Additional Holocaust, Jews

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Sachsenhausen at Oranienburg, where from 1936 to the end of the war 200,000 people were locked up, beaten, hanged, shot and worked to death, ground down by pitiless slave labor and gassed.

 

“4,000 Jewish Survivors of Nazi Camps Issue Manifesto to World, Ask Justice for Jews.” JTA The Global News Service of the Jewish People. 1 Aug. 1945. Web. 28 July 2013. <http://www.jta.org/1945/08/01/archive/4000-jewish-survivors-of-nazi-camps-issue-manifesto-to-world-ask-justice-for-jews?utm_source=Newsletter%20subscribers&utm_campaign=974b681e79-TWJH_2013_6-08&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_2dce5bc6f8-974b681e79-26652337>. “An appeal to ‘all the free peoples of the world’ for justice for the Jews, in the form of a manifesto which will soon be published throughout the world, was completed here today by representatives of 4,000 surviving victims of the concentration camps of Buchenwald, Bergen-Belsen, Dachau, Auswitz, Theresienstadt and Mauthausen, who are now in Switzerland.”

“Belgium Reported Not Anxious to Encourage Return of Jewish Diamond Dealers.” Jewish Telegraphic Agency. 1 Aug. 1945. Web. 28 July 2013. <http://www.jta.org/1945/08/01/archive/belgium-reported-not-anxious-to-encourage-return-of-jewish-diamond-dealers>. “There is little like lihood [sic] that the Belgian Government will offer any inducement to encourage the return of Jewish diamond dealers who fled abroad after the Nazi occupation, it was learned here today. … Antwerp, incidentally, is known for having saved the smallest number of Jews during the occupation and as the city where large numbers of Jews were denounced to the Gestapo by Belgian collaborationists.”

Bonish, Georg. “Nazi Atrocities, Committed by Ordinary People.” Spiegel Online. SPIEGELnet GmbH, 18 Mar. 2008. Web. 07 Aug. 2012. <http://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/everyday-murder-nazi-atrocities-committed-by-ordinary-people-a-542245.html>. “From doctors to opera singers, teachers to truant schoolchildren, the extermination of European Jews was the work of roughly 200,000 ordinary Germans and their helpers. Years of research — not yet complete — reveal how sane members of a modern society committed murder for an evil regime.”

Brice, James S. “German Holocaust Literature: Trendencies.” Diss. Universitat Konstanz, 20006. Konstanzer Online-Publikations-System (KOPS), 12 Jan. 2006. Web. 30 Sept. 2011. <http://kops.ub.uni-konstanz.de/handle/urn:nbn:de:bsz:352-opus-58461>. A 391 page dissertation in English in a pdf. “The development of German Holocaust literature is traced from the war to the present. Basic concepts and definitions relevant to the study are presented. A variety of texts from the sub- jects of history, social science, memoirs, and creative literature are used to illustrate key de- velopments. Memory, silence, trauma and representation are also considered. The trends and tendencies are placed in the context of social and political developments, alongside trends in historiography and social science.”

(Bruno) Bar-On, D. “Holocaust Perpetrators and Their Children: A Paradoxical Morality.” Journal of Humanistic Psychology 29.4 (1989): 424-43. Print. “Thru study attempts to trace evidence of a suppressed moral conflict in perpetrators of the extermination process during the Third Reich and in perpetrators’ children.”

Chandler, Adam. “What We’ve Learned from the St. Louis.” Tablet Magazine. 4 June 2013. Web. 15 June 2013. <http://www.tabletmag.com/scroll/133871/what-weve-learned-from-the-st-louis>. “One of the most grievous emblems of the world’s indifference to the rise of Nazi Germany and its persecution of European Jews is the MS St. Louis, a German ocean liner that brought nearly 1,000 Jewish passengers across the Atlantic, only to be denied entry by the United States, Cuba, and Canada. As it’s well-known, the St. Louis had little choice but eventually turn around and return to Europe, where roughly a quarter of the passengers perished. By many accounts, it was June 4, 1939, when the refugee ship was officially denied entry to the United States while it idled near the coast of Florida, taunted by the lights of Miami.”

Cohen, Patricia. “Italian Praised for Saving Jews Is Now Seen as Nazi Collaborator.” The New York Times 19 June 2013. The New York Times. 20 June 2013. Web. 20 June 2013. <http://www.nytimes.com/2013/06/20/arts/an-italian-saint-in-the-making-or-a-collaborator-with-nazis.html?nl=todaysheadlines>. He [Giovanni Palatucci] has been called the Italian Schindler, credited with helping to save 5,000 Jews during the Holocaust. Giovanni Palatucci, a wartime police official, has been honored in Israel, in New York and in Italy, where squares and promenades have been named in his honor, and in the Vatican, . . . But at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, the tale of his heroic exploits is being removed from an exhibition after officials there learned of new evidence suggesting that, far from being a hero, he was an enthusiastic Nazi collaborator involved in the deportation of Jews to Auschwitz.”

Edelheit, Abraham J., and Hershel Edelheit. History of the Holocaust: A Handbook and Dictionary. Boulder: Westview, 1994. Print. “The scholarly and well-organized presentation of the material notably fulfills the Edelheits’ stated purpose of providing a concise overview of Jewish history during the Nazi era, a comprehensive Holocaust glossary, and a tabular and graphic presentation of applicable information.”

Engelmayer, Juda. “Film-maker Chronicles Holocaust Connections of Multinational I.G. Farben.” Spero News. 20 May 2013. Web. 15 June 2013. <http://www.speroforum.com/a/YUCWCUTFMQ25/74015-Filmmaker-chronicles-Holocaust-connections-of-multinational-IG-Farben>. “I.G. Farben was perhaps the first true ‘multinational corporation’; it was the very model of a modern major conglomerate: brilliant, inventive, diversified—and ruthless in its pursuit of the bottom line. As the largest company in Europe during World War II, its rise and fall provides a shocking example of a profit-driven culture run amok. … Gruber’s film, tentatively entitled A Deal with the Devil, is based on the seminal book The Crime and Punishment of I.G. Farben by Joseph Borkin. It traces the company’s remarkable history from the middle of the 19th century to the present day. Gruber’s production company, Black Eye Productions, is fundraising for an imminent aspect of the film—to interview Holocaust survivor Branko Lustig, who was a slave laborer at I.G. Farben’s infamous Auschwitz concentration camp.”

“Exploring the Vilnius Ghetto.” ReVilna. Web. 17 June 2013. <http://www.revilna.org/>. “reVilna is a digital mapping project dedicated to understanding how the residents of the Ghetto lived, how the ghetto functioned — even, given the circumstances, flourished — how it emerged, and how, ultimately, it was liquidated. Using geographical science and technology, reVilna seeks to reimagine the Vilna Ghetto.”

“Faces of World’s Most Wanted Nazis: The Last Chance to Bring Third Reich War Criminals to Justice.” Mail Online. 27 July 2013. Web. 28 July 2013. <http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2380039/Nazi-war-criminals-Faces-worlds-wanted-Nazis.html>. “These are the faces of some of the most wanted war criminals of the Third Reich who have been named by Nazi hunters in a bid to bring them to justice. The Simon Wiesenthal Center is offering rewards of £20,000 for information to help with the last round-ups of up to 60 Nazis who committed atrocities during the Second World War. Among those identified is Danish-born SS officer Soren Kam, 91, who is accused of murdering a journalist in 1943 and is currently believed to live in Bavaria, Germany.”

First, Alan. “Sad Missions.” Tablet Magazine. 14 Oct. 2010. Web. 05 July 2013. <http://www.tabletmag.com/jewish-news-and-politics/47203/sad-missions>. “The spy novelist rediscovers Menahem Bader’s Aliyah B book, about the brave men and women who smuggled Jews from prewar Europe to Mandate Palestine. Not the usual book review, maybe, a book you can’t buy. At all, I thought initially, but it can apparently be downloaded from Google Books, so at least it can be read. The book is Sad Missions, by Menahem Bader—he is “Menachem” in his Wikipedia article—translated from Hebrew, copyright by Sifriat Poalim and printed in Israel by Hidakel Press in 1979. . . . I’m a veteran of the hard-to-find book war, but at this I had to work hard, because the book had practically disappeared. Eventually, I managed.”

“Fishermen Establish Regular Ferry Service for Refugees Between Denmark and Sweden.” JTA Jewish News Archive. 6 Oct. 1943. Web. 8 Oct. 2012. <http://archive.jta.org/article/1943/10/11/2860931/fishermen-establish-regular-ferry-service-for-refugees-between-denmark-and-sweden>. “[Eight?] hundred Danish Jews were landed in Sweden yesterday and another 800 reached here on Friday. German naval vessels continue to patrol Danish waters, however, and four of the ships carrying refugees have been sunk. Several Danish fishermen have also been arrested.”

Friedlander, Albert. “Is Forgiveness Possible?A Jewish Perspective.” BBC – History – World Wars. BBC, 17 Feb. 2011. Web. 27 Sept. 2011. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/genocide/forgive_01.shtml>. A rabbi explores the question “Can Jewish people forgive the atrocities of the Holocaust?”

“Full Text of AJC Letter to Minister.” Jewish Telegraphic Agency. JTA: The Global News Service of the Jewish People, 4 Dec. 1934. Web. 18 June 2013. <http://www.jta.org/1934/12/04/archive/full-text-of-ajc-letter-to-minister>. “On November 22, 1934, a committee of the American Jewish Congress consisting of Rabbi Stephen S. Wise, Professor Horace M. Kallen, Dr. Samuel Margoshes, Nathan D. Perlman and Dr. Joshua Goldberg, had the honor of calling upon you by appointment for the purpose of expressing to you, and asking you to transmit to your government, the deep concern of the officers and members of the American Jewish Congress over the increasing disabilities imposed upon the Jewish citizens of Austria.”

Glazer, Susan D. “Ghettos under the Nazis.” My Jewish Learning. Web. 04 Aug. 2013. <http://www.myjewishlearning.com/history/Modern_History/1914-1948/The_Holocaust/War/Ghettos.shtml>. “During World War II, the Nazis established more than 400 ghettos for the purpose of isolating and controlling the Jews. The term “ghetto” originated in sixteenth-century Venice where it was used to refer to the Jewish quarter. As medieval restrictions on Jewish residence spread across Italy and beyond to central and western Europe, the word ‘ghetto’ followed, referring to the section of the city where Jews were forced to live. The following article chronicles the Nazis’ use of the medieval concept of ghettos to isolate Jews during World War II.”

Goss, Jennifer L. “Evian Conference.” About.com 20th Century History. About.com. Web. 17 June 2013. <http://history1900s.about.com/od/1930s/a/Evian.htm>. “From July 6 to 15, 1938, representatives from 32 countries met at the resort town of Evian-les-Bains, France, at the request of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, to discuss the issue of Jewish immigration from Nazi Germany. It was the hope of many that these countries could find a way to open their doors to allow more than their usual quotas of immigrants into their countries. Instead, although they commiserated with the plight of the Jews under the Nazis, every country but one refused to allow in more immigrants; the Dominican Republic was the only exception. In the end, the Evian Conference showed Germany that no one wanted the Jews, leading the Nazis to a different solution to the ‘Jewish question’ – extermination.”

Gross, Jan T. “The Treblinka Gold Rush.” Tablet Magazine. 21 May 2013. Web. 30 June 2013. <http://www.tabletmag.com/jewish-arts-and-culture/books/99982/the-treblinka-gold-rush>. “After World War II, Polish peasants hunted for jewels and gold amid the human remains at former Nazi death camps. . . . We are in the middle of Europe right after World War II. The peasants in the photograph are standing atop the ashes of 800,000 Jews gassed and cremated in the Treblinka extermination camp between July 1942 and October 1943. The peasants have been digging through remains of Holocaust victims, hoping to find gold and precious stones that their Nazi executioners may have overlooked.”

Grunwald-Spier, Agnes. The Other Schindlers: Why Some People Chose to save Jews in the Holocaust. Stroud: History, 2010. Print. “Thanks to Thomas Keneally’s book Schindler’s Ark, and the film based on it, Schindler’s List, people have become more aware of the fact that, in the midst of Hitler’s extermination of the Jews, courage and humanity could still overcome evil. While six million Jews were murdered by the Nazi regime, some were saved through the actions of non-Jews whose consciences would not allow them to pass by on the other side, and many are honored by Israel’s official memorial to Jewish Holocaust victims, Yad Vashem, as ‘Righteous among the Nations’ for their actions. As a baby, Agnes Grunwald-Spier was herself saved from the horrors of Auschwitz by an unknown official, and is now a trustee of the Holocaust Memorial Day Trust. She has collected the stories of 30 individuals who rescued Jews, providing a new insight into why these people were prepared to risk so much for their fellow men and women.”

“Hidden from Nazis, Ancient Jewish Headstones Unearthed in Vienna.” Jewish Telegraphic Agency. 11 July 2013. Web. 12 July 2013. <http://www.jta.org/2013/07/11/news-opinion/world/hidden-from-nazis-ancient-jewish-headstones-unearthed-in-vienna>. “Twenty ancient headstones that were hidden in the ground during the Nazi occupation were discovered during renovation work at Vienna’s oldest Jewish cemetery.”

Kaiser, Menachem. “A New Interactive Map of the Vilna Ghetto Asks: What Good Is History If It Isn’t Told?” Tablet Magazine. 20 June 2013. Web. 20 June 2013. <http://www.tabletmag.com/jewish-arts-and-culture/135233/revilna?utm_source=tabletmagazinelist>. “The history of the Vilna Ghetto usually goes something like this. On June 22, 1941, the German army invaded Soviet-occupied Lithuania and, within days, captured the capital, Vilna (today’s Vilnius). By July, the German military administration had seized control of all major civilian institutions; and on Sept. 6, 1941, 40,000 Jewish inhabitants were driven into two ghettos. The smaller Ghetto 2 was liquidated on Oct. 21. Ghetto 1—whose population by early 1942 had stabilized at about 15,000 to 20,000 Jews—was liquidated in September 1943. There were very few survivors. … reVILNA, a just-launched digital mapping project of the Vilna Ghetto, is the response: a virtual reclamation of the space. Using filters and a search function, visitors to the site can explore the ghetto on their own, or follow built-in storylines—sort of like virtual tours—which are either chronological or topical in nature and include resistance, health, education, government, art and culture, and more.”

Kershaw, I. “The Persecution of the Jews and German Popular Opinion in the Third Reich.” The Leo Baeck Institute Yearbook 26.1 (1981): 261-89. Leobaeck.orfordjournals.org. Leo Baeck Institute. Web. 5 July 2013. <http://leobaeck.oxfordjournals.org/content/26/1/261.extract#>. “To what extent did antisemitism serve to integrate the German people an mobilize them behind the Nazi leadership during the Third Reich? That is the central question which this article seeks to answer.”

Klemperer, Victor, and Martin Chalmers. I Will Bear Witness 1942-1945: A Diary of the Nazi Years. New York: Modern Library, 2001. Print. “This second volume of Klemperer’s diary of the Nazi years confirms its place alongside Anne Frank’s diary and Elie Wiesel’s Night in the pantheon of Holocaust literature. Yet in many ways it is a more valuable source for the historian and general reader, as Klemperer gives the most finely detailed and intricately delineated portrait of the Nazi era for the man-in-the-street. Granted, as a Jew married to an “Aryan” woman, and with his incredible capacity to see what his fellow Germans couldn’t or wouldn’t see, Klemperer was no ordinary German. Rather, he was an ordinary man in his desire to live freely–and in his empathy. The defining characteristic of the diary is how he maintains a capacity for the human in the face of the barbaric.”

Kuttler, Hillel. “Seeking Kin: Photo Brings Desperate Hope for a Holocaust Miracle.” Jewish Telegraphic Agency. JTA: The Global News Service of the Jewish People, 6 June 2013. Web. 17 June 2013. <http://www.jta.org/2013/06/06/life-religion/photo-brings-desperate-hope-for-a-holocaust-miracle>. “Picking up her mail about a year ago, 88-year-old Rose Goteiner stopped in her tracks upon seeing the photo on a newsletter cover. Posing shortly after the Holocaust ended, 21 people were standing before a truck marked “American Joint Distribution Committee” — the relief organization later known as the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee. There were young children and teenagers, plus a few adults. In the middle of the front row was a girl wearing a light-colored dress, hands at her sides and staring into the camera.”

“Letters to Afar at the Museum of the History of Polish Jews.” YIVO. Web. 17 June 2013. <http://www.yivoinstitute.org/about/index.php?tid=154&aid=1172>. “Letters to Afar Museum of the History of Polish Jews May 18 – September 30, 2013 Video installation by Péter Forgács with music by The Klezmatics, commissioned by the Museum of the History of Polish Jews in Warsaw and the YIVO Institute for Jewish Research in New York The audiovisual installation Letters to Afar is based on home movies made by Jewish immigrants from the United States visiting their hometowns in Poland during the 1920s and 30s. Filming for their families back in America, they recorded relatives and friends in their daily surroundings, capturing unique moments that allow the viewer to be at once ‘there’ and ‘now.’ These films also provide a glimpse of the autonomy and richness of Jewish life in interwar Poland—a snapshot of the diversity of school, youth, self-help and cultural organizations that existed even in the smallest towns. This broad social panorama can be discerned best in the films made by members of American landsmanshaftn, organizations of immigrant Jews from the same locality that often tried to organize help for their former communities in Poland.”

Medina, Jennifer. “Many Holocaust Survivors Living in Poverty, Report Says.” The New York Times. 16 Apr. 2007. Web. 10 Nov. 2012. <http://www.nytimes.com/2007/04/16/world/africa/16iht-web-holocaust16.5309346.html>. “JERUSALEM — Every year here, Holocaust Memorial Day is marked with a solemn focus. The cafés close early. Air raid sirens are blasted throughout the country for two full minutes. Television stations devote hours of programs to commemorate the killing of six million Jews. But another number received a laser-sharp focus Monday: Nearly one-third of the estimated 260,000 Holocaust survivors here are now living in poverty.”

Medoff, Rafel. “Tarzan and The Holocaust.” JNS.org. 10 Sept. 2012. Web. 10 Nov. 2012. <http://www.jns.org/latest-articles/2012/9/10/tarzan-and-the-holocaust.html>. “In one of the Hebrew novellas, Tarzan helps smuggle Jewish refugees out of Europe and past the British naval blockade of Palestine. At one point in the story, Tarzan is captured by the British and imprisoned, although he later escapes. In real life, the Irgun Zvai Leumi underground militia in Palestine initiated the Aliyah Bet (unauthorized immigration) campaign in 1937. It brought an estimated 20,000 Jews to the Holy Land during the next four years. About 7,500 miles away, a handful of Jewish activists were looking for donors in Hollywood to help bankroll the Aliyah Bet operations.”

Memory of the Camps. Frontline. PBS, 3 May 2005. Web. 05 July 2013. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/camp/>. “For more than thirty years this film of the death camps had been stored in a vault of the Imperial War Museum, London. Today it is recognized as one of the most definitive and unforgettable records of the 20th century’s darkest hour.”

“New York Museums Have Not Returned Nazi-seized Art.” New York Post. 7 Oct. 2012. Web. 19 Oct. 2012. <http://www.nypost.com/p/news/local/that_nazi_loot_art_is_mein_18eatpbSRGsvvvUlrDROII>. “Between 1933 and 1945, the Nazis seized an estimated 650,000 works of art, taking them from Jewish families and grabbing so-called ‘degenerate’ art — including works by Picasso, Matisse, Chagall and van Gogh — off the walls of German museums. Many of the plundered paintings and other works were destroyed, but others were sold abroad with the cash going back to the Nazi war machine. It took 50 years, but Jewish families thought they might finally receive some justice for this massive theft.” But they haven’t.

Pinto-Duschinsky, Michael. “Holocaust Reparations: The Back Story.” Jewish Ideas Daily. 13 Aug. 2012. Web. 26 Oct. 2012. <http://www.jewishideasdaily.com/4734/features/holocaust-reparations-the-back-story/>. “On July 10th [2012], dignitaries from the U.S., German, and Israeli governments attended a curious ceremony at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington. The gathering marked the 60th anniversary of the first agreement by the West German government with the Israeli government and the Jewish ‘Claims Conference’ to grant modest financial compensation for the Holocaust. Some of the Jews in the room had spent the years since the agreement in seemingly interminable haggling.”

Playing for Time. Dir. Daniel Mann. Perf. Vanessa Redgrave. Szygzy Productions, 1980. IMDb. Web. 24 June 2013. <http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0081344/?ref_=sr_1>. “Female prisoners in a Nazi concentration camp (Auschwitz) are spared from death in return for performing music for their captors.”

“Poster Collection Looted by Nazis to Be Auctioned.” JTA Jewish News Archive. Jewish Telegraph Agency, 5 Nov. 2012. Web. 10 Nov. 2012. <http://www.jta.org/news/article/2012/11/05/3111096/poster-collection-looted-by-nazis-to-go-on-sale>. “The more than 4,300 posters collected by Hans Sachs and looted by the Nazis will be auctioned at Guernsey’s in New York on Jan. 18 [2013], though the auction house is seeking to sell the entire collection to one buyer. The posters are worth about $5.8 million, according to Bloomberg.”

“Rescue.” United States Holocaust Memorial Museum: Holocaust Encyclopedia: Rescue. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Web. 29 May 2011. <http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005185>. “Despite the indifference of most Europeans and the collaboration of others in the murder of Jews during the Holocaust, individuals in every European country and from all religious backgrounds risked their lives to help Jews.”

“Rescuers of Jews.” Traces.org Website. Northwest Minnesota Center, Minnesota State University Moorhead. Web. 09 May 2011. <http://www.traces.org/>. This website’s purpose is help people “to learn more about the subjects of Jewish Refugees and the Holocaust.” Herman Stern, an American German-Jewish immigrant, helped 125 Jews flee Nazi Germany, during the depression with proceeds from his business to “buy the lives of individuals who otherwise might have perished.”

Rosenberg, Anat. “Holocaust Graphic Novels Give Israelis a Way To Connect to a Past Not Quite Theirs.” Tablet Magazine. 31 July 2013. Web. 31 July 2013. <http://www.tabletmag.com/jewish-arts-and-culture/139468/holocaust-graphic-novels?utm_source=tabletmagazinelist>. “With two recent publications, Israel has further embraced the form of the Holocaust-related graphic novel: The first is Michel Kichka’s memoir Second Generation: Things I Never Told My Father, which was originally released in French and, like Maus, recounts growing up in the shadow of a Holocaust survivor. The second is Rutu Modan’s The Property, a fictional account of a young Israeli woman and her grandmother who travel to Poland to reclaim an apartment belonging to the family before the war, published simultaneously in Hebrew and English.”

Rosensaft, Menchem Z. “A Meditation on Remembrance.” The Washington Post. 25 June 2013. Web. 1 July 2013. <http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/on-faith/wp/2013/06/25/a-meditation-on-remembrance/>. While attending a multi-media program on the “Lost Music of the Holocaust” the author was startled to see “the photograph of my father, Josef Rosensaft, as a young man standing near the castle in his hometown of Będzin. At that moment I remembered the lyrics of a song by the Yiddish poet Yosef Papiernikov and I could almost hear my father singing it in his beautiful tenor voice: Zol zayn az ikh boy in der luft mayne shlesser Zol zayn az mayn Got iz ingantsn nishto In troym iz mir heller, in troym iz mir besser In kholem – der himl – nokh bloyer fun bloy.”

Roth, Mtthue. “Bambi…and the Holocaust.” Jewniverse. My Jewish Learning, 24 June 2013. Web. 24 June 2013. <http://thejewniverse.com/2013/bambi-in-the-holocaust/>. “In 1936 … Bambi was banned by the ruling Nazi party because of its ‘political allegory on the treatment of Jews in Europe.’ Burnings of the book were organized across Nazi states.”

Rupnow, Dirk. “Racializing Historiography: Anti-Jewish Scholarship in the Third Reich.” Patterns of Prejudice 42.1 (2008): 27-59. Academic Search Premier. Web. 10 Aug. 2012. “Despite continued debates about the role of German historians in the Third Reich, current scholarship views the work that was conducted under National Socialism under the rubric of Judenforschung (research on Jews as a marginal and pseudo-scientific phenomenon.”

“Russian Lawmaker Wants to Strip Holocaust Survivors of Privileges.” JTA: The Global News Service of the Jewish People. Jewish Telegraph Agency. Web. 10 Nov. 2012. <http://www.jta.org/news/article/2012/11/04/3111056/russian-lawmaker-wants-to-strip-holocaust-survivors-of-priviliges>. ” A Russian lawmaker from President Vladimir Putin’s ruling United Russia party reportedly opposed making public transportation free for Holocaust survivors.”

Sacks, Sam. “Vasily Grossman: Loser, Saint.” The New Yorker. 25 June 2013. Web. 05 July 2013. <http://www.newyorker.com/online/blogs/books/2013/06/vasily-grossman-loser-saint.html>. “There were two major acts in the life of Jewish-Russian writer Vasily Grossman, and in each he played a different role. The first is bound up in the epochal events of the twentieth century: the battles of Stalingrad, Kursk, and Berlin; the genocides at Treblinka and Auschwitz. In the travel memoir he wrote late in his life, published for the first time in English earlier this year, under the title ‘An Armenian Sketchbook,’ Grossman brushes the surface of his experiences in the Second World War: ‘I crossed the Volga more than once under German fire. I experienced both massive bombing raids and barrages of mortar and artillery fire.’ He was the star correspondent for the Red Army, and his dispatches for the newspaper Red Star documented with thrilling immediacy the Nazi lightning attack upon the U.S.S.R., the decisive reversal at Stalingrad, and the Soviet’s slow, bloody bulldozer-march to the German capital. That westward advance took him through the Nazi camps in Poland and his 1944 report ‘The Hell Called Treblinka”’was the first article about a death camp ever published. It remains one of the finest, providing firsthand forensic documentation—Grossman meticulously lays out the physical dimensions of the camp, down to the square footage—and then icily explaining the engineering of genocide.”

Schorsch, Ismar. “From Reparations to Atonement.” Jewish Ideas Daily. 28 Jan. 2013. Web. 15 June 2013. <http://www.jewishideasdaily.com/5832/features/from-reparations-to-atonement-the-stages-of-germanys-coming-to-terms-with-its-past/>. “Ismar Schorsch, former chancellor of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America, delivered these remarks in German more than a year ago, in Hanover, where he was born and where his father served for 11 years as rabbi. He repeated them yesterday, on International Holocaust Remembrance Day, in Esslingen, his mother’s birthplace. They are presented here in his translation.”

Schorsch, Ismar. “Today’s Germans Atone for the Holocaust.” Letter. 23 July 1994. The New York Times. Nytimes. Web. 12 July 2013. <http://www.nytimes.com/1994/07/23/opinion/l-today-s-germans-atone-for-the-holocaust-752487.html>. ISMAR SCHORSCH Chancellor, Jewish Theological Seminary of America New York, July 13, 1994. “The Germany of 1994 is not the Germany of 1944, and American Jews ought not to allow the spectacular and deserved success of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington to perpetuate this destructive myth. The widespread initiatives by Germans at the local level amount to a form of spiritual restitution that surely warrants tempering the feelings of hatred on the other side.”

Shriver Jr., Donald W. “Bystanders: Conscience and Complicity During the Holocaust.” Rev. of Bystanders. Christian Century 2 Aug. 2000: 812. Academic Search Premier. Web. 7 Aug. 2012. “Bystanders is a powerful argument against such moral-empirical flippancy. Victoria Barnett, a consultant for the Department of Church Relations of the Holocaust Museum, explores an area that has received relatively scant attention in Holocaust studies. Her thesis matches Bauer’s: ‘In the long term, Nazism was powerful not just because of the numbers of party stalwarts, but because millions of Germans were prepared to inform on one another, obey orders, and remain passive while others became victims.’”

Smith, Jordan M. “Life inside the Camps.” Tablet Magazine. 28 Mar. 2013. Web. 30 June 2013. <http://www.tabletmag.com/jewish-arts-and-culture/books/95282/life-inside-the-camps>. “Dutch Jew David Koker’s extraordinary diary, a clear-eyed and sensitive account of life inside a concentration camp, is finally available in English. … At the Edge of the Abyss: A Concentration Camp Diary, 1943-1944, was first published in Dutch in 1977 as Diary Written in Vught. Despite immediately being recognized as a classic in the Netherlands, it has never seen publication in English, until now.”

Snyder, Donald. “After Decades, Family Unravels Holocaust Mystery.” NBC News. 14 Apr. 2013. Web. 14 Apr. 2013. <http://worldnews.nbcnews.com/_news/2013/04/14/17723483-after-decades-family-unravels-holocaust-mystery>. “While Israel recently marked its annual Holocaust Remembrance Day dedicated to the 70th anniversary of the Warsaw ghetto uprising, it’s hard to imagine that anyone could still just be learning the fate of their loved ones from that tragic era. But that’s exactly what happened to Amos Cohen, a shipbuilder living in Haifa, Israel. He only recently learned the fate of his long-lost relative Rose Kobylinski, who died in a German death march and was buried in a Roman Catholic cemetery in a small village in Poland.”

Steal a Pencil for Me. Dir. Michele Ohayon. 2007. IMDb. Web. 11 Sept. 2012. <http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1045889/plotsummary?ref_=tt_ov_pl>. “Director Michèle Ohayon’s moving documentary chronicles the unshakeable romance between Jack Polak and Ina Soep of Amsterdam, who met and fell in love despite their deportation to Nazi concentration camps during the war. As they corresponded with love letters composed on any scrap of paper they could find, the couple’s blossoming relationship coincided with the horrors of the Holocaust and their internment in Westerbork and Bergen-Belsen.”

“Stefan Terlezki.” Telegraph.com. Telegraphic Media Group, 27 Feb. 2006. Web. 2 Aug. 2012. <http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/obituaries/1511541/Stefan-Terlezki.html>. “Stefan Terlezki, who died on February, aged 78, endured an appalling youth as a slave of the Nazis during the Second World War, and even survived being rescued by the Russians …”

Steinfeld, Irena. “Tracing the Memory of Goodness.” Ehri-project-eu. European Holocaust Research Infrastructure. Web. 27 May 2013. <http://www.ehri-project.eu/drupal/tracing-goodness>. “The Righteous Among the Nations program is an unprecedented attempt by victims to pay tribute to people who stood by them at a time of persecution and tragedy. Its purpose is to single out, within the nations of perpetrators, collaborators, and bystanders, individuals who bucked the general trend and protected Jews from death and deportation.”

Surghroue, Lorri. “From Hell to Here — Southwest Nebraska Helped Death Camp Survivor Start New Life.” McCook Daily Gazette. 14 June 2013. Web. 12 July 2013. <http://www.mccookgazette.com/story/1978273.html>. “A recently-deceased survivor of Nazi death camps began a new life in America more than 60 years ago, thanks to an American GI from Lebanon, Nebraska. Benny Hochman was 89 when he passed away May 29 in Sidney, Nebraska, a life marked with atrocities he suffered in Auschwitz and Buchenwald but ending with an untiring love of his adopted country.”

“Swiss Banks’ Holocaust Fund Has Paid out $1.24 Billion.” JTA.org. Jewish Telegraphic Agency, 15 July 2013. Web. 16 July 2013. <http://www.jta.org/2013/07/15/news-opinion/world/swiss-banks-holocaust-fund-has-paid-out-1-24-billion?utm_source=Newsletter+subscribers&utm_campaign=11d83f1049-JTA_Daily_Briefing_6_18_2013&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_2dce5bc6f8-11d83f1049-26652337>. “Holocaust survivors and victims’ heirs have received $1.24 billion from a Swiss fund set up in 1998 following a scandal over dormant accounts of Jews killed in World War II, according to a Jewish weekly.”

“Underground Tunnel Discovered at Sobibor.” JTA.org. Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Web. 05 July 2013. <http://www.jta.org/2013/06/06/news-opinion/world/underground-tunnel-discovered-at-sobibor>. “Polish and Israeli archaeologists discovered traces of an underground tunnel at the site of the former death camp in Sobibor. The tunnel, whose discovery was announced on Wednesday, ran from a barracks to outside the camp fence. It may have been dug by the prisoners of the Sonderkommando who worked in the camp burning the corpses of murdered Jews.”

“Victor Klemperer: ‘I Am German, the Others Are Un-German’” SPIEGEL ONLINE. Spiegel.de, 11 Feb. 2005. Web. 21 May 2013. <http://www.spiegel.de/international/victor-klemperer-i-am-german-the-others-are-un-german-a-341147.html>. “The Nazis made Victor Klemperer’s life a living hell. Baptized Christian but of Jewish descent, Hitler’s henchmen labeled him ‘un-German.’ In a bizarre twist of fate, Klemperer could essentially thank a catastrophe — the bombing of Dresden sixty years ago — for saving him from the terror of the Nazi regime.”

“Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive.” Holocust.umd.umich. University of Michigan. Web. 05 July 2013. <http://holocaust.umd.umich.edu/>. “Since 1981, Dr. Sidney Bolkosky, Professor of History at the University of Michigan-Dearborn, has interviewed Holocaust survivors. The University’s Mardigian Library has been the repository of these interviews. It has been our privilege to provide a forum for those voices, ‘listening ears,’ as one survivor notes, and the facilities to record the testimonies. As a University of distinction, the campus has demonstrated its dignity and character because of the respect it has accorded the tapes and the people who made them.”

Ward, Lucy. “Kindertransport: ‘To My Dying Day, I Will Be Grateful to This Country’” The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group, 26 May 2013. Web. 15 June 2013. <http://www.telegraph.co.uk/history/britain-at-war/10080264/Kindertransport-To-my-dying-day-I-will-be-grateful-to-this-country.html>. “Seventy-five years after the first evacuation to Britain of Jewish children from Nazi Europe – known as the Kindertransport – we hear from some of those rescued who made a new life here.”

Wygoda, Mark, ed. Shadow of the Swaskita. Chicago: University of Illinois, 1998. Print. This book tells the story of a Polish Jew whose harrowing wartime adventures reached their amazing end when he received the American Bronze Star in June 1946.

Zeltserman, Lea. “Ghosts of Soviet Holocaust Cinema Finally Escape From the Censors’ Files.” Tablet Magazine. 12 June 2013. Web. 17 June 2013. <http://www.tabletmag.com/jewish-arts-and-culture/134722/soviet-holocaust-cinema>. “Olga Gershenson, a professor of Judaic and Near Eastern Studies at the University of Massachusetts Amherst and the preeminent name in Soviet Holocaust film history. Wherever a Soviet Holocaust movie is screened, Gershenson is there, leading the discussion and translating the Soviet messaging for contemporary audiences. Her third book, The Phantom Holocaust: Soviet Cinema and Jewish Catastrophe, which will be released next week, traces the story of a shadow Soviet film industry that only rarely managed to represent the tragedy that filmmakers, directors, and screenwriters sought to warn against or memorialize. While films like Schindler’s List are often the way Westerners are first exposed to the Holocaust, there are no parallels in Soviet/Russian culture—Professor Mamlock was shown briefly after Hitler invaded the USSR, but had disappeared from Soviet theaters by the end of the 1940s.”