Reference, Bibliographies, Lists

REFERENCE:  ”a source of information (as a book or passage) to which a reader or consulter is referred (2) : a work (as a dictionary or encyclopedia) containing useful facts or information.” Merriam-Webster  Dictionary <>.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:  ”a list often with descriptive or critical notes of writings relating to a particular subject, period, or author.” Merriam-Webster Dictionary  <>


42 Ways to Kill Hitler. National Geographic, 2008. DVD. “Adolf Hitler is perhaps the most feared and despised man of the 20th century. Not surprisingly, there were over 40 documented attempts on Hitler’s life. Assassins ranged from simple craftsmen to high-ranking soldiers in the Führers own military. Aided by cutting-edge CGI, security experts explain why the plots failed; and using modern weapon and explosive experiments, determine what slight change could have made the missions successful.”

“About the Archive.” JTA Jewish News Archive. Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Web. 16 Apr. 2012. <>. “The JTA Jewish News Archive is a powerful reference tool that offers a perspective on current events and modern Jewish history that is not available anywhere else. With free access to nearly a century of reporting about global events affecting world Jewry, the Archive will not only serve as a rich resource for both the casually curious as well as students and scholars of modern Jewish history, it will also transform the way the next generation of Jewish leaders and activists learn about their heritage.”

“Adolf Hitler (pictures, Video, Facts & News).” BBC – History. BBC. Web. 2 June 2011. <>. Pictures, video, facts, news. Related BBC Links.

“Adolf.” Spartacus Educational. Web. 28 Sept. 2011. <>. Adolf Hitler Biography “the Spartacus Educational website provides a series of history encyclopaedias. Entries usually include a narrative, illustrations and primary sources. The text within each entry is linked to other relevant pages in the encyclopaedia. In this way it is possible to research individual people and events in great detail. The sources are also hyper-linked so the student is able to find out about the writer, artist, newspaper and organization that produced the material.”

Anderson, Mark M. Hitler’s Exiles: Personal Stories of the Flight from Nazi Germany to America. New York: New, 1998. Print. “Between 1933 and 1945, roughly 130,000 German-speaking refugees fled Hitler’s persecution to resettle in America. “Hitler’s Exiles” is a composite first-hand account of this historic migration, focusing on the ordinary people who took this extraordinary voyage.”

“Answers to the 66 Questions of Holocaust Deniers.” Jewish Virtual Library. The American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise. Web. 09 Apr. 2012. <>. This material “comes from Nizkor, an extraordinary site devoted to combatting Holocaust deniers.”

Arnovitz, Benton, and Etal. “Jewish Resistance — a Working Bibliography.” United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. 2003. Web. 12 Jan. 2012. <>. A 49 page bibliography including General Works, Articles, and Articles about each country’s activities,

“Avalon Project – World War II : Documents.” Avalon Project – Documents in Law, History and Diplomacy. Lillian Goldman Library Yale Universary, 2008. Web. 22 Jan. 2012. <>. World War II primary sources.

Beck, Ludwig, and Carl F. Goerdeler. Plans for a Government: Governmental Declaration by Beck/Goerdeler Draft, Summer 1944. Rep. German Resistance Center. Print. “The original is missing: the present version was reconstructed from the documents of the Special Commission for Investigating the Assassination Attempt against Hitler of July 20, 1944.”

Benz, Wolfgang, and Walter H. Pehle. Encyclopedia of German Resistance to the Nazi Movement. New York: Continuum, 1997. Print.

Berenbaum, Michael, and Abraham J. Peck. The Holocaust and History: The Known, the Unknown, the Disputed, and the Reexamined. Bloomington, IN: Indiana UP, 1998. Print. This book contains a variety of approaches to the Holocaust: history, political science, philosophy, religion, sociology, literature, psychology, music, architectural history, chemistry, and engineering.

“Bibliographies.” United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. 1 Aug. 2011. Web. 24 July 2012. <>. Bibliographies compiled to guide reader to materials on various Holocaust-related topics.

“Bibliography & Bookstore – Jewish History.” Jewish Virtual Library – Homepage. The American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise, 2011. Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <>.

“Bibliography and Bookstore: The Holocaust, Nazi Germany and World War II.” Jewish Virtual Library. The American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise, 2012. Web. 09 Apr. 2012. <>. This is a prodigious comprehensive blbliography.

“Bibliography of Web Sites.” Jewish Virtual Library. Web. 9 Aug. 2012. <>. A lengthy bibliography of all things Jewish, including the Holocaust, biography, and history.

Boater, III Mark M. The Biographical Dictionary of World War II. Novato: Presido, 1996. Print. This dictionary “is a monumental, single-volume reference that contains authoritative accounts of more than 1,000 key personalities from the war years.”

Brown, Robert W. “Nazi Germany – Internet Links.” University of North Carolina. University of North Carolina at Pembroke, 20 Jan. 2010. Web. 21 Feb. 2013. <>. Reference and other works for Nazi germany are listed.

“Browse All Animated Maps.” United States Holocaust Memorial Museum: Holocaust Encyclopedia. Web. 02 June 2011. <>. Many animated maps including Auschwitz, The Lodz Ghetto and others.

Brysac, Shareen B. “Cast of Characters.” Website. 2000. Web. 09 May 2011. <>. Members of the resistance group the “Red Orchestra” included Mildred Harnack-Fish, an American who was executed on Hitler’s orders.

Cline, Austin. “Christians on Hitler & Nazis: Quotes from Christians Supporting Hitler – German Catholics & Protestants Praised, Supported Hitler as a Gift from God.” Agnosticism / Atheism – Skepticism & Atheism for Atheists & Agnostics. Web. 07 Nov. 2011. <>.

Cohn-Sherbok, Dan. The Dictionary of Jewish Biography. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2005. Print. A glossary and historical background are included.

“The Conspirators.” Web.archives. Web. 28 Mar. 2011. <>. A list of 226 German conspirators.

Cosner, Shaaron, and Victoria Cosner. Women under the Third Reich: A Biographical Dictionary. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1998. Print. “This dictionary features approximately 100 women–sympathizers, resistance fighters, smugglers, writers, and entertainers–whose lives were directly affected by events during this important time period. Included are women for whom source material is available in English, or who have had their life stories published.”

Dean, Martin, ed. Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933-1945, Volume II. Indiana UP. Print. Review of above title by Lawrence L. Langer.

Drobnicki, John A. “Holocaust Denial Literature: A Bibliography.” Holocaust Denial Bibliographies. York College / The City University of New York, 31 Jan. 2006. Web. 09 Apr. 2012. <>. “Putting warning labels on Holocaust denial is not entirely satisfactory, but it is preferable to putting denial literature on the same shelf as real military history and Holocaust studies. That morally and intellectually lazy practice is like selling arsenic in the vitamin section.”

The Economy and War in the Third Reich, 1933–1944. Gale. Web. 11 Feb. 2013.  This is in a subscription database, but seems valuable. Look for it at  your library. Source Library: Library of the London School of Economics and Political Science. “This official statistical source provides rare, detailed data on the German economic situation during the Third Reich up to and throughout World War II. Consisting of Monatliche Nachweise–ber den Auswartigen Handel Deutschlands (January 1933-June 1939); Der Aussenhandel Deutschlands Monatliche Nachweise (July 1939); and Sondernachweis der Aussenhandel Deutschlands (August 1939-1944)” An intuitive platform makes it all cross-searchable by subject or collection.

Edelheit, Abraham J., and Hershel Edelheit. History of the Holocaust: A Handbook and Dictionary. Boulder: Westview, 1994. Print. “The scholarly and well-organized presentation of the material notably fulfills the Edelheits’ stated purpose of providing a concise overview of Jewish history during the Nazi era, a comprehensive Holocaust glossary, and a tabular and graphic presentation of applicable information.”

Epstein, Helen, and Louis G. Cowan. A Study in American Pluralism through Oral Histories of Holocaust Survivors. [New York]: Library, 1977. Print. “Explores, ‘through personal interviews, a particular group of Americans who survived one of the most devastating experiences in history.’ The 250 interviewees included men and women Holocaust survivors, 5 adults who were married to survivors, and 40 children of survivors.”

Esman, Abagail R. “New Web Sites Help Track Nazi Plunder. The Timing Couldn’t Be More Urgent.” Forbes 8 May 2011. Web. 14 Nov. 2011. <>. “New online databases, along with recently-discovered photographs, may help resolve one of the most controversial unresolved legacies of the Holocaust – locating and returning the art, jewels, and other assets stolen and seized by the Nazis from European Jews.”

Fernekes, William R. The Oryx Holocaust Sourcebook. Westport, CT: Oryx, 2002. Print. The General Reference Works section includes atlases, bibliographies, chronologies and dictionaries, encyclopedias, resource guides and collections of sources and historical articles.

Frick, Lisa. Encyclopedia of World Biography. 2006. Web. 23 Sept. 2011. <>.Thousands of short biographies.

Friedlander, Henry, and Sybil Milton. Archives of the Holocaust: An International Collection of Selected Documents. New York: Garland, 1989. Print. Twenty-two volumes. “Each volume or group of volumes covers one repository.”

Friedman, Saul S. No Haven for the Oppressed; United States Policy toward Jewish Refugees, 1938-1945,. Detroit: Wayne State UP, 1973. Print. “Examines the United States government’s reaction to the Jewish refugee problem, underscoring its failure to act on behalf of these individuals. Portrays the American government and Jewish leaders as equally unwilling to advocate for European Jews. Begins with an introduction to the restrictive measures against immigrants originating from the nineteenth century. Includes extensive endnotes and an index.”

Gassert, Philipp, and Daniel S. Mattern. The Hitler Library: A Bibliography. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2001. Print. “A complete bibliography of Hitler’s books in the Rare Book Reading Room of the Library of Congress.”

“German Resistance Memorial Center.” Gedenkstätte Deutscher Widerstand. GDW – Biographies. Web. 09 May 2011. <>. Biographies of German resisters Elisabeth Schumacher, Liselotte Hermann, and Kath Kollwitz are included in the long list of martyred Germans.

“Germany Under the Nazis – World War II Multimedia Database.” 30 Sept. 2011. Web. 2012. <>. After German President Paul von Hindenburg died “Hitler folded the powers of the Presidency into his own. He became Führer, or leader, of all of Germany. He proclaimed the Third Reich, following a history theory that German unity would be achieved in the Third Kingdom. After The Holy Roman Empire and Otto von Bismarck, Adolf Hitler proclaimed his rule would last a thousand years.”

Gill, Anton. An Honorable Defeat: A History of German Resistance to Hitler, 1933-45. New York: H. Holt, 1994. Print. Who’s who in the German Resistance.

Graff, Keir. “Reference on the Web: Nazi Germany.” General OneFile. GALE, Aug. 2003. Web. 21 Feb. 2013. Source: “Booklist.” 99.22 (Aug. 2003): p2026. “Several [reference] sites to help users find historical data on Nazi Germany.”

Grobman, Gary. “The Holocaust–A Guide for Teachers.” Holocaust Cybrary Remembering the Stories of the Survivors., 1990. Web. 8 Dec. 2011. <>. This is the bibliography for a very complete instructional guide for teachers. It has 16 sections including “Resisters, Rescuers, and Bystanders.”

Gutman, Israel, ed. Encyclopedia of the Holocaust. New York: Macmillan Pub., 1990. Print. A comprehensive encyclopedia of the holocaust. Contains articles by leading scholars.

Hacken, Richard. “Germany: World War I and Weimar Republic.” Euro Docs. Brigham Young University, 15 Oct. 2012. Web. 26 Nov. 2012. <>. The links in the online source “connect to European primary historical documents that are transcribed, reproduced in facsimile, or translated. They shed light within the respective countries over a broad range of historical happenings (political, economic, social and cultural).”

Heineman, John L. “John L. Heineman’s Home Page.” John L. Heineman’s Home Page. Boston College, 2003. Web. 01 Sept. 2012. <>. Contains links to websites about Germany, Nazis, Jews etc.

Heineman, John L. “Maps Concerning World War II.” John L. Heineman’s Home Page. Boston College. Web. 01 Sept. 2012. <>. Twelve maps concerning World War II.

Heineman, John L. “The Road to War: A Selection of Primary Documents.” John L. Heineman’s Home Page. Boston College. Web. 01 Sept. 2012. <>. “This site contains four pages which include a large number of primary documents about the origins of World War II.”

Heineman, John L. “Third Reich Bibliography.” John L. Heineman’s Home Page. Boston College. Web. 01 Sept. 2012. <>. Thirty-two page bibliography of books to introduce various aspects of the third Reich.

Historical Atlas of the Holocaust. Washington D.C.: United States Holocaust Memorial, 1996. Print. “The Atlas presents the story of the Holocaust in all its specific geographical details – country by country, ghetto by ghetto, camp by camp,”

“The History Place – The Rise of Adolf Hitler: Chapter Index.” The History Place. 1996. Web. 02 Mar. 2013. <>. Twenty-four chapters cover Adolf Hitler’s birth to his defeat. The Nazi Germany/World War II section of the website includes special topics such as the Hitler Youth.

“The History Place – World War II in Europe Timeline.” The History Place. 1996. Web. 02 Mar. 2013. <>. A lengthy timeline from 1918 to 1946 includes photos and text.

“Holocaust Articles: Alphabetical List.” Web. 29 Sept. 2011. <>. A list of Holocaust articles on

The Holocaust, Crimes, Heroes and Villains. Web. 21 Dec. 2011. <>. Website dedicated to the Holocaust. Topics include Adolf Hitler and the Holocaust, Josef Mengele, Louis Bulow, Irena Sendler, Amon Goeth, Hitlers Nazi Butchers, Hell of Belzec, Schindlers List, and Treblinka, Hitler’s SS Camp, and many more.

“Holocaust Cybrary Remembering the Stories of the Survivors.” Holocaust Cybrary Remembering the Stories of the Survivors. Holocaust Community. Web. 25 Apr. 2012. <>. “ offers contributors (survivors, liberators, historians, and teachers )a place to connect and sharethe best research resources and stories through art, photography, painting, audio/video, and remembrance.”

“Holocaust Educational Resource.” Holocaust Educational Resource. The Nizkor Project. Web. 09 Apr. 2012. <>. “Dedicated to 12 million Holocaust victims who suffered and died at the hands of Adolf Hitler and his Nazi regime.” Extensive resources.

“Holocaust Encyclopedia: Third Reich.” United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Web. 13 Mar. 2012. <>. “Both inside and outside Germany, the term ‘Third Reich’ was often used to describe the Nazi regime in Germany from January 30, 1933, to May 8, 1945.”

Holocaust Encyclopedia. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Web. 19 May 2011. <>. Look for the Glossary and the Glossary of terms and individuals in the Nazi Judicial system.

The Holocaust History Project. 6 June 2011. Web. 03 Nov. 2011. <>. “The Holocaust History Project is a free archive of document, photographs, recordings, videos and essays regarding the Holocaust, including direct refutation of Holocaust-denial.”

“The Holocaust, Nazi Germany and World War II.” Jewish Virtual Library. The American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise. Web. 9 Aug. 2012. <>. A lengthy bibliography of resources.

“The Holocaust Timeline.”–20th Century History. Web. 29 Sept. 2011. <>. A timeline for the Holocaust 1933-40. The Holohaust History Project. Web. 24 Mar. 2012. <>. “The Holocaust History Project is a free archive of documents, photographs, recordings, videos and essays regarding the Holocaust, including direct refutation of Holocaust-denial.”

“Jewish Resistance – A Working Bibliography.” United States Holocaust Memorial Museum: Justice Resistance – A Working Bibliography. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, 2003. Web. 29 May 2011. <>. A very large working bibliography, Jewish Resistance, is included in a pdf here.

“The Jewish Virtual Library: The Holocaust.” The Jewish Virtual Library: The Holocaust. Web. 25 Apr. 2012. <>. Historic Maps, Jewish History, Holocaust Survivors.

Kucharz, Christel. “Beware of Nazi Words.” ABC News. ABC News Network, 01 Feb. 2008. Web. 30 July 2012. <>. ” Dozens of German words have for decades been taboo for native speakers because of the way those words were used by the Nazis. Now, an 800-page dictionary has been published to serve as a guide to avoiding linguistic traps into which Germans can easily fall.”

Laqueur, Walter, and Judith Tydor Baumel-Schwartz. The Holocaust Encyclopedia. New Haven: Yale UP, 2001. Print. “This book reaches beyond facts and details to reveal the depths of the Holocaust experience and its aftermath.” The book has a long entry on resistance.

Leber, Annedore. Conscience in Revolt; Sixty-four Stories of Resistance in Germany, 1933-45,. London: Vallentine, Mitchell, 1957. Print. “The stories of sixty-four German martyrs who fought against Hitler.”

Leitz, Christian, and Harold James. The Third Reich: The Essential Readings. Oxford, UK: Blackwell, 1999. Print. “This book is a collection of some of the most influential recent writing on vital aspects of Nazi Germany.”

Leuner, Heinz David. When Compassion Was a Crime: Germany’s Silent Heroes, 1933-1945. London: Wolff, 1978. Print. A long list of rescuers is included.

Lied, Horst Wessel. “Encyclopedia: Songs of the Third Reich.” NationMaster. Web. 11 Jan. 2013. <>. Includes “Horst Wessel’s Song.”

“List of Members of the 20 July Plot.” Wikipedia. 10 Apr. 2011. Web. 3 May 2011. < of_the_20_July_plot>. At least 7,000 persons were arrested by the Gestapo. 4,980 persons were executed. Few of these are believed to be involved in the July plot.

Manvell, Roger, and Heinrich Fraenkel. The Men Who Tried to Kill Hitler. New York: Skyhorse Pub., 2008. Print. The book contains information on 14 men who tried to kill Hitler.

Marrus, Michael R. “The History of the Holocaust: A Survey of Recent Literature.” The Journal of Modern History 59.1 (1987): 114-60. JSTOR. Web. 28 July 2012. One-hundred-thirty-three footnotes include recent (up to 1986) entries of Holocaust history literature.

McFee, Gordon. “In the Nazis’ Words.”, 4 Apr. 2004. Web. 6 Apr. 2012. <>. “This collection of quotations by Nazi leaders speaks for itself. The common thread running through all of these quotations is the annihilation of the Jews. All quotations are from Nazi documents, books or speeches, and the German original has in most cases been provided.”

McKale, Donald M. Nazis after Hitler: How Perpetrators of the Holocaust Cheated Justice and Truth. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2012. Print. “This deeply researched and informative book traces the biographies of thirty ‘typical’ perpetrators of the Holocaust–some well known, some obscure–who survived World War II.”

Megargee, Geoffrey P., ed. Cataloguing the ‘Missed Destiny of Death’ Volume II of a Holocaust Encyclopedia Runs 2,000 Pages. Bloomington [u.a.: Indiana UP, 2009. The Jewish Daily Forward. 19 Apr. 2012. Web. 5 May 2012. <>. "Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933-1945, Volume II" is reviewed.

Michael, Robert A., and Karin Doerr. Nazi-Deutsch: An English Lexicon of the Language of the Third Reich. Westport, CT [u.a.: Greenwood, 2002. Print. "The first and only comprehensive German-English dictionary of the Third Reich language, the book provides clear, concise, expert definitions with background information. Using up-to-date research, the book provides access, in a single volume, to a specialized, charged vocabulary, including the terminology of Nazi ideology, propaganda slogans, military terms, ranks and offices, abbreviations and acronyms, euphemisms and code names, Germanized words, slang, chauvinistic and anti-Semitic vocabulary, and racist and sexist slurs."

Mitcham, Samuel W., and Gene Mueller. Hitler's Commanders: Officers of the Wehrmacht, the Luftwaffe, the Kriegsmarine, and the Waffen-SS. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2012. Print. "[T]hese men actually consisted of a diverse group of soldiers rather than just fanatical Nazi robots … bringing to light the careers of lower-ranking and lesser-known Wehrmacht officers makes for compelling reading and sheds valuable light on the complexities of the German military command during World War II.”

Niewyk, Donald L., and Francis R. Nicosia. The Columbia Guide to the Holocaust. New York: Columbia UP, 2000. Print. “Offers a general history of the Holocaust and addresses many of the core issues and debates surrounding it.”

Online Torchlighter Film Archive. Yadvashem. Web. 8 Apr. 2012. <!prettyPhoto>. “Each year, during the official Holocaust Martyrs’ and Heroes’ Remembrance Day ceremony that takes place at Yad Vashem, six torches, representing the six million Jews, are lit by Holocaust survivors. Since 1995 short films depicting the stories of the survivors are shown as each torch is lit. All of these films, containing documentary footage and video testimony, can be accessed (by name, date, country, or year of ceremony) in the Online Torchlighter Film Archive.”

Overy, R. J. The Penguin Historical Atlas of the Third Reich. London: Penguin, 1996. Print. “This atlas charts the rise and fall of Hitler’s Nazi state, from the first mass meeting of the NSDAP in Munich in 1920, through the relentless territorial aggression and anti-Jewish atrocities of World War II, to the execution of war criminals in Nuremburg in 1946.”

“ Web Directory: World War II Dormant Accounts.” Web. 22 Feb. 2013. <>. World War II Dormant Accounts: Holocaust claims websites.

“Resources for the Holocaust.” FindingDulcinea | Online Guides | Internet Library | Web Resources. Web. 17 Jan. 2012. <>.

Rosenberg, Jennifer. “Hitler Facts – 34 Facts You Should Know About Adolf Hitler.” 20th Century History. Web. 07 Nov. 2011. <>.

Rosenberg, Jennifer. “The Holocaust – Comprehensive Resources About the Holocaust.” 20th Century History – The Holocaust. Web. 29 Dec. 2011. <>. “Whether you are just beginning to learn about the Holocaust or you are looking for more in-depth stories about the subject, this page is for you. The beginner will find a glossary, a timeline, a list of the camps, a map, and much more. Those more knowledgeable about the topic will find interesting stories about spies in the SS, detailed overviews of some of the camps, a history of the yellow badge, medical experimentation, and much more.”

Rosenberg, Jennifer. “Holocaust Facts: What You Need to Know About the Holocaust.” 20th Century History. Web. 02 July 2012. <>. 33 basic facts about the Holocaust for quick reference.

Roskies, David G., and Naomi Diamant. Holocaust Literature: A History and Guide. Waltham, MA: Brandeis UP, 2012. Print. “Roskies’ and Diamant’s history does not begin in 1946, but reaches back to the very beginnings of Holocaust literature, in the midst of the war itself. … the co-authors emphasized the lessons to be learned from reading the Holocaust literature in the chronological order in which it was written and published.”

Rosnberg, David P. “On the 68th Anniversary of the Liberation of Auschwitz.” 16th Street. The Center for Jewish History, 8 Feb. 2013. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. <>. “On January 27th, 1945, Auschwitz was liberated by the Red Army. The desolate, disease-ridden and mosquito-infested complex comprised the largest of the Nazi concentration camps. Over a million people were murdered there. When the Nazis learned of the Red Army’s approach, they attempted to evacuate Auschwitz. Born Ernst Loewensberg circa 1900-1905 in Ingelheim am Rhein, Loew emigrated to United States with family in the early 1930s. He served in the United States Army during World War II, and he collected material during his time in Europe. His collection also has camp money from Theresienstadt, anti-semitic propaganda flyers from France and Germany, and a shoulder patch from the Jewish Infantry Brigade Group in World War II.” The entire Ernst Loew collection may be viewed from this site.

Siswati, Yovita. “Eight Most Notable Unsuccessful Attempts to Kill Hitler.” Socyberty | Society on the Web. 6 Apr. 2009. Web. 13 Jan. 2011. <>. Maurice Bavaud, Georg Elser, Polish Army, Soviet Intelligence, Foxley Operation, Henning von Tresckow, Colonel Clasus von Stauffenberg, Rudolf von Gersdorff.

Smith, S.E., and O. Wallace. “What Is the Difference between the German Army, Gestapo, Nazi Party, SA, SS, and Wehrmacht?” WiseGeek. Conjecture. Web. 09 Nov. 2012. <>. “Students of European history often encounter discussions of the Geheime Staatspolizei (Gestapo), Wehrmacht, Sturmabteilung (SA), Schutzstaffel (SS), and Nationalsozialisische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (Nazi Party) in books and commentaries about Germany in the first half of the 20th century. These organizations all had slightly different roles in Germany in the 1930s through 1940s, contributing to Hitler’s rise to power and the conflict of the Second World War.”

Snyder, Louis L. Encyclopedia of the Third Reich. London: Robert Hale, 1995. Print. ” The major area covered is the period from the rise of National Socialism to the fall of the Third Reich in 1945. There are selected entries from the time of the Weimar Republic, which preceded Hitler, and from the Bonn Republic, which succeeded him.”

Some Documents Relevant to Germany’s Invasion of Poland and Response to Great Britain’s Ultimatum. Web. <>. Documents include proclamations and an address by Adolf Hitler, and communication from the German Government to the British Government.

Spicer, Kevin P. Hitler’s Priests: Catholic Clergy and National Socialism. DeKalb: Northern Illinois UP, 2008. Print. Appendix 2 contains biographical data on 138 brown priests, 109 diocesan priests, 19 ordained members of religious orders, and 10 priests from dioceses outside Germany.

Stackelberg, Roderick, and Sally Anne. Winkle. The Nazi Germany Sourcebook: An Anthology of Texts. London: Routledge, 2002. Print. “The Nazi Germany Sourcebook is packed full of both official and private papers from the perspectives of perpetrators and victims, these sources offer a revealing insight into why Nazism came into being, its extraordinary popularity in the 1930s, how it affected the lives of people, and what it means to us today. This carefully edited series of 148 documents, drawn from 1850 to 2000, covers the pre-history and aftermath of Nazism: * the ideological roots of Nazism, and the First World War * the Weimar Republic * the consolidation of Nazi power * Hitler’s motives, aims and preparation for war * the Second World War * the Holocaust * the Cold War and recent historical debates.”

Stewart, Stephanie. “Toxic Words, The New Nazi Dictionary.” EzineArticles. Web. 1 Dec. 2010. <,-The-New-Nazi-Dictionary&id=1030400>. The author discusses the German Dictionary, Coming to Terms with the Past, which contains one thousand expressions used by the Nazis.

Suncan, George. “Women of the Third Reich.” Women of the Third Reich. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. <>. ” A collection of short biographical portraits of some forty women who either gave their full support to Hitler and were sympathetic to the Nazi party, or on the other hand, were strongly anti-Nazi and played an active part in the anti-Hitler resistance movements. Many paid the supreme penalty for their beliefs and actions. The vast majority of German women however were neither particularly pro nor anti-Nazi but simply went along with the system thus providing passive support for it.”

“Swiss Banks Settlement: In Re Holocaust Victim Assets Litigation – Overview.” Holocaust: Victims Assets Litigation (Swiss Banks). Web. 13 Feb. 2013. <>. “This is the official website of the “Swiss Banks Settlement: In re Holocaust Victim Assets Litigation” United States District Court for the Eastern District fo New York, Judge Edward R. Korman Presiding (CV-96-4849).”

Taylor, James, and Warren Shaw. A Dictionary of the Third Reich. London: Grafton, 1987. Print.

Taylor, James, and Warren Shaw. The Third Reich Almanac. New York: World Almanac, 1987. Print.

“A Teacher’s Guide to the Holocaust: Docments.” Florida Center for Instructional Technology. Web. 30 Nov. 2011. <>. Primary source materials to use in the classroom.

“A Teacher’s Guide to the Holocaust Site Map.” A Teacher’s Guide to the Holocaust. Florida Center for Instructional Technology, 2005. Web. 30 Nov. 2011. <>. This site map will lead you to Movie Clips, Survivors, Bystanders, Perpetrators, Rescuers, Resistors, Resistance, Liberators, Documents and a Glossary. Text and websites.

The Third Reich: 1933-1939 : A Historical Bibliography. Santa Barbara/Calif.: ABC-Clio, 1984. Print. ABC-Clio research guides.

The Third Reich at War: A Historical Bibliography. ABC-Clio. Print. ABC-Clio research guides.

“Top 10 Little-Known Events in World War II.” Listverse. 2 Mar. 2011. Web. 04 July 2012. <>. A list of very interesting and unusual World War II events. The list contains paragraphs and photos for episodes such as Vichy France vs. the Allies.

“Treblinka Death Camp Revolt.” Holocaust Education & Archive Research Team. Holocaust Research Project, 2008. Web. 15 Sept. 2012. <>. “Jewish inmates organized a resistance group in Treblinka in early 1943. When camp operations neared completion, the prisoners feared they would be killed and the camp dismantled. During the late spring and summer of 1943, the resistance leaders decided to revolt.”

“The United States and the Holocaust.” Bibliographies. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Web. 07 Feb. 2013. <>. “Despite a history of providing sanctuary to persecuted peoples, the United States grappled with many issues during the 1930s that made staying true to this legacy difficult, among them wide-spread antisemitism, xenophobia, isolationism, and a sustained economic depression. Unfortunate for those fleeing from Nazi persecution, these issues greatly impacted this nation’s refugee policy, resulting in tighter restrictions and limited quotas at a time when open doors might have saved lives.” Contains: primary sources, background information, film and video, museum web resources and other reference material.

Wagner, Margaret E., and David M. Kennedy. The Library of Congress World War II Companion. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2007. Print. “Drawn from the unparalleled collections of the institution that has been called ‘America’s Memory,’ … [this book] includes excerpts from contemporary letters, journals, pamphlets, and other documents, as well as first-person, and other documents, …”

“Welcome to World War II News.” Hitler News. Web. 13 Aug. 2012. <>. “Hitler’s Third Reich and World War II in the News is a daily edited review of WWII articles-including German WW2 militaria – providing thought-provoking collection of hand-picked WW2 information.”

Wilde, Robert. “Top 9 Best World War 2 Films.” European History. Web. 16 Mar. 2012. <>. “There was much more to World War Two in Europe than the Western and Eastern Fronts … and these are films based elsewhere: at sea, in Germany and in numerous other regions.”

Wistrich, Robert S. Who’s Who in Nazi Germany. London: Routledge, 1995. Print. This book “looks at the individuals who influenced every aspect of life in Nazi Germany. It covers a representative cross-section of German society from 1933-1945.”

“Women and the Holocaust.” Jewish Virtual Library. Web. 9 Aug. 2012. <>. Extensive Women and Holocaust bibliography.

“World War I: Aftermath.” Holocaust Encyclopedia. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, 2012. Web. 29 Sept. 2012. <>. “Burdensome reparations imposed after World War I, coupled with a general inflationary period in Europe in the 1920s—another direct result of a materially catastrophic war—caused spiraling hyperinflation of the German Reichsmark by 1923. This hyperinflationary period combined with the effects of the Great Depression (beginning in 1929) to seriously undermine the stability of the German economy, wiping out the personal savings of the middle class and spurring massive unemployment.”

“World War II.” Best of History Web Sites. EdTechTeacher, Inc. Web. 19 Jan. 2012. <>. Valuable history website of general World War II websites. Also see World War II Special Topics.

“”  Yad Vashem. Web. 10 Oct. 2011. <>. “ is the web site of the Yad Vashem History of the Holocaust–a series of multimedia tools.”

“YIVO Institute for Jewish Research Archives and Library.” YIVO Institute for Jewish Research. Web. 25 Apr. 2012. <>. “An associate of the prestigious Research Libraries Group (RLG), the YIVO Library contains over 350,000 volumes. The YIVO Archives holds over 22,000,000 documents, photographs, recordings, posters, films, videotapes, and other artifacts. Together, they comprise the world’s largest collection of materials related to the history and culture of East European and American Jewry. YIVO has the foremost collection of books and documents written in Yiddish. The Archives and Library’s holdings, however, also include many works in English, French, German, Hebrew, Ladino, Polish, and Russian.”