment of the German population.”

Rosenberg, Jennifer. “The History of the Swastika.” 20th Century History. Web. 12 Sept. 2011. <>. The swastika is an ancient symbol.

“The Russians Were Expendable.” Saturday Evening Post 19 June 1943: 108. Academic Premier. Web. 10 Jan. 2012. “The article comments on the resistance of Russian people against the dictatorship of Nazi leader Adolf Hitler. The Russian people have contributed to the victory of Allied forces against Nazi powers. There were millions of Russians who suffered and laid their life for the country.”

Ryan, Donna F., and John S. Schuchman. Deaf People in Hitler’s Europe. Washington, D.C.: Gallaudet UP, 2002. Print. “[R]enowned scholars shed new light on the ideological and practical concerns that linked the theories of race and of eugenics to the sterilization and murder of persons whom the Nazis deemed ‘unworthy of life.’”

Schuman, Frederick L. “The Third Reich’s Road to War.” The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 175.1 (1934): 33-43. Print. “The control of Germany by a political movement committed since its inception to destroying the peace settlement of 1919, and the almost unanimous enthusiasm which the supernationalistic propaganda of this movement has evoked in the Reich, have produced world-wide alarm and despair for the future of peace.”

Snyder, Timothy. Bloodlands: Europe between Hitler and Stalin. New York: Basic, 2010. Print. “In Bloodlands, …[the author] offers a groundbreaking investigation of the place where Europeans were murdered by the millions, and a sustained explanation of the motives and methods of both Hitler and Stalin.” Fourteen million civilians were murdered by Hitler and Stalin.

Stackelberg, Roderick, and Sally Anne. Winkle. The Nazi Germany Sourcebook: An Anthology of Texts. London: Routledge, 2002. Print. This book is a “new collection of documents on the origins, rise, course and consequences of National socialism, the Third Reich, the Second World War, and the Holocaust.”

Stürmer, Michael. The German Empire: A Short History. New York: Modern Library, 2002. Print. The author “blends high politics, social history, portraiture, and an unparalleled command of military and economic developments to tell the story” of Germany.

Thompson, Robert Smith. Complete Idiot’s Guide to Nazi Germany. Indianapolis, IN: Alpha, 2003. Print. Ignore the title and read a “clear analysis of the Third Reich’s psychological, political. and military underpinnings.”

“Topic: 20th Century Hitler, the Nazis, Mussolini, and Fascism.” Best History Sites. EdTechTeacher. Web. 2 June 2011. <>. “Best of History Web Sites is an award-winning portal that contains annotated links to over 1200 history web sites as well as links to hundreds of quality K-12 history lesson plans, history teacher guides, history activities, history games, history quizzes, and more.”

Ullstein, Hermann. “We Blundered Hitler into Power.” Saturday Evening Post. EBSCOhost. Web. 30 May 2011. The owner, with his brothers, of the Ullstein Publishing, tells how the Nazis stole the company. The company owned acres of buildings and had over 10,000 employees. He could not convince other businessmen that Hitler was taking over the country, and that something should be done soon. In the United States a friend said that he had been reading old newspapers. He said “I’ve read them to find out all the blunders I made. The blunders we all made.”

Ward, James. “‘Smash the Facists …’ German Communist Efforts to Counter the Nazis, 1930-1931.” Central European History 41.1 (1981): 30+. EBSCOhost. Web. 31 May 2011. “Discussed East German writers’ contention that the German Communist Party (KPD) sought to devise the political tactics that would block a Nazi takeover in 1930 and 1933.”

Weber, Ronald. The Lisbon Route: Entry and Escape in Nazi Europe. Lanham Md.: Ivan R. Dee, 2011. Print. The Lisbon “route offered thousands of refugees a path from Nazi-held Europe to neutral Portugal and from there to America.”








Addendum #1

“General Roll Call of NSDAP in Berlin” 

“What good fortune for governments that the people do not think.” Adolf Hitler


Anderson, Anthony. “A Forgotten Chapter: Holland Under the Third Reich.” Lecture. University of Southern California. University of Southern California, 18 Nov. 1996. Web. 25 Mar. 2012. <>. “The German Occupation was to have many lasting effects both in Holland and how the Dutch were to see the world. One major consequence was the decision to abandon their traditional neutrality and to work more actively in world affairs. Holland became a charter member of both the United Nations and NATO.”

“Anti-jewish Law Creates Embittered Jobless Class in Hungary.” JTA Jewish News Archive. JTA, 7 May 1940. Web. 26 Mar. 2012. <>. “[T]hanks to the Jewish law, several thousand equally intelligent, equally capable young Hungarian Jews can’t even get a job sweeping streets. That is the real tragedy of Hungary’s anti-Semitic legislation”

Arhein, Jaime. “”It Was Not as Simple as It Seems”: Collaboration, Petainism, and Resistance in Vichy France.” The Journal of Undergraduate Research, University of Notre Dame (2008-2009). Print. Pdf at “[Vichy] France was not merely territorially divided. French citizens were also ideologically and politically divided between collaboration with and resistance to the new Vichy regime. To understand the ways in which the French split in their reactions to Vichy, it is first essential to define the labels being applied to them.”

Baranowski, Shelley. Nazi Empire: German Colonialism and Imperialism from Bismarck to Hitler. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2011. Print. “This book, a synthesis that draws primarily upon the findings of recent scholarship, argues that Germany offers an example of a less-appreciated ‘tension of empire,’ the aspiration to imperialist expansion and the simultaneous fear of dissolution at the hands of its imperialist rivals.”

Barnett, Victoria J. “The Role of the Churches: Compliance and Confrontation.” Dimensions: A Journal of Holocaust Studies 12.2 (1998). ADL: Fighting Anti-Semitism, Bigotry and Extremism. Anti-Defamation League, 2000. Web. 21 Mar. 2012. <>. “[I]t has become abundantly clear that [the Churches'] failure to respond to the horrid events … was not due to ignorance; they knew what was happening. Ultimately, the Churches’ lapses during the Nazi era were lapses of vision and determination.”

Becker, Howard Paul. German Youth; Bond or Free,. London: K. Paul, Trench, Trubner., 1946. Print. “No one can understand the rise of the German youth movement, its unhappy fate, and its uncertain future, unless he succeeds in projecting himself, however imperfectly, into the myth-inspired minds of the boys and girls, men and women, who strove to realize what they held to be an ideal Germany.”

Breitman, Richard. Official Secrets: What the Nazis Planned, What the British and Americans Knew. New York: Hill and Wang, 1998. Print. “When did Great Britain and the United States learn of the monstrous events that we today call the Holocaust? When and how did Nazi leader plan to destroy the Jewish people? An what were the attitudes and participation of ordinary Germans in these activities?”

Burleigh, Michael. The Third Reich: A New History. London: Macmillan, 2000. Print. “There is no better interpretative history of the period, nor is there likely to be one soon. His mastery of the sources, old as well as very recent, is remarkable, his judgment is sound, and the narrative could not be bettered.”

Cohen, Debra N. “Analysis: Response to Vatican Paper; Open the Holocaust Archives.” JTA: Jewish News Archive. Jewish Telegraphic Agemcy, 17 Mar. 1998. Web. 13 Mar. 2012. <>. “A long-awaited Vatican document addressing its role in the Holocaust is being greeted with nearly universal dismay and anger by Jewish experts on Catholic-Jewish relations.”

Dunstan, Simon, and Gerrard Williams. Grey Wolf: The Escape of Adolf Hitler : The Case Presented. New York: Sterling, 2011. Print. “Did Hitler–Code Name “Grey Wolf”–Really Die In 1945? Gripping New Evidence Shows What Could Have Happened … When Truman asked Stalin in 1945 whether Hitler was dead, Stalin replied bluntly, “No.” As late as 1952, Eisenhower declared: “We have been unable to unearth one bit of tangible evidence of Hitler’s death. What really happened.”

“From the Holocaust to the Secret Service: Michael Maor”. Online Torchlighter Film Archive. Yadvashem. Web. 08 Apr. 2012. <!prettyphoto/0/>. Michael Maor recounts his experience, as a child, fleeing from German soldiers and his work in the Massod.

“German Deportation Ships Sabotaged in Denmark; Mass-arrests of Jews Continue.” JTA Jewish News Archive. JTA, 5 Oct. 1943. Web. 26 Mar. 2012. <>. “Two large German vessels were damaged last night in Copenhagen harbor while they were being prepared to transport Danish Jews to Germany, it was reported by the Swedish radio today. The broadcast also stated that clashes have broken out between Danish non-Jews and German police at Hellerup, north of Copenhagen, as a result of protests by the population against the Nazi round-up of Jews which is continuing throughout Denmark.”

Hitler, Adolf, and Ralph Manheim. Mein Kampf. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1943. Print. Hitler’s political program, regarded inside Germany as the bible of National Socialism. It was an accurate blueprint of what Hitler intended to do.

“Hitler Proclaims Austria’s Inclusion in Reich; Jews Lose Citizenship.” JTA: Jewish News Archive. Jewish Telegraphic Agency, 16 Mar. 1938. Web. 13 Mar. 2012. <>. “Chancellor Adolf Hitler today formally proclaimed the incorporation of Austria into the Nazi Reich and told cheering thousands in this ancient Austrian capital that their nation would be transformed into a “National Socialist fortress.”

“Hitler’s Policy to Exterminate the Jews Emphasized in New Campaign by Nazi Press.” JTA Jewish News Archive. Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Web. 28 Mar. 2012. <>. “December 4, 1941. Led by the Voelkischer Beobachter, Hitler’s personal organ, the Nazi press throughout Germany today started a campaign to impress the German population with the fact that ‘it is the Fuehrer’r policy to exterminate the Jews by whatever means possible.’”

“Holocaust Encyclopedia: Third Reich.” United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Web. 13 Mar. 2012. <>. “Both inside and outside Germany, the term “Third Reich” was often used to describe the Nazi regime in Germany from January 30, 1933, to May 8, 1945.”

“Holocaust Survivor and Israeli Combat Officer: Meir Brand.” Online Torchlighter Film Archive. Vadyashem. Web. 08 Apr. 2012. <>. A young Jew, rescued by a young women in the Zionist underground, describes his heartbreaking and incredible life including his years as an Israel combat officer.

“Holocaust Survivor Remembers Fallen Survivor-Soldiers: Yehuda Szternfeld.” YouTube. Web. 8 Apr. 2012. <>. “After the war, Yehuda, the only surviving member of his family, immigrated to Palestine. In 1998 Yehuda launched an initiative to commemorate Holocaust survivors who fell in Israel’s War of Independence.” The Holocaust History Project. Web. 24 Mar. 2012. <>. “The Holocaust History Project is a free archive of documents, photographs, recordings, videos and essays regarding the Holocaust, including direct refutation of Holocaust-denial.”

Kershaw, Ian. The End: The Defiance and Destruction of Hitler’s Germany, 1944-1945. New York: Penguin, 2011. Print. “The Third Reich did not surrender until Germany had been left in ruins and almost completely occupied. Even in the near-apocalyptic final months, when the war was plainly lost, the Nazis refused to sue for peace. Historically, this is extremely rare.”

Kogon, Eugen, Hermann Langbein, and Adalbert Rückerl. Nazi Mass Murder: A Documentary History of the Use of Poison Gas. New Haven: Yale UP, 1994. Print. “This book is an essential tool in debunking Holocaust-denial.”

Larson, Erik. In the Garden of Beasts: Love, Terror, and an American Family in Hitler’s Berlin. New York: Crown, 2011. Print. “The time is 1933, the place, Berlin, when William E. Dodd becomes America’s first ambassador to Hitler’s Germany in a year that proved to be a turning point in history.”

McDonough, Frank. Hitler and Nazi Germany. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge UP, 1999. Print. “By isolating key problems areas within current historical debates and by including a selection of primary source documents, this book provides a stimulating, authoritative and balanced introduction to the study of Hitler and Nazi Germany.”

McFee, Gordon. “In the Nazis’ Words.”4 Apr. 2004. Web. 6 Apr. 2012. <>. “This collection of quotations by Nazi leaders speaks for itself. The common thread running through all of these quotations is the annihilation of the Jews. All quotations are from Nazi documents, books or speeches, and the German original has in most cases been provided.”

Moorehead, Caroline. A Train in Winter: An Extraordinary Story of Women, Friendship, and Resistance in Occupied France. New York: HarperCollins, 2011. Print. In occupied France the Gestapo hunted down 230 disparate women who had one thing in common–they were engaged in resistant activities. The women turned to one other and “found solace and strength in their deep affection camaraderie.”

“Noemi Shadmi.” Online Torchlighter Film Archive. Yadvashem. Web. 08 Apr. 2012. <>. A Holocaust survivor who became an officer in the Israel Defense Forces remembers her sad life in Nazi concentration camps.

Online Torchlighter Film Archive. Yadvashem. Web. 8 Apr. 2012. <!prettyPhoto>. “Each year, during the official Holocaust Martyrs’ and Heroes’ Remembrance Day ceremony that takes place at Yad Vashem, six torches, representing the six million Jews, are lit by Holocaust survivors. Since 1995 short films depicting the stories of the survivors are shown as each torch is lit. All of these films, containing documentary footage and video testimony, can be accessed (by name, date, country, or year of ceremony) in the Online Torchlighter Film Archive.”

“Ostfront 1944 Deutsch Wochenschau. Deutsche Wochenschau, 1945.” YouTube. Web. 28 Mar. 2012. <>. “German troops defend the homeland during the war’s final months. … German refugees flee westwards.”
Pressac, Jean-Claude. Auschwitz: Technique and Operation of the Gas Chambers. New York, NY: Beate Klarsfeld Foundation, 1989. Print.”Pressac’s analysis is at once exhaustive and convincing. It is based on primary documents and testimonies, original architectural plans, photographs, drawings, worksheets, and schematics.”

Reich, Simon. “The Ford Motor Company and The Third Reich.” Dimensions: A Journal of Holocaust Studies 13.2. Anti-Defamation League. Web. 21 Mar. 2012. <>. “[Ford's German subsidiary] remained an isolated and marginalized business, despite Hitler’s personal admiration for the anti-Semitism of Henry Ford and the mass production techniques Ford had made famous.”

Rosenberg, Jennifer. “Gypsies and The Holocaust.” 20th Century History. Web. 16 Mar. 2012. <>. “The Gypsies of Europe were registered, sterilized, ghettoized, and then deported to concentration and death camps by the Nazis. Approximately 250,000 to 500,000 Gypsies were murdered during the Holocaust – an event they call the Porajmos (the ‘Devouring’).”

Rosenberg, Jennifer. “Wannsee Conference.” 20th Century History. Web. 16 Mar. 2012. <>. “On November 29, 1941, Reinhard Heydrich sent out invitations to a “Final Solution” conference. Although the decision to kill the Jews had already been made, Heydrich realized that there were several impediments to carrying out this policy; he hoped to eliminate these at this conference.”

Seidelman, William E. “Medicine and Murder in the Third Reich.” Dimensions: A Journal of Holocaust Studies 13.1 (1999). Anti-Defamation League. Web. 21 Mar. 2012. <>. “Every captive of the Nazi state was considered to be a potential subject for inhuman research. Helpless victims, the inmates of psychiatric hospitals and concentration camps, were available for exploitation while alive.”

Shirer, William L. The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich; a History of Nazi Germany. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1960. Print. The classic history and commentary on the Third Reich.

“Shoah.” Dir. Claude Lanzmann. Parafrance, 1985. Film. “When ‘Shoah’ was released, 1985, it was instantly historic. The nine-and-a-half hour film about the German death camps in Poland is composed mainly of interviews with Jews who survived them, Germans who helped run them, and Poles who lived alongside them.”

Speer, Albert. Inside the Third Reich: Memoirs. New York: Galahad, 1995. Print. “In this fascinating book, Speer takes a brutally honest look at his role in the war effort, and gives us as complete a view as we are likely to get of the inside of the Nazi state.”

“Surviving the Holocaust: Yaakov Hollander’s Story.” Yadvashem, 24 Apr. 2008. Web. 08 Apr. 2012. <>. “Deported from his home and eventually crammed into the Krakow ghetto, Ya’akov passed through twelve different concentration camps during the Holocaust. … Despite all of the horror he faced as a child, through the help of music, Yaakov has managed to remain an optimistic person.”

“Surviving the Holocaust: Zanne Farbstein.”  Yadshem: Online Torchlighter Film Archive. Yadvashem. Web. 08 Apr. 2012. <>. Zanne Farbstein recounts her horrible days in Nazi concentration camps.

“Third Reich: An Overview.” United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Web. 13 Mar. 2012. <>. “The Nazi rise to power brought an end to the Weimar Republic, a parliamentary democracy established in Germany after World War I. Following the appointment of Adolf Hitler as chancellor on January 30, 1933, the Nazi state (also referred to as the Third Reich) quickly became a regime in which Germans enjoyed no guaranteed basic rights.”

“Twin Holocaust Survivors Describe Arriving at Auschwitz.”  Yadvashem. Web. 8 Apr. 2012. <>. “Identical twin sisters Iudit Barnea and Lia Huber (nées Tchengar) were born in 1937 in the town of Şimleul Silvaniei (Szilagysomlyo), Transylvania. … At Auschwitz, Iudit and Lia suffered the infamous medical experiments of Josef Mengele. The twins always stayed close together. Every night, their mother would sneak into their block and give them her meager portion of bread.”

“The Weimar Republic and the Third Reich.” Wesleyan University. Web. 13 Mar. 2012. <>. A German timeline from 1918 to 1945.

Wiessen, S. Jonathan. “German Industry and the Third Reich: Fifty Years of Forgetting and Remembering.” Dimensions: A Journal of Holocaust Studies. Anti-Defmation League’s Braun Holocaust Institute. Web. 20 Mar. 2012. <>. “The great majority of German businessmen behaved in a decidedly unheroic manner during the Nazi era. Most of them, especially leaders of larger companies, not only refrained from risking their lives to save Jews, but actually profited from the use of forced and slave labor, the ‘Aryanization’ of Jewish property, and the plundering of companies in Nazi-occupied Europe.”

Wilde, Robert. “Top 9 Best World War 2 Films – Other Regions.” European History. Web. 16 Mar. 2012. <>. “There was much more to World War Two in Europe than the Western and Eastern Fronts … and these are films based elsewhere: at sea, in Germany and in numerous other regions.”