Additional Hitler

429px-Gitler-vizvolitel

Nazi propaganda poster made for the Reichskommissariat Ukraine with the portrait of Hitler and the inscription reading in Ukrainian language HITLER THE LIBERATOR.

 In Mein Kampf  Hitler … promised,  ”to do away with the idea that what he does with his own body is each individiual’s own business.”

“Beer Hall Putsch.” History.com. A&E Television Networks. Web. 03 July 2013. <http://www.history.com/topics/beer-hall-putsch>. “From November 8 to November 9, 1923, Adolf Hitler (1889-1945) and his followers staged the Beer Hall Putsch in Munich, a failed takeover of the government in Bavaria, a state in southern Germany. Since 1921, Hitler had led the Nazi Party, a fledgling political group that promoted German pride and anti-Semitism and was unhappy with the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, the peace settlement that ended World War I (1914-18) and required many concessions and reparations from Germany. In the aftermath of the failed ‘putsch,’ or coup d’état, Hitler was convicted of treason and sentenced to five years in prison.”

Bessel, Richard. The Hidden Hitler: Richard Bessel Reviews the Controversial New Book by Lothar Machtan. Perseus. History Today. Web. 19 May 2013. <http://www.historytoday.com/richard-bessel/hidden-hitler>. “Opening his biography of Adolf Hitler nearly three decades ago, Joachim Fest observed: ‘Hardly any other prominent figure in history so covered his tracks, as far as his personal life was concerned.’ With his new book on The Hidden Hitler, Lothar Machtan offers a fascinating picture of what the Nazi dictator may have been trying to hide: a history of homosexual relationships beginning during his spell as a young man in Vienna, extending through his wartime military service, and continuing into his early postwar years in Munich.”

Deutsch, Harold C. Hitler and His Generals; the Hidden Crisis, January-June 1938. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, 1974. Print. This book “focuses on sensational events centering about Hitler’s successful efforts to oust Field Marshal Werner von Blomberg, the War Minister, and Colonel General Baron von Fritsch, the Army commander in chief, in order to consolidate control of the military in his own hands.”

“Did Hitler Ban Gun Ownership?”. 16 June 2000. Web. 13 Aug. 2012. <http://www.straightdope.com/columns/read/1791/did-hitler-ban-gun-ownership>. “I’ve seen references to, and bumper stickers stating, that Hitler took all the guns away from law abiding Germans in 1936. The inference is that this led to the disarming of the populace and its fall into a dictatorship. I’ve read extensively about the Third Reich and have never seen a mention of this.”

Eberle, Henrik, ed. The Hitler Book: The Secret Dossier Prepared for Stalin from the Interrogations of Hitler’s Personal Aides. New York: Public Affairs, 2005. Print. “Even after Hitler’s death, Stalin remained so intrigued by his nemesis that he commissioned a top-secret dossier detailing every aspect of the late dictator’s private life, political behavior and personality. The result—File No. 462a, now known as The Hitler Book—was discovered hidden in the Soviet archives just two years  [2007] ago by Uhl, of the Institute of Contemporary History in Munich and Berlin, who presents it with Eberle, a historian at Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg.”

Evans, Richard J. Hitler’s Philosophers by Yvonne Sherrratt. Yale UP, 2013. Print. “An effort to blame German thinkers for Nazism revives a discredited tradition, says Richard J. Evans.”

Fawcett, Bill. Trust Me, I Know What I’m Doing: 100 More Mistakes That Lost Elections, Ended Empires, and Made the World What It Is Today. New York: Berkley, 2012. Print. Hitler’s mistakes are #53 to #78. If he hadn’t made these errors, the world would be in worst shape now.

Hall, Allan. “Hitler’s Confidantes Describe His Last Days in Extraordinary Never-before-seen Interviews.” Mail Online. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2317588/Adolf-Hitlers-confidantes-days-extraordinary-seen-interviews.html>. “Remarkable interviews with the circle of confidantes who surrounded Adolf Hitler in the days before his suicide have been shown for the first time on German television. In testimony from beyond the grave, the group of aides, secretaries and friends described life in the squalid bunker retreat beneath the Reich Chancellery in Berlin as Russian troops moved in. They revealed intimate domestic details of Hitler’s favourite tea, the love letters from his admirers and the love song that he and Eva Braun, the woman he married in the underground hide, listened to over and over again. ”

Haltenborn, Hans V., and Adolf Hitler. “An Interview with Hitler.” The Wisconsin Magazine of History 50.4 (1967): 283-90. JSTOR. Web. 3 May 2011. From previously unpublished documents on Nazi Germany.

Herzog, Dagmar. The Great Mediocrity. Rev. of Hitler by A. N. Wilson. The New York Times 22 June 2012. Print. “A. N. Wilson’s ‘Hitler’ ultimately falls short as a satisfactory substitute for something more substantial.”

“Hitler Becomes Fuhrer.” History.com. A&E Television Networks. Web. 04 May 2013. <http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/hitler-becomes-fuhrer>. “With the death of German President Paul von Hindenburg, Chancellor Adolf Hitler becomes absolute dictator of Germany under the title of Fuhrer, or ‘Leader.’ The German army took an oath of allegiance to its new commander-in-chief, and the last remnants of Germany’s democratic government were dismantled to make way for Hitler’s Third Reich. The Fuhrer assured his people that the Third Reich would last for a thousand years, but Nazi Germany collapsed just 11 years later.”

“Hitler Receives an Ultimatum, 1939.” EyeWitnesstoHistory. 2004. Web. 13 Apr. 2013. <http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/ultimatum.htm>. “Hitler’s aggressive acquisition of territory began in 1936 when he ordered his army to reoccupy the Rhineland district of Germany. Bordering France, the Rhineland had been designated as a demilitarized zone by the Versailles Treaty ending World War I. It was a high-risk endeavor for Hitler. The German troops were unprepared, poorly equipped and had orders to retreat if the French offered any resistance. In the end, the maneuver went smoothly without any hindrance. Encouraged by this result, Hitler went on to absorb Austria and the German dominated Sudetenland area of Czechoslovakia into the German Third Reich in 1938. In March of the next year he occupied the remainder of Czechoslovakia.” The radio report of the surrender of Germany May 8, 1945 is included.

“Hitler Sworn in As German Chancellor; Names Nazi Aides to Two Key Cabinet Positions.” Jewish Telegraphic Agency. JTA: The Global News Service of the Jewish People, 31 Jan. 1933. Web. 15 June 2013. <http://www.jta.org/1933/01/31/archive/hitler-sworn-in-as-german-chancellor-names-nazi-aides-to-two-key-cabinet-positions>. “Defying all forecasts that the strength of the Nationalist Socialist Party was on the wane, would not attain executive power, following its loss of 35 seats in the last November’s election, Adolph Hitler today realized a boast of three years and became Chancellor of Germany. … With the appointment of Hitler the Jewish population of Germany are faced with their worst fears that now the Nazis will put into effect the threats they have been levelling ever since their Parliamentary victory in 1930 made them a leading party in the German republic.”

“Hitler’s Bride Eva Braun’s Farewell Letters Unveiled.” Business Standard. 11 June 2013. Web. 17 June 2013. <http://www.business-standard.com/article/news-ani/hitler-s-bride-eva-braun-s-farewell-letters-unveiled-113061100227_1.html>. “Hitler’s bride Eva Braun spoke about her days with the Nazi leader in her farewell letters, before they committed suicide in a Berlin bunker.”

“Hollywood, Adolf Hitler And The Book ‘The Collaboration: Hollywood’s Pact With Hitler’ The Young Historian Ben Urwand: The Movies Nazis Loved and Hated [SLIDESHOW].” Entertainment & Stars. Inernational Business Times, 2 Aug. 2013. Web. 04 Aug. 2013. <http://au.ibtimes.com/articles/496288/20130802/hollywood-adolf-hitler-movies-nazis-loved-hated.htm>. “Adolf Hitler loved Hollywood movies. Every night at about 9:00, after the Fuehrer had tired out his listeners with his hours-long monologues, he would lead his dinner guests to his private screening room. The lights would go down, and Hitler would fall silent, probably for the first time that day. He laughed heartily at his favorites Laurel and Hardy and Mickey Mouse, and he adored Greta Garbo: Camille brought tears to the Fuehrer’s eyes. Tarzan, on the other hand, he thought was silly.”

Hurst, Fabienne. “Hitler Food Taster Margot Wölk Speaks about Her Memories.” SPIEGEL ONLINE. 2 Apr. 2013. Web. 03 May 2013. <http://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/hitler-food-taster-margot-woelk-speaks-about-her-memories-a-892097.html>. “Each meal could have been her last, but Adolf Hitler’s food taster Margot Wölk lived to tell her story. Forced to test the Nazi leader’s meals for more than two years, the 95-year-old tells SPIEGEL ONLINE that she lived in constant fear.”

“If Hitler Should Become German President: Nazi Official Election Programme Issued: Jen [Jews] Cannot Be Cit[izens].” JTA Archive. JTA: The Global News Service of the Jewish People, 1 Mar. 1932. Web. 29 Dec. 2012. <http://archive.jta.org/article/1932/03/01/2793041/if-hitler-should-become-german-president-nazi-official-election-programme-issued-jen-cannot-be-citizen-and-will-be-placed-under-alien-laws-then-there-is-shortage-of-food-states-first-duty-is-to-its-ci>. “With Hitler in the field as a candidate against President Hindenburg in the presidential election, in which ballotting takes place on March 13th., the Nazi Party is to-day distributing to all houscholders the official Nazi programme, outlining the policy which would be pursued under the Hitlerist regime if Hitler should be elected President.”

Jeltsen, Melissa. “These Photos Of Adolf Hitler After Prison Release Are Unbelievable.” Huffington Post. 11 July 2013. Web. 15 July 2013. <http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/07/11/hitler-photos_n_3579507.html?utm_hp_ref=mostpopular&utm_source=Newsletter+subscribers&utm_campaign=200b15c15d-JTA_Daily_Briefing_6_18_2013&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_2dce5bc6f8-200b15c15d-26652337>. “These are the private photographs Adolf Hitler didn’t want anyone to see. Taken by photographer Heinrich Hoffmann, the extraordinary pictures show Hitler rehearsing while listening to a recording of one of his own speeches. They were reportedly taken in 1925, soon after Hitler was released from a nine-month stint in prison during which he dictated his autobiography, Mein Kampf. After seeing the photographs, Hitler requested that Hoffmann destroy the negatives, but he did not. They were published in his memoir, Hitler Was My Friend, which came out in 1955.”

“Jewish News & Israel News – JNS.org.” JNS.org. Jewish News & Israel News. Web. 15 Mar. 2013. <http://www.jns.org/latest-articles/2013/3/11/grim-75th-anniversary-hitlers-dream-austrian-jewrys-nightmare>. “Adolf Hitler had long dreamed of making his native Austria a part of Germany and subjecting Austria’s Jews to the same fate he had in mind for the Jews of Germany. Seventy-five years ago this month, he made his move.”

Jones, Nigel. “The Fuhrer Was Not Amused.” Spectator Blogs. The Spectator, 6 Nov. 2012. Web. 09 Nov. 2012. <http://blogs.spectator.co.uk/books/2012/11/the-fuhrer-was-not-amused/>. “‘The German sense of humour,’ Mark Twain famously observed, ‘Is no laughing matter.’ Although many Greeks, stretched on the Euro’s rack at Berlin’s behest, may be inclined to agree, Rudolph Herzog’s intriguing study of humour in and against Hitler’s Germany, ‘Dead Funny: Telling Jokes in Hitler’s Germany,’ proves conclusively that the Teutonic funny bone, while it may be difficult to locate, definitely exists.”

Kershaw, Ian. “Hitler Kept Himself Aloof from the Dirtiest Work.” Telegraph.com. 23 Jan. 2005. Web. 2 Aug. 2012. <http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/1481809/Hitler-kept-himself-aloof-himself-aloof-from-the-dirtiest-work.html>. “He never visited a single death camp and would not speak openly about his plans to annihilate the Jews, but the Fuhrer’s indelible imprint can be found at every stage of the ‘Final Solution’, writes Professor Ian Kershaw.”

“Killing Hitler: Assassination Attempts.” Hitler’s Third Reich and World War II in the News . Web. 15 June 2013. <http://hitlernews.cloudworth.com/killing-hitler-assassination-attempts.php>. Links to many articles about assassination attempts on Adolf Hitler. A section of “Welcome to World War II News.”

Kreis, Steven. “Lecture 11: Hitler and World War Two.” The History Guide. 11 Dec. 2011. Web. 22 Apr. 2013. <http://www.historyguide.org/Europe/lecture11.html>. “Because of his experiences in Vienna, World War One, the Münich putsch and in prison, Adolf Hitler dreamed of building a vast German Empire sprawling across Central and Eastern Europe. Lebensraum could only be obtained and sustained by waging a war of conquest against the Soviet Union: German security demanded it and Hitler’s racial ideology required it. War, then, was essential. It was essential to Hitler the man as well as essential to Hitler’s dream of a new Germany.”

Lorenzi, Rosella. “Hitler Used Cocaine and Had Semen Injections.” Discovery News. 4 May 2012. Web. 15 June 2013. <http://news.discovery.com/history/hitler-medical-records-120504.htm>. “Adolf Hitler farted uncontrollably, used cocaine to clear his sinuses, ingested some 28 drugs at a time and received injections of bull testicle extracts to bolster his libido. The startling revelations come from Hitler’s medical records, now up for auction at Alexander Historical Auctions of Stamford, Conn.”

Lorenzi, Rosella. “Proof That Hitler Had An Illegitimate Son?” Discovery News. 18 Feb. 2012. Web. 15 June 2013. <http://news.discovery.com/history/hitlers-illefitimate-son-120218.htm>. “New evidence has emerged to support the controversial claim that Hitler had a son with a French teenager, the French magazine LePoint reported on Friday. The man, Jean-Marie Loret, claimed to be the Fuhrer’s son in 1981, when he published an autobiography called ‘Your Father’s Name Was Hitler.’ He died four years later aged 67, not being able to prove his family line.”

May, Ernest R. Strange Victory: Hitler’s Conquest of France. New York: Hill and Wang, 2000. Print. “Strange Victory, a riveting study not only of those crucial six weeks [Germany's conquest of France] but of the years and days leading up to the German invasion, makes it clear how Hitler, though a lazy, illformed psychopath, outguessed his own experts as to how French and British leaders would respond to german actions.”

Medoff, Rafael. “A World Series Warning About Hitler.” JNS.org. 15 Oct. 2012. Web. 10 Nov. 2012. <http://www.jns.org/latest-articles/2012/10/15/a-world-series-warningabout-hitler.html>. “The 1936 Olympics, scheduled to be held in Nazi Germany, marked the first time basketball would be part of the competition. The Long Islanders stood a strong chance of being chosen to represent the U.S. in Berlin—until the players’ consciences got the better of them. In March 1936, on the eve of the qualifying tournament at Madison Square Garden, university president Tristram Metcalfe shocked the sports world with his announcement that the Blackbirds had decided to boycott Hitler’s Olympics. In view of Hitler’s anti-Jewish abuses, Metcalfe explained, the players decided ‘that the United States should not participate in Olympic Games … ”

Megargee, Geoffrey P. Inside Hitler’s High Command. Lawrence: University of Kansas, 2000. Print. “Hitler emerges from these pages as an adept manipulator. He took full advantage of the tensions in the command structure to divide it and focus it on himself. But he took the officers nowhere they were not at least ready, if not immediately willing, to go.”

“NAZI RANKS SPLIT, REICH SURVEY SAYS.” New York Times 17 June 1934: 20. Print. “Adolf Hitler is still a ‘Messiah’ to the majority of the German people, according to a report on ‘The Political Structure of the Third Reich’ published today by the Foreign Policy Association. The report was prepared by Mildred B. Wertheimer and the research staff of the organization.”

Noakes, Jeremy. “Hitler and ‘Lebensraum’ in the East.” BBC History. BBC, 30 Mar. 2011. Web. 03 July 2013. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/hitler_lebensraum_01.shtml>. “Between 1921 and 1925 Adolf Hitler developed the belief that Germany required Lebensraum (‘living space’) in order to survive. The conviction that this living space could be gained only in the east, and specifically from Russia, formed the core of this idea, and shaped his policy after his take-over of power in Germany in 1933. So where did he get this idea from? And why did he envisage his country’s future living space lying in the east?”

Olden, Rudolf. Hitler, the Pawn. London: V. Gollancz, 1936. Print. “The author’s conversations with a large number of German politicians–until March 1st, 1933, in Germany and subsequently in other countries–have contributed largely to the volume of historical material here presented. The conditions under which these politicians live, both in Germany and outside, make it inadvisable to give their names as evidence and confirmation.”

Peck, Patrice. “Did Hitler Really Snub Jesse Owens at 1936 Berlin Olympics?” BET.com. 3 Aug. 2013. Web. 04 Aug. 2013. <http://www.bet.com/news/global/2013/08/03/did-hitler-really-snub-jesse-owens-at-1936-berlin-olympics.html>. “On Aug. 3, 1936, Jesse Owens launched his way into sports stardom at the Summer Olympics in Berlin, where he racked up his first of four gold medals in the 100 meter sprint. As legend goes, German leader Adolf Hitler snubbed the African-American athlete for humiliating Germany and the Aryan athletes whom he had defeated on the track. However, some have claimed to debunk this supposed myth. Veteran sports reporter Siegfried Mischner told the Daily Mail that Owens had a photograph of the Nazi leader shaking his hand at the sports event.”

Rosenberg, Jennifer. “Hitler Facts.” About.com 20th Century History. About.com. Web. 24 July 2012. <http://history1900s.about.com/od/hitleradolf/a/Hitler-Facts.htm>.

Strupp, Christopher. “‘Only a Phase’: How Diplomats Misjudged Hitler’s Rise.” SPIEGEL ONLINE. 30 Jan. 2013. Web. 15 June 2013. <http://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/marking-eighty-years-since-hitler-took-power-in-germany-a-880565.html>. “‘The political situation now is so complicated and is subject to so many psychological factors that it is impossible to make any definite forecast,’ George S. Messersmith, the United States consul general in Berlin from 1930 to 1934, wrote in a dispatch to the State Department on Feb. 3, 1933. … ‘It may, I believe, be accepted,’ wrote Messersmith, ‘that whether the Hitler regime lasts for a few months or for a longer period, it is only a phase in the development towards more stable political conditions and that this government will be followed by one which will show greater elements of stability than any which Germany has had for some years. The people are politically tired.’”

Sundberg, Walter. “Hitler 1936–1945: Nemesis.” First Things. Mar. 2001. Web. 15 June 2013. <http://www.firstthings.com/article/2007/01/hitler-1936-1945-nemesis-8>. “The question Ian Kershaw faces in the second volume of his massive biography is whether Hitler’s life has a coherent meaning for us, or whether it is as fragmented and partial as his earthly remains. His first volume, Hitler 1889–1936: Hubris (1998), covered Hitler’s early life and rise to power. In that volume the ultimate significance of Hitler’s life was not the urgent question. This final volume tells Hitler’s story from the height of his acclaim in March 1936, after German troops occupied the Rhineland, to his ‘extinction’ (Kershaw’s word) in his bunker in Berlin in April 1945. Kershaw, Professor of History at the University of Sheffield, summarizes the historical meaning of Hitler’s life at the outset: ‘Hitler’s legacy,’ he writes in the Preface, ‘is one of utter destruction.’”

Uzan, Elad. “Wagner and Hitler: Active or Passive Influence?” JPost.com. The Jerusalem Post, 20 Dec. 2012. Web. 15 June 2013. <http://www.jpost.com/Magazine/Opinion/Wagner-and-Hitler-Active-or-passive-influence>. “The year 2013 marks the bicentennial of Richard Wagner’s birth. Once every several years, the debate ensues in Israel over whether or not this composer’s music should be performed publicly. … So, in order to properly examine the connection between Wagner and Hitler, it is imperative to create order in the time line. Wagner died 50 years before Hitler’s rise to power in 1933. However, I argue there is evidence to support the claim that Wagner’s anti-Semitism affected Hitler through indirect channels.”

Waldman, Simon. “At Home with the Fuhrer.” The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 02 Nov. 2003. Web. 14 Apr. 2013. <http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2003/nov/03/secondworldwar.blogging>. “Simon Waldman came across a copy of Homes and Gardens from 1938 which featured an article about Hitler’s house, and posted it to his weblog. This started a bizarre series of events that saw him embroiled in legal wrangles and denounced as a Nazi sympathiser.”

“When Did Hitler Lose The War ?” 2worldwar2. Web. 04 May 2013. <http://www.2worldwar2.com/when-hitler-lost.htm>. “When did Adolf Hitler lose the chance to win World War 2 ? What was the moment in time that before it he could still possibly win the war, and after it his defeat was a matter of time ? (and long continued fighting that still cost so many lives). When was it? How early or late was it ?”